Last updated: February 26, 2019
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Procedures of Measuring Psychological Research Results

Chapter 1: Introduction

Psychology is the branch of science that makes extensive studies on the behavior of humans as they try to deal with the different activities that they need to complete everyday. Researchers around the world however use different procedures of analyzing the informations that they collect from their studies. This primarily depends on the data collection that they intend to use to be able to complete their own researches. In this paper, the said procedures of data collection and analysis shall be discussed as to how effective they influence the studies that are being preceded by the researchers.

Among the procedures that are to be discussed herein are Beck Depression Inventory, Russian Beck Anxiety Inventory, Russian Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Behavioral Acculturation Scale By Birman. These procedures have been noted as the primary concerns of the researches that were continued by students as well as professionals with regards their concern on further understanding the systems of the human society including their individual differences. To understand the said procedures better, this paper shall give the overview on the processes in a clear discussion of the pros and cons of the research measurements.



Presentation of the Uses, Limitations and Scope

Of the Different study measures

The Russian Beck Inventory (RBDI)

Aaron T. Beck who believed that there is a certain process, with which depression could actually be determined and be dealt with as well, has further studied the Beck Depression Inventory. This inventory consists of twenty-one questioned multiple-choice examination given towards individuals who are perceived to have been deeply affected by the different elements of depression.  This set of questionnaires is prepared for young respondents from ages 13 and above.  The said examination aims to prove if there is a reality on the notion that students are able to perceive their subjects based on the way that they see their society or the environment that they are living in. The practicality of the subjects that are presented in school certainly helps in the proof that is needed to validate the theory mentioned above. The constancy of the idea is to particularly maintain the interest of students in class through the ability of the educators in making them see the importance of what are being presented to them and how these things relate to the way that they already perceive their society.

It has been noted that students who perceive certain negativities in their society perceive remarkable negativities on themselves as well. It could not be denied then that the social impact of the environment of humans to individuals is indeed massive. The thinking and perceiving abilities of human individuals have been noted by psychologists as the primary elements that are affected by social changes and differences. This is the primary reason why the Russian Beck Depressive inventory has been further developed. The continuous increase of the number of people who are devastatingly affected by the society and its systems makes the necessity of developing this particular examination an important factor of identifying the flaws in human behavioral developments.

Implementing this examination in students have brought about certain changes in the perception if the professionals with the reasons that bring depression among individuals. It has also paved the way to recognizing the reasons behind the students’ loss of interest with their studies in such an early age. Through the developments that are implemented for further improvement of this particular examination, experts have found out that students who were most likely failing in class are those who are most likely having doubts as follows:

The student has negative thoughts about the world, so he may come to believe he does not enjoy the class
The student has negative thoughts about his future, because he thinks he may not pass the class
The student has negative thoughts about his self, as he may feel he does not deserve to be in college
The illustrative scale of this particular examination then could be presented as follows:


Diagram 1:

The Society and Human Self-Cognition


From the diagram presented above, it could be noted that there are three major reasons why people incur negative thoughts in themselves that particularly affect their views in life and in the society as well. The cycling effect of the world’s implications on life, the future worries and the self-recognition of an individual usually connects together to be able to come up with negative thoughts that particularly makes a difference upon the individual growth of a person.


Though the presentation posted above, it is certainly obvious that the elements are affecting the minds of the people. This especially concerns the thoughts of students as well as their attitudes towards their studies in school. The resulting effects of the world’s perceptions upon individual developments of the young generation certainly depend on the process by which the human mind accepts the said changes. This then points out that people are directly depending their decisions basing on what they see in the society. Human cognition then could be noted as a process by which human individuals themselves make it certain that they are able to understand the systems of the society and live their lives accordingly to what the said systems imply on them as humans.

Researchers using the said procedure of measuring the data that are collected for a certain study usually come from the healthcare industries. Education professionals at the same time are also able to make effective use of this measurement to be able to identify certain elements that are affecting their students’ attitudes towards the necessities of completing their studies in school. By using the said process of measuring possible solutions to the problem, professionals are aided with the knowledge that they need to be able to meet certain issues in health cases as well as educational progress procedures.

The Russian Beck Anxiety Inventory

This particular measure of sample data results consist of several statements that pertain to the feelings or emotions of a person basing from outlined situations that are designed to help the examinees or the ones being observed to determine whether they are simply rightfully anxious about something or whether they are becoming overly concerned about the issue. The said statements are to be scaled by the examinees from four perspective answers. The said answers include 0=not at all; 1=bothered by the symptom; 2=moderately; 3=severely bothered. Through the said measurement scales, the examinees are expected to gain results that are amiably considered mildly anxious over the worries that they have in life.

The researchers of the said particular measure do understand that people are entitled of being strongly affected by the situations in life that entice them with doubting and worrying about things. However, there are those who are strongly affected by the said elements that they become vulnerable to depression or worse, even mental inadequacies. Could It could not be denied that with the different pressures that the human society is fronting the human individual with, it is not impossible for one to break down and give up in life. This is the reason why psychological clinicians created a way by which to determine the said problem thus give early treatments to the said mental disorder.

