Abda Abdalla Emam (2008)1 aimed at highlighting on economics of fish production and marketing in Khartoum State, Sudan; during 2008/09season. Studying the socioeconomic characteristicsof fishermen, calculating production cost and identifying the different production factors of productionrepresent secondary objectives.
Primarydata was collected by using questionnaire. 75 fishermen were interviewed using random sampling. Thesecondary data was collected from differentsources related to the area of the study. Descriptive statistics and quantitativeanalysis techniques were used.
Also,Coefficient of Private Profitability (CPP) measure was used beside return per Sudanese pound invested. The resultsrevealed that about 52% of thefishermen education ranges between primary and secondary school. About 46.7% of them have working experiencesmore than 9 years. Also, return per Sudanesepound invested showed that the business of fisheries was viable. CPP was more than unity which indicated that theproduction of fish was profitable at producingand/or the present price level.
The study recommended that developing and modernizing the means of productionand packaging and encouraging investment inthis profitable and viable business.JobaerAlam and Rumana Yasmin (2010)2conducteda study at fish marketing system in Swarighat, Dhaka, attempts to studythe existing marketing system, economic features of marketing activitiesand inefficiencies. This study attempts to identify infrastructure facilities,present market structure, nature of costs, profit margins and the factorinfluence the marketing system. In Swarighat, almost all fish tradedinternally move through the private sector where a large number of people aredealing with fish distribution and marketing system.
The market chain from producersto retailers goes onward through a number of intermediaries: traders, broker,radar, wholesalers, mahajans, and dadondars. On the basis of a sample of 20traders from the market, the usual amount of the daily turnover of fish in thismarket is between 2.5 and 3 million and the volume varies relying on thevariation in catches during peak or off-season. Virtually, most of the fish(Near about 60%) is locally supplied, near about 40% brings in from all overthe country including Cox’s Bazar, Teknaf, Chittagong, Mohangang, Chandpur,Barisal, Kuliarchar, Jessor and Satkhira, Khulna, Bicrompur, Mymensingh.
Themarine fish supply and freshwater fish supply amount is near about 20% and 80% respectively.It is estimated that nearly about 15% of fish supplied in markets is Indianmajor carps, 10% exotic carps, 5% other carps, 25% hilsa, 10% catfish, 5% snake-heads,3%live-fish, 5% small indigenous fish, 7% prawn and shrimp, 5% tilapia and 10%others including small chingri and marine fishes. Market structure, speciesquality, size and weight have an influence on the price of fish and it was obtainedfrom the survey that the price of fish increases per kilogram with size andspecies wise. A great amount of profit is made by all traders in the market ina successful manner.1 AbdaAbdalla Emam and Eglal A/rahiem Saied Economics of Fish Production andMarketing: A Case Study of Khartoum State, Sudan Journal of Applied SciencesResearch, 6(10): 1533-1538, 20102 Jobaer Alam and Rumana Yasmin conducted a study at fishmarketing system in Swarighat, Dhaka ,2010; 8(12)