The
comprehension of the level and scale of urbanization in developing countries is
debatable due to the lack of reliable data. In addition, the process of
urbanization is far from homogenous across these countries which showcase
significant differences in terms of economical and political backgrounds.*
Regarding Britain in 19th century, where the rapidly falling death rate,
associated with medical interventions, was once the favoured explanation for
population growth, it is generally held to be the increase in marriage and
birth rate which caused the explosion. In contrast and in my personal belief,
although high birth rates make the natural increase of the population an
important source of city growth in developing countries, the movement of people
from rural to urban areas within the country (internal migration) is the most
significant factor contributed to urban growth.

For developed countries like Britain, rapid
growth of the urban populations is an example of Industrial Revolution in which
economic growth happened parallel with industrialization. On the other hand, less
developed countries have experienced sudden expansion in urban population, but
without demonstrating significant economic progress.* In answer to this disproportionate relationship, Mike Davis outlines Global neoliberalism which prompted the
development of urban areas through foreign investment and capitalistic
industries relying on cities to function as a node in a worldwide capitalist
network. Western institutions neglected the rural regions and agricultural
industries and local governments ended up spending more repaying their debts to
these financial institutions than they were on public services like health and
education. As a result, previously subsistence agricultural land and state owned
enterprises became privatized. Small-scale producers lacked land, water, or
capital and general welfare. Subsequently, one could say that these
circumstances acted as push factors and with combination of pull factors people
moved to cities with a prospect of finding a job and better medical and
education services.

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