Through this particular measurement, the researchers as well as clinical specialists are able to find possible ways by which they are able to solve the issues that are plaguing an individual or a group of people who have been or even still within a socially pressuring situation. Anxiety is a normal part of human living, however, thriving on the elements that contribute to the development of this particular issue may bring destructive mental health disturbances within an individual’s personal development.

The Behavioral Acculturation Measurement Scale By Birman

This process of identifying the problems of the particular individuals or group of people being observed and treated with psychological therapies consist of the identification process of seeing how an adolescent is affected by being mixed with people of different cultures. With the emergence of the different reasons behind social multiculturalism, it is not impossible and thus easier to understand that people, especially that of the adolescent generation are being directly affected by the said social changes. Their perceptions and their positions in life are expected to be affected by the different cultures that they deal with everyday.

Hence, this measurement scale tries to identify if the said cultural influences also affect the individual development of the young generation. The questionnaires of this data measuring scale are designed to assist professionals in identifying the deep influence of multiculturalism in the society within the personal developments of the students as individuals. According to the developers of the said measuring scale, there are at least three common results that researchers find out within the utilization of this particular procedure of measurement:

·         Divergence

At some point, adolescents who are involved in a multicultural society is often setting apart from the cultural assessments of others as they keep on holding on to their own cultural affiliations.

·         Convergence

Those who are less culturally supported by their original traditions have the tendency of converging to the culture that is accepted by the majority.

·         Conflict

Once those who diverse against each others culture meet, it is expected that conflict is usually the result of the said meet. This usually results to social problems that involve young people who are either less or much adhering to their own original cultures.

The results that have been presented identify the fact that the young generation and their perception in the society affect the ways by which communities of humans around the world connect with each other. Most of the time, their certainty of the fact that their culture is more superior than that of the others create problems in the society and the relationship of the different people in the society. The measurement scale of the Behavioral acculturation then creates a possible way by which the people, especially the adolescents would be able to make amends with the cultural differences that they have. By doing so, it is also possible for several social groups to amend the conflicts that particularly spur out from being culturally diverse from each other.  The pursuance of the implementation of this particular measurement then helps in the linking of the diverse population of the human communities around the world.

The Revised Mississippi PTSD Scale Russian Version

This scale is based on the probability-based theory of answering the different reasons behind the effects of PTSD or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder development. From this particular measurement, healthcare professionals are able to identify the different reasons behind the impact of PTSD elements on the individual development of people who are affected by the said situation. This particular measure of reasons make it possible for the healthcare specialists in identifying the most effective procedure needed to be applied in dealing with patients who are suffering form the said mental health issue. This scale of PTSD assessment procedure is prepared for a diverse population. People of all ages and of all races are capable of answering the 16-item questionnaire and multiple choice assessment procedures. This then makes this particular measurement procedure one of the most effective ways of identifying the reasons behind the suffering of the patients being treated.

Chapter 3: Analysis of the Literature Reviewed

From the data that have been presented above, the examples cited to have a great impact on how the measurements actually affect the ways by which certain studies turned out, it could be noted that there are certain limits as well as strengths of all the kinds of measurement study respectively.

The Russian Beck Inventory (RBDI), for example, is strong in terms of studying the different issues concerned with regards the individual human development and how it is actually controlled by several outside elements. However, when it comes to more intimate elements that are affecting human development, the said process of study measurement actually comes in a weak position. On the other hand, the Russian Beck Anxiety Inventory’s strength relies on the personally opinionated statements of the person as to how he or she actually understands the development that he is feeling and seeing within himself. The Behavioral Acculturation Measurement Scale By Birman, on the other end makes it easier for a researcher to understand human development through statistical measurements on the part of the responses of the people or the respondents that are used as sources for the research.

Knowing this, it is indeed possible for the researchers to have ample understanding of the issues that they are supposed to deal with in the studies that they are trying to complete. Using the right type of measurement surely makes it easier for the researchers to complete their studies in a much reasonable process that makes their conclusions on the studies particularly practical for application.


People today are facing the different pressures that are primary results of the activities that they are expected to deal with everyday. The multiple responsibilities of individuals merged with the many issues that people have to deal with as personal issues, it is not hard to understand that the human society is indeed plagued with the many types of health and mental problems making them less capable of taking more of the pressure that they need to face.

Depression, anxiety and other mental disturbances are only among the many health problems that the human society need to deal with today. As an answer to the growing health issue, experts of health care professions try to find ways by which the said growing problem among people could be solved. The measurement scales that have been presented in this paper had been developed to assist professionals in identifying the specific problems that individual patients deal with.

With the assessment of the procedures, it could be noted that each process have certain strengths and weaknesses with the ways by which they are designed to make possible conclusions as to how a situation with which a person is involved with should be solved. The direct aim of making it possible for patients to see the importance of being rightfully cared for because of the disturbances that they are presently dealing with certainly makes these procedures of solving the issues more effective for application. Professionals who are expected to give assistance to the people who are directly affected by the pressures that the society brings to the individual development of other people are certainly helped well with the implementation of the different processes of identifying the problems as discussed in this paper.

However, the effectiveness of the said procedures could only be applied if the patients or individuals being helped would actually submit to the process and thus cooperate with the testing and written-based observations that need to be completed.


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