Thecomprehension of the level and scale of urbanization in developing countries isdebatable due to the lack of reliable data. In addition, the process ofurbanization is far from homogenous across these countries which showcasesignificant differences in terms of economical and political backgrounds.*Regarding Britain in 19th century, where the rapidly falling death rate,associated with medical interventions, was once the favoured explanation forpopulation growth, it is generally held to be the increase in marriage andbirth rate which caused the explosion. In contrast and in my personal belief,although high birth rates make the natural increase of the population animportant source of city growth in developing countries, the movement of peoplefrom rural to urban areas within the country (internal migration) is the mostsignificant factor contributed to urban growth.

For developed countries like Britain, rapidgrowth of the urban populations is an example of Industrial Revolution in whicheconomic growth happened parallel with industrialization. On the other hand, lessdeveloped countries have experienced sudden expansion in urban population, butwithout demonstrating significant economic progress.* In answer to this disproportionate relationship, Mike Davis outlines Global neoliberalism which prompted thedevelopment of urban areas through foreign investment and capitalisticindustries relying on cities to function as a node in a worldwide capitalistnetwork. Western institutions neglected the rural regions and agriculturalindustries and local governments ended up spending more repaying their debts tothese financial institutions than they were on public services like health andeducation. As a result, previously subsistence agricultural land and state ownedenterprises became privatized.

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Small-scale producers lacked land, water, orcapital and general welfare. Subsequently, one could say that thesecircumstances acted as push factors and with combination of pull factors peoplemoved to cities with a prospect of finding a job and better medical andeducation services.