1.0 Introduction Ergogenic in the term is “workproducing”. The reason why athletes takes the ergogenic aids is because theyfear of losing. It is not surprising that athletes want to try the newestergogenic aid since sporting competitions are sometime won by a difference of1/100th.
This supplement sometimes added to thediet to make up for a additional nutritional however, some athletes consumedietary supplements to improve the health and performance. Athletes at theancient days would eat the heart or liver of an animal, such as lion or deer,to increase their swiftness, courage or strength but on the nowday, the uses ofthe ergogenic aid is not surprising. In order to improve our performance andhasten recovery, athletes and coaches uses various way to improved performancewhich known as Ergogenic Aids. Ergogenic Aids may influence the physiologicalcapacity in our body but may also affect our performance. There are fewcategories of the ergogenic aids that is: 2.0 Why the athletes take the ergogenic aids? To enhance their performance during highintensity activity. It gives you mental or physical edge while exercising orcompeting. And also to improve or maintain their top performance duringcompetition to increase the chance of seizing the victory.
3.0 The substances of ergogenicaids that not been bannedThere are severalergogenic aids that are safe to use included the following: 3.1Protein Powder The protein is use to build the muscleor strength you want but if you don’t consume the enough protein, you wont be able to build the muscle. Although plentyof the expensive brands of protein are available but the plain whey protein isthe best than others.
3.2Fish Oil Fish oil is not just help the athlete todeal with injuries, swelling and inflammation, it also lubricates your jointsso they can get less wear and tear to our muscles. This is because the athletein the training or in the middle of the season that always get injuries. 3.3Green SupplementsTo the athletes that lack of vegetableand the vitamins and minerals daily they can takes the green supplement torecover their nutrition in their body. It also can short the time to theathlete for recovery their muscles and tissues.
It also can avoid the athletefrom injuries such as cramping. 3.4Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs)BCAAs is used to boost the immunesystem.
BCAAs can provides energy to do endurance activities because itselfaccelerate the protein to breakdown into amino acids the body can use. It hasbeen shown to delayed fatigue as a result. 3.5Vitamin D Vitamin D help the body to absorb thecalcium for your bones to be strong. It also help the immune system to worksoptimally.
Vitamin D help you to stay longer when you play outdoor games but ifyou play indoor games, you should takes the Vitamin D during off-season. 3.6Water The body is made up from the 70 percentwater and your muscle is hold most of that. The drinking of the water may bethe simplest thing athletes can do to stay healthy and prevent the body fromdehydrates. Example, when the footballplays the games, they need water to restored the energy that athletes loses.The water that athletes drink consist the oxygen that will help the athletes toperform better. 4.0 Advantagesof medication for ergogenic aids 4.
1Carbohydrate loadingIt is now recognized that adequatedietary carbohydrate in the days and hours before strenuous training andcompetition is critical to maintaining adequate glycogen levels in the muscles.Increasing consumption of carbohydrates in liquid or food form normally threedays prior to an endurance-type event is therefore a way to enhanceperformance. Endurance athletes, such as marathon runners, rely on their storesof glycogen as a source of energy during competition and carbohydrate loadingis a method for boosting the amount of glycogen in the body before acompetition. 4.2Proper nutrition Proper nutrition means selecting good foodchoices and diets that lead to maintaining health while also reducing majorrisk factors for diseases. The estimated average daily calorie requirement is 1940 calories per dayfor women and 2550 for men. If the level of activity is increased, highperformance can be achieved by increasing the calorie intake according on asound nutrition basis 4.3Electrolyte solutions The body requires a certain amount of fluidintake on a daily basis to function and the minimum is about equal to four8-ounce glasses (one liter or one quart).
Strenuous activity and excessivesweating call for two to three times this basic amount. It has been shown thata fluid loss equivalent to 2% of body weight can impair performance and lead toheat exhaustion at 5%. Electrolyte solutions not only provide fluid, but alsocontain electrolytes, the salts and minerals required for various functions bythe body and that are also lost by sweating 4.4Stress management The increased stress of competitive sports canaffect athletes both physically and mentally such that their performanceabilities are lowered. Stress may lead to excessive tension, increased heartrates, cold sweats, and anxiety about the outcome of the competition.
