A funny person once
said “My body produces insulin like how a cow produces rainbow. It just doesn’t
happen.” Diabetes is getting more prevalent in Singapore and it is a national
concern.  According to Prime Minister Lee
Hsien Loong, he mentioned that many citizens do not take diabetes seriously
that it has become a serious problem (Baker, 2017). Hence, the government is
resulting in conformity and obedience to encourage the nation to go for regular
check-ups and to watch their dietary habits.

Diabetes
mellitus, or simply diabetes, is a chronic condition that occurs where there
are raised levels of glucose in the blood because the body cannot produce any
or enough of the hormone insulin or use insulin effectively (DeFronzo, Ferrannini,
Zimmet, et al, 2015). There are 2 different types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type
2 Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not produce insulin.
(MedicalNewsToday Editorial Team, 2016). While Type 2 Diabetes occurs when the
body either becomes resistant to insulin, resulting in an abnormally high level
of sugar in your blood or your pancreas does not produce enough insulin for the
cells in your body (Singhealth, 2014).

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An increased risk
in Type 2 Diabetes is normally due to a
sedentary lifestyle and physical inactivity (Hu, Li, Olditz, et al, 2003) and
these lead to obesity and weight gain (Haffner, 1998). This is an epidemic
concern as Singapore could hit obesity
rates of 15% in just seven years if nothing is done (Lai, 2017). If obesity
rates increase, the risks of getting diabetes also increase.

Globally, more
than 400 million adults lived with this condition in 2015 and the number is
expected to rise above 640 million, or one in ten adults by 2040 (International
Diabetes Federation, 2017). In Singapore, over
400,000 Singaporeans live with this disease. One in three Singaporeans has a
lifetime risk of getting diabetes and the number of those with diabetes is subjected
to reach one million by 2050 (Ministry of Health, 2017). This is a
serious health concern as it is the leading
cause of blindness, kidney failure and lower limb amputations in the world (New
Zealand Institute of Health and Fitness, 2018). With about 1,200 people with
diabetes undergo amputation in Singapore every year (Baker, 2017), the government
has placed severe emphasis on diabetes to warn people about the serious effects
of it. To tackle this issue, they have started War on Diabetes in April 2016.