Last updated: August 11, 2019
Topic: LawGovernment
Sample donated:

A Discussion of the Koran’s Role in Islamic Life

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The term “Islam,” which is Arabic in origin, literally means “submission” or “surrender”, signifying the submission of man to the will of Allah, as expounded upon in the Koran. The Koran (or Qur’an, the literal Arabic for “recitation”), is regarded by Muslims as the Word of Allah as delivered by the angel Gabriel to Muhammad. The Koran was sent by Allah to Muhammad as a prescriptive set of directives on how man must live a moral, righteous life.

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The Koran (or Qur’an) mainly deals with the relationship of humans with Allah. The Koran calls on humans to recognize the supreme power of Allah over the universe, and thus over the lives of humans everywhere; thus humans must realize the importance of submitting to Allah’s will, and must be grateful to Allah.

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The Koran describes itself as a guide for the human race. The Koran has directives and precepts for conduct, directives that encompass the whole of a person’s life. According to the Koran, the primary human undertaking is that of moral struggle, where every person will ultimately become accountable for the life he has lead. In the Koran humans are described as generally rebellious and prideful, and pride is seen a cardinal sin; the fate of non-believers and the ungrateful is described in the Koran.

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Allah is depicted as being infinitely just and merciful (although also capable of anger). Contrary to the Christian belief that man was created in God’s own image (which is considered in Islam as insulting to Allah), the Islamic belief, as taken from the Koran, is that man was not created in Allah’s image, and that Allah does not have (most of) the anthropomorphic attributes of the Christian God.

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The importance of the family is expounded on in the Koran. The responsibility of caring is placed upon those who are stronger for those who are weaker. In particular, there are many specific rules set out by the Koran on how women are to be treated. The Koran states that women shall have rights similar to those exercised against them, meaning that there is ultimately a balance of rights and responsibilities that is appropriate for the relative weakness of women and the relative strength of men.

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Also, according to the Koran, in a family both men and women have proportionate and equitable duties and rights. The Koran also provides for higher levels of protection and care for the weaker members of society (women, particularly).

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Marriage is seen as the strongest bond present in human life. In marriage, women are expected to take care of the home, while men are expected to go out into the world and earn a living. It is in this arrangement where the applicability of the above directive (that women shall have rights similar to those exercised against them)  can be found. While women are limited in their rights as pertains to the (dangerous) outside world, they preside over and are in charge of the home. The converse is true for men. Furthermore, a women has rights over her property; a woman’s property cannot be inherited by the husband against her will.

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The Koran’s precepts on how life should be conducted encompass almost every aspect of life, and thus for Muslims it is not only the basis of moral and spiritual correctness, but is also foundation of Islamic culture and government.