Stressmanagement techniques are recognized ergogenic aids that help maintainconcentration, confidence, control and commitment. Relaxation techniques:Relaxation is especially important for high performance athletic activities. Itpromotes rest, recovery and recuperation while removing stress relatedreactions, such as increased muscular tension. In addition, relaxationcontributes to the maintenance of positive physical and mental statesBut, there are someergogenic aids has been banned by the government because of many issue andhealth problem may effected the athlete performance in the long term. Thequestion is why some ergogenic aids banned? Based on professional research, somesubstance is illegal to use is because it may 5.0 Statistic An experiment have been carried out bythe scientist about an effective supplement that is ergogenic aids. Thisexperiment have been carried out among professional athletes. This research isusing 600 athletes that is 216 women and 384 men that are asked to practise varioussports disciplines.
The athletes have been divided into two classified that isyounger group and older group. The younger group consisted 307 people that is18 to 23 years old and the rest of it is the older one that is 24 to 35 yearsold. In this research they using a questionnaire that was used with questionconcerning the frequency and types of consumed supplements.
Then the result have been carried outthat nearly half of the athletes that is 48.2% said they are takingsupplementation, 36.7% consumed the supplement occasionally and 11.5% stilltaking the supplement. The most people in the group that is 75.
4% are admitted totake isotonic drinks that were the most commonly chosen nutritional aidenhancing physical performance. The least are frequently used supplement thatwas creatine. This research also showed that men is the most are take theergogenic aids than the women that is men is 50.
5% and the women is 44.1% thattake the ergogenic aids.So as theconclusion from this experiment, competitors who use supplements over those who choose not to, seems toreflect the continuous lack of the athletes’ sufficient awareness of theeffectiveness, safety, and health benefits of dietary supplementation thatenhances physical performance. 6.0 Substance that have been bannedNational CollegiateAthletic Association (NCAA) and Olympics commission have banned the severalsubstances such as anabolic and other steroids, Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA),Diuretics, Blood doping, Ephedrine, human growth hormone (HGH) and take awaysupplement. It is because they didn’t bring a lot of benefit to our body andperformance but bring more harmful to an athlete. Many drugs, supplements andpractices can give athletes unfair advantages and also the more damage than thestripping an athlete of a title. An anabolic and other steroids that affect theperson can cause a long term health problem or even the death.
In the end, itbetter to training, dedication, hydrating fluids and the proper diet thantaking the ergogenic aids for boost your performance.6.1 Anabolic and other steroids An anabolic and other steroids that affect the person can cause a long termhealth problem or even the death. In the end, it better to training,dedication, hydrating fluids and the proper diet than taking the ergogenic aidsfor boost your performance.Illegal according thelaw and in the sporting events. Theeffect to the athletes is numerous and potentially fatal. Examples of thesubstances is androstenedione, stanozolol, axiron, and fortesta. Most related to the unwanted andro-geniceffects, such as shrinking testicles, enlarged prostate gland, and lower spermlevels.
Some of the adverse effects are potentially serious and irreversibleand they include heart, liver, and immune system problems. Behavior changes mayinclude aggression, paranoia, mood swings, low sex drive, and depression.Harmful effects have been reported forseveral ergogenic products. Additional risky supplements in the ephedrine classinclude androstenedione and other “prohormone” precursors to testosterone,yohimbine, and products that contain kava. Adverse effects have also beenreported with carbohydrate supplementation.
Increased insulin levels aftercarbohydrate consumption were shown to significantly decrease blood glucoselevels in some athletes, and fructose-containing solutions have been associatedwith adverse gastrointestinal effects in some studies. 6.2 Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) The most dangerousand harmful steroid in humans by using synthetic versions to increase steroidproduction. This supplement will physiologic in testosterone synthesis. Thetestosterone level will increases in women but do not changed in men.
Theywould likely cause the many adverse effects associated with anabolic steroids. 6.3 Diuretics The medications thatmake person to urinate more frequently. They use this substances that will helpdilute performance-enhancing drugs. This also can cause a variety harmful sideeffects such as cramping, dizziness, blood pressure drops, and electrolyteimbalances.
6.4 Blood doping Blood doping is theprocess of boosting red blood cells to help carry more oxygen to the musclesand lungs. It can be done through a blood transfusion or by taking drugs like erythropoietin.Blood doping has beenlinked to strokes, allergic reactions, and infections. 6.5 Erythropoietin Athletes use thismedication to make more red blood cells in their bodies. This can increases theability to use oxygen because these cells can carry the oxygen.
