Last updated: July 21, 2019
Topic: ScienceMedicine
Sample donated:

Ariel RoseMrs. BensonEnglish 9H-222 December 2017The Eye That Sees All”Success makes so many people hate you. I wish it wasn’t that way. It would be wonderful to enjoy success without seeing envy in the eyes of those around you”, said Marilyn Monroe. In the Egyptian myth, the Eye of Horus, Seth’s(Set) jealousy of Horus influenced Seth to make irrational decisions. The Eye of Horus is an Egyptian myth that is told with differing variables(for example, what happens to the eye after it is removed from Horus), and how the eye itself affected people’s everyday lives. The representation of the Eye is something that people reference even today. People use it now to portray a specific meaning.The Eye of Horus is a very prominent story in Egyptian mythology, but everyone has their own version. Assmann, the author of the article, “Eyes of Horus” writes:The temporary or permanent loss of both or one of Horus’ eyes was a common Egyptian myth. The aggressor was normally Seth, whose  attack put the whole cosmos in danger. Sometimes, it is said that Horus rescued his own eye, but the idea of the eye given  to Horus by another deity is more commonly spoken. This “whole/completed” eye was known as the wedjat or udjat. (“Eyes of Horus”) Seth is a wily god with many tricks up his sleeve, like being able to take the form of any animal or human, while Horus is an honest and just god and doesn’t have to rely on tricks. The belief in these gods was most prominent in the Egyptian Empire, but it lasted even after the fall of the empire. Assmann also explains:In one of the many interpretations of the story, Seth tears out the eyes of Horus in a fit of rage. He then buries them on a mountainside where they grow into lotus flowers. In a similar story, the eyes are buried and somebody waters them and gives them life, which creates the first grapes in the process. (“The Eye of Horus”)Even though the story of the Eye of Horus is one of the foundations of the religion of the Egyptians, people still tell the tale their own way.After the bickering between Seth and Horus subsided, there was damage to the reputation of Seth, but also a new array of opportunities. One example is how people worship certain gods in specific ways. Fleischmann, author of the article “Horus and the City of Pe”, briefly explains: When people worshipping Horus took over the Nile delta, Horus was incorporated into the greater Egyptian pantheon, while Seth’s story was revised to make him look like an evil, hated deity. This citation could be interpreted as it being feasible that this is an historical fact rather than a myth. After the conflict between Seth and Horus ended, deities were portrayed differently based only on the story, not previous good or bad deeds. Large population areas can be very influential in setting trends and popular beliefs. Fleischmann analyzes the variety of myths, and interprets: Since the city of Pe was a cultural hub at the time, the sun god Ra’s endorsement of Horus both makes Horus a great person and weakens the religious and political power normally associated with Seth. (“Horus and the City of Pe”). When people in a influential city have a belief, small communities generally follow it. For example, when a place like New York City starts a trend, people in a location such as Albany would generally take part in the trend. Even though people generally forget about the positive and focus on the negative, the positive in the result of this myth was extremely important in the religion of the Egyptians. The author of “Horus and the City of Pe” perfectly explains it like:This narrative includes the maiming of Horus, whose left eye is permanently damaged by Set. Horus was often portrayed in falcon form, and the passing of the Sun and moon across the sky were explained as his two eyes shining as he traversed the earth. The fact that the moon is always dimmer than the sun is explained by this story, as the magical eye is no longer fully able to radiate its light after the injury.Seth’s injury of Horus, explains why the moon is dimmer than the Sun. At the time of this myth, people didn’t understand certain astronomical anomalies, so this myth was used to explain some unanswered questions. Even though the conflict was brutal, it made positive improvements in Egyptian society.After the eye was injured, the Eye of Horus reemerged as an symbol in the culture of Egypt. Assemann perefectly described that even after death, the Horus eye was prevalent. “Once the eye was restored to Horus, he used it to revive his murdered father, Osiris. In commemoration of this event, a wedjat eye was often placed over the evisceration wound on a mummy to make the body whole again.” (“Eye of Horus”) Even with the setback of losing an eye, the removed eye was used to make dead people whole again. Representing that even after tragedy, people can come back stronger. Assmann interprets the advancement44 as: The conflict and aftermath of this particular myth does not just explain astronomical events, it is used in mathematics. The six parts of the wedjat eye  were used in hieroglyphic script to write fractions for standard grain measure. Herbs used in Egyptian medicine were measure based on the wedjat eye. (“Eye of Horus”)After all of the fighting and rebuilding, Horus and Ra are still revered within Egyptian culture as “good” gods, while Seth is poorly regarded as being an “evil” god. When someone becomes successful, others may get jealous and try to undermine their success due to envy. Seth took many actions to undermine Horus. In the end, Seth is still disrespected and Horus is portrayed as good, despite all the actions Seth took.