9594NoorUl Ain Ansari UNIT 1Backgroundto Interior DesignASSIGNMENTA  INTERIORDESIGNInterior design is the art of designing the room orbuilding for particular purpose.

There are seven elements of interior designing whichincludes:·      Space·      Light·      Form·      Texture·      Colour·      Furniture·      Objects              SPACESpace planning is the essentialcomponent of the interior design. An ideal space planning makes huge variationsto where you work or live. Earlier, specific rooms are designed for specificpurposes, but nowadays a room can be multifunctional too. For example, kitchenis designed in such a way that it is not only a cooking area but also havedining area.

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In a similar way, bedrooms are designed in such a way to makespace for dressing room. Space planning includes floor mapping. With a floormap, you’ll be able to estimate the space.

This wil help you to choose mostsuitable furniture according to the size of the room.LIGHTThe major component of interior design is light. The lightingin a home changes the mood of a room. There are many purposes of lighting suchas to carry out our tasks comfortably or for our safety to see things in light.

Good lighting ensures a warm and effective atmosphere in your home. Lighting isan important tool in interior design as it affects the way we see colours andtexture. Hence, selecting the right type of lighting in interior design helpyou to attain beautiful functional interiors. Natural lights from windows, opendoors give freshness to your home with ultimate beauty. There are a number of artificiallightings to create a room with beautiful interiors. ·      Ambient lighting·      Accent lighting AMBIENT LIGHTINGAmbient lighting enhances the glow of the room. This can beshown by lanterns and wall sconces. ACCENT LIGHTING Accent lighting is used to highlight the architectural featuresof a house such a walls, floors, furniture and wall arts in a room, halogenspotlights and table lamps can create accent lighting.

   FORMForm means shape, an outline of 3Dobject in a space. It can be created by combining two or more shapres with thehelp of other elements such a colour, texture and patterns. Scale andproportion in interior design refer to different things.

Scale refers to how anitem is related to the size of the room whereas, proportion refers to the shapeof an item and how it is connected to other parts of the room. A goodunderstanding about the elements of space and line is  required to achieve a good form.(scale)(proportion)This image shows a large artwork on thewall behind the table would focus the eye and improve the proportions of theroom.

  TEXTURETexture is a surface quality of amaterial. Every surface has a texture, it may be rough or smooth, flat orirregular. Our conception of textures are also influenced by textures ofsurfaces, wall coverings as well as lighting. For example, rough surfaces aremore textured to smooth surfaces. In commercial interior design, texture isapplied using tiles, wall coverings, carpeting and other graphic elements.

 This image is a wonderful example ofusing texture, contrast and warm colours to turn a huge space into cosy andcomfortable area.  COLOURColour is an important feature forinterior design. A well planned space can be enhacned by using suitablecolours. Coloures used for home interiors are depending on the choice of owner.

In hospitals, there are generally blue and white colour which indicatesloyalty, trust and cleanliness. However, bright colours such as red, pink,orange and yellow are for restaurants and clubs targeting young crowd. Colourschemes may vary from shining bright to a boring dull atmosphere. The coloursused in interior designing have influence on the atmosphere of the room.

Forexample, a bedroom needs very calming and relaxing so white, black or browncould be used. Black teamed with red and white is always a stunning andeye-catching colour combination. Whereas,living room has to be exciting and entertaining so yellow, green, purplecolours could be used to show enthusiasm and knowledge.   Green isalso calm and relaxing, it could also look great in the kitchen because of itsfreshness. FURNITUREFurniture isan industrial design product. This component is very important when designing aspace.

Furniture should be useful, if it doesn’t meet your needs, it won’t lastlong in your house. Interior designers focus on the purpose of the furniture,its flexibility and size that can accommodate their clients. Old and modernideas are mixed to enhance interior design and adds attractive and nostalgicfeelings to the room decorated with both antique and modern furnishings. It isstylish to combine vintage furniture, decoration accessories with the modernarchitectural interior design ideas.     Carved woodand patina with large chandeliers make modern interior décor look like morevisible, impressive and unique.   OBJECTSIt givescharacter to an interior. It includes things like wall art, antiques,sculptures etc. when decorating with the accessories it is important to keepthe space in mind.

For example, to use Victorian heirloom in a minimalist wouldbe inappropriate. Your accessories should support their environment – not workagainst it. Although objects add personality to a space, so the must be chosencarefully and accordingly with the rest of the furniture.

 Inconclusion, the end result should be something which looks beautiful andfunctional and meets the needs of the clients in perfect harmony.