Last updated: March 28, 2019
Topic: SocietyWar
Sample donated:

Winston comes to the realization that the Proles are his only hope for breaking away from Big Brother and realizing the truth. (pg. 63-66)

“Proles and animals are free.” (pg. 66)

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After becoming tired of blindly accepting the rules set in place by Big Brother, Winston realizes that if he is to be free, he must seek salvation with the Proles, the poorer, more overlooked social class.

“They needed only to rise up and shake themselves like a horse shaking off flies.” (pg. 63)

Winston is captured, imprisoned, and tortured by O’Brien in the Ministry of Love (pg. 225-290)

“You are mentally deranged. You suffer from a defective memory. You are unable to remember real events, and you persuade yourself that you remember other events, which never happened. Fortunately, it is curable.” (pg. 245) Diction

Winston is captured and sent to the infamous “Ministry of Love” where he is tortured and forced to interact with many other criminals/traitors to the Party. This is where the Party’s true evil is exposed.

“How can I help seeing what is in front of my eyes? Two and Two are four.” “Sometimes, Winston. Sometimes there are five. Sometimes they are three.” (pg. 216)

Winston accepts the viewpoint(s) of the Party, but realizes that if he should die hating them, he would be happy to die a free-spirited martyr for his beliefs. (pg. 256, 281)

“To die hating them, that was freedom.” (pg. 281)


Winston comes to grips with the fact that although he dislikes Big Brother with all of his being, opposing them would be his ultimate freedom, even if that mean dying for his beliefs.

“The long-hoped-for bullet was entering his brain” (pg 256)

Winston and Julia meet above the shop for the first time. (pg 126)

“Her lips were deeply reddened, her lips rouged, her nose powdered;” (pg 126) Imagery

Winston finally begins to live out the sexual fantasies he’s always dreamed of with a woman called Julia, whom he spends much of the book sharing experiences with.

“Her voice floated upward with the sweet summer air…charged with a sort of happy melancholy.” (pg. 126)

Winston analyzes the posters and slogans of both the Party and Big Brother at the beginning of the book. (pg. 7-10)

“War is Peace, Freedom is Slavery, Ignorance is Strength” (pg.4) Irony

In the beginning of the book, these slogans are introduced to show the
radical views of the party, and also help to establish the Party’s dictator-like rule over the people.

“Big Brother is watching you.” (pg 2)

Winston is given the address of O’Brien, and pays him a visit. (pg. 141)

“He had the sensation of stepping into the dampness of a grave…” (pg. 162) Metaphor

Parallel Structure
When O’Brien states his view of the Party, it gives Winston a sense of hope that there are others that share his anti-Party stance, and it also confirms to Winston that O’Brien can be trusted.

“We believe that there is some kind of conspiracy, some kind of secret organization working against the party, and that you are involved in it…thought-criminals.” (pg. 170)

Winston decides to visit an area inhabited by the Proles to get a sense of their way of life. (pg .85)

“And when memory failed and written records were falsified-when that happened, the claim of the Party to have improved the conditions of human life had got to be accepted…tested.” (pg. 87) Diction

When Winston travels through the Prole section of London, he sees their simple and ignorant way of life and envies it. He also the realizes that his key to rebellion lies within the ranks of the overwhelming number of Proles.

“In the window there were trays of nuts and bolts, worn-out chisels, penknives…rubbish” (pg. 85)

Winston purchases a diary found in a shop, which is an act punishable by
death, and uses it as an outlet for his thoughts and emotions. (pg. 6)

“He dipped the pen into the ink and then faltered for just a second… To mark the paper was a decisive act.” (pg. 7) Imagery

Winston obtaining the diary is important, because not only does it show his paranoia of the thought police (and the Party in general), but it also reveals to the reader Winston’s innermost feelings.

“It was a particularly beautiful book..past.” (pg. 6)

Winston’s place in society is revealed as he is shown erasing past records and replacing them with ones that fit the Party’s viewpoints. (pg. 13)

“As soon as Winston had dealt with each of the messages, he clipped his speakwritten corrections to the appropriate copy of The Times and then pushed them into the pneumatic tube.” (pg. 13) Diction

Winston’s role in society is revealed as being a “speakwrite”, a person employed by the Party to manipulate history to the Party’s views. This is important in showing the Party’s intention on spreading their influence at whatever cost, and shows Winston’s opinion on the Party’s methods.

“Winston’s greatest pleasure in life was his work…Newspeak.” (pg. 14)