In his fictional adventure novel, Alice in Wonderland, Lewis Carroll applies satirical reflections in his characters that relate to certain human characteristics and tendencies in society. These aspects are vividly presented in Carroll’s characters of the Queen of Hearts, the Mock Turtle, and Alice. These three characters are instituted with the characteristics of jumping to conclusions, embellishing in the past, and a child’s development through experience. In the novel, the Queen of Hearts is a domineering tyrant with the tendency to yell “Off with his head! ever so often, typically during each of Alice’s encounter with the character. Upon many situations, the Queen tends to infer without thinking, which leads to rash decisions that often causes the lives of others. In the final event of Alice’s adventure, the Queen accuses the Knave for stealing tarts and orders for him to be beheaded, “The Queen of Hearts, she made some tarts, all on a summer day: The Knave of Hearts, he stole those tarts, and took them quite away! ” (Chapter 11).
The courtroom is filled with characters that Alice has encountered throughout her journey; in the middle of the courtroom are tarts that have been prepared on a large dish. The domineering Queen is a great representative of the people in society who tend to jump to conclusions. In many situations, it is easier for people to infer what has happened rather than to research thoroughly for the facts and make a genuine conclusion. Lewis Carroll stresses this by creating the The Mock Turtle is another character that presents satirical reflections on certain human characteristics.
In her encounter with the Mock Turtle, Alice finds that he is a gloomy, sobbing turtle who, in his current state, is hopeless and despondent. The only time the Mock Turtle is able to find happiness is in his memories of his youth; he is fond of speaking about his history and embellishes on his past. When asked to tell his story, The Mock Turtle suddenly becomes lively and even reaches a point where he begins to dance with the Gryphon. The Mock Turtle is a representative of the characteristic that many people have of embellishing in the past.
Lewis Carroll critiques people’s constant relation between their present state and their past state He vividly illustrates the possible consequences of people’s tendencies in being stuck with their pasts and never wishing to move on. Throughout her journey, Alice faces a great deal of situations that challenge her maturity. In the beginning of her adventure, Alice is considered immature, often interrupting without thought while one person speaks. Her pace of development increases significantly as she encounters the unique characters of Wonderland.
Near the end of her adventure, Alice thinks before she acts and uses logic to make wise decisions. In the start of her journey, in her encounter with the Mouse, the Duck, the Dodo, the Eaglet, and the Lory, Alice often interrupted the Mouse’s dry history lesson, asking questions that simply pop into her head. Her development in maturity is presented at the end of the adventure during her meeting with the Mock Turtle; Alice is hesitant to interrupt the turtle’s story as the turtle sits in silence, choosing not to say a word and simply wait for the turtle to commence.
Like Alice, people, initially children, are shown why their immature actions are not fit for society; they notices their mistakes and, through experience, gradually develop into mature members of society. In his adventure novel, Lewis Carroll applies satirical reflections in his characters that relate to people’s characteristics and tendencies. These aspects are presented in Carroll’s characters of the Queen of Hearts, the Mock Turtle, and Alice, who represent the people who often jump to conclusions, embellish in the past, and realize their inefficiencies through experience.