A. The family was
integrated not only by parents and children, but also by slaves. All the
members owed absolute obedience to the father (pater familias), who within the
home was chief, judge and priest; his rights were absolute; he could even sell
his wife or children as slaves. The women had to worry about the education of
the children, the work of the slaves and receiving the guests. In the imperial
era they acquired more autonomy, they could dispose of their property to make a
will, choose who to marry, etc. However, Roman women lacked civil and political
rights.

 

 The emperors recreated the town with large and
repeated parties. The Romans went to the theater where they played comedies,
tragedies, farces and pantomimes. They also went to the circus, where there
were watched horse races.

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4. Attire:

Poor people wore a
tunic, a piece of wool or linen tied at the waist by a belt.

Women’s clothes
consisted of a long tunic that reached to the ankles, which were put over a
basic tunic. Over the tunic they wore a light mantle or veil of varied colors.

The wealthiest
citizens wore clothes made with silk or cotton fabrics.

 

 

 

5. Inventions:

                A. Aqueducts: they were a real
help for the emergence of great cities of the empire.

                B. The concrete: some of their
buildings, such as the Colosseum, the great Pantheon, were built with concrete.

                C. Newspaper:  It consisted
of plates of rock and carved metal where the most important news of the day were
communicated.

                D. Roads and highways: they
created roads and what today would be the highways.

                E. The Julian calendar: is the
ancestor of the Gregorian calendar and is based on the movement of the Sun for
the measurement of time.

                F. Candles: Romans invented the
first modern candles.

                G.
Weighing machine: Romans invented this instrument to weigh goods