A medication doctorsprescribe for people who don’t make a lot of red blood cells. Athletes use themedicine to make more red blood cells in their bodies. This can increase aperson’s ability to use oxygen because these cells carry oxygen. Enduranceathletes may especially try to use erythropoietin because they believe they canperform longer with more oxygen. However, using the medication when notmedically needed can cause blood clots and death.Blood doping is theprocess that cost Lance Armstrong his Tour de France titles. Ephedrine is acentral nervous stimulant.
Ephedrine produces similar effects to adrenaline,but it too can be dangerous. It can cause serious cardiovascular effects,including stroke, and a whole host of other problems. Both athleticorganizations and the FDA have banned it. 6.6 Creatine It will increases ourperformance. Creatine always be used by the athlete to improve theirperformance and can increases their high intensity of their training. Creatinealso made our body gain lean muscle mass. It also can increases our strength 5to 15 percent of body strength but creatine also have the bad effect such ascramping and dehydration.
It also completely unknown for long term effect to our body. 6.7 Human growth hormone (HGH) This aids is usually used by the bodybuilder. Some body builder takes large doses to decrease the fat and increasesthe muscle mass. Many side effect has been detected by using this doses such asenlarged organs and chronic disease. Effects include heart and nerve diseases,glucose intolerance, and higher levels of blood fats Other effects also comefrom the extra HGH levels in the body along with what is already produced bythe pituitary glands. 6.8CaffeineEven the caffeine can increases mentalalertness and lower the fatigue, it may cause irritability, restlessness,diarrhea, insomnia, and anxiety if use excessively.
It usually found in thecoffee, tea chocolate and soft drinks. Ergogenic doses of caffeine may causerestlessness, nervousness, insomnia, and tremors. At least 17 deaths have beenlinked to products that combine caffeine and ephedrine 6.9EphedrineSome athletes use this supplements toimprove their performance, have more energy or decrease their body fat butathlete that use ephedrine nay find that it help them farther and faster butsome research that it will have side effects. This is why the National FootballLeague, the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the InternationalOlympic Committee have all taken steps to keep it off the playing fieldsIts also a central nervous stimulant. Ephedrineproduces similar effects to adrenaline, but it too can be dangerous. It cancause serious cardiovascular effects, including stroke, and a whole host ofother problems. Both athletic organizations and the FDA have banned it.
7.0Chris Froome a cyclist athlete – failed in drug test Chris Froome is an internationalathlete in cyclist that hold four times Tour de France champion are failed adrug test that been doing by World Anti-doping Agencies(WADA). Chris froome hasasthma and he recommended to take the asthma drug for his cure to his disease and take according the volumethat allowed.
But in this case, Chris Froome are failed in drug test because hewas found that he have a double the allowed level of the legal asthma drug that is Salbutamol in his urineon a test that taken on 7 September 2017 by World Anti-doping Agencies(WADA) during the vuelta a espana, which the 32years old went on to win. Salbutamol is a medication that opens up the medium andlarge airways in the lungs. It is used to treat asthma including asthmaattacks, exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, and chronic obstructivepulmonary disease (COPD). 8.
0 Conclusion Ergogenic aids are a substance thatbenefits many athletes. It can also improve athlete performance. Ergogenic aidscan enhance the athlete’s spirit for training because ergogenic aids have apositive effect in the shortest time. This will give the athlete confidence topractice continuously. Ergogenic aids are divided into several parts, includingnutrition, physiology, psychology and so on. Many athletes use ergogenic aidsto make recovery because they have used a lot of muscles during training.Ergogenic aids should be taken according to body requirements in order to helpimprove athlete performance.
If taking excessively it can be harmful to thebody. Athletes who take ergogenic aids should seek advice from experts so asnot to impair the athlete’s health. If not follow the instructions from theexpert it will cause the current performance of the competition to decline. Inaddition to providing athlete’s goodness to improve performance, ergogenic aidsalso harm the athlete. Examples of ergogenic aids forbidden to take athlete areanabolic steroids.
Ergogenic aids should be taken in a healthy way so that ourperformance improves and can provide health to the body.