Around1137 to 1144, a new cathedral style came onto the scene that was important tothe Gothic Era. The inventor of this new style had achieved both spiritual andpolitical goal through his successful work is Abbot Suger. This rare style ofthe Gothic cathedral became popular over the years and spread throughout Europeand the whole world.
Sugerwas the inventor of the Gothic style for cathedrals. He was born in 1084 inFrance near Paris. In his early life, his parents deposited him at a young age.He was given as an oblate to the abbey of St.
Denis, where he started hiseducation to become a monk. Suger met Louis VI and became close friends withhim. Later on in the future, Louis VI became a French king and Suger was hisadviser. When Louis VII was away for a while, Suger was chosen to administerFrance. In 1122, Suger became an historian of Saint-Denis which gave him a specialspot in French history. Suger design a plan to rebuild and make enlarge theCarolingian church of Saint- Denis. He wanted to make a spiritual spot forFrench and create a new style for the church.
He started to build the Cathedralaround 1137. Gothiccathedral expressed a unique fusion of form and space. Gothic cathedralcontained compositional components that all together characterized the styleincluding solid curves that assistance frames a building’s rooftop, pointedcurves, and flying backings. The Romanesque style of Cathedral that precededthe Gothic relied upon the utilization of semicircular curves as auxiliarycomponents and to make roof angled at the rooftop. The outline approach of the semicircularcurves limited the height of the bay, for it required the height to beequivalent to the width.
This property therefore requested the building ofheavy support columns and pour down of an arch to span large areas. This tendedto confine the height of the exterior walls and brought about of working with asquat, substantial impact. AbbotSuger and his architects utilized the guided curve which empowered them toincrease the height of the vault to new and exceptionally captivating. Theseheights became noticeably conceivable by the property of the pointed curve, forit could spring to any height and span any separation along as the two sides ofthe curve adjusted in size and pitch. The adaptability additionally made itconceivable to bulid vaults with even crowns with no loss of quality. Moresignificantly the pointed curve made it conceivable to build cathedrals with oblongor rectangular formed naives.
Additionally the architects found they could buildeven higher walls than before, if supported remotely by the utilization of ahalf pointed curve which became known as the flying support. The resultingunique Gothic plan joined these components creating a rectangular nave withremotely upheld high thin walls topped with lofty pointed curve rooftop. Theimpact attracted consideration regarding the vertical over the horizontal,reverberating the religious topic of the triumph of the spiritual over thematerial.Theinfluence of Abbot Suger’s invention of the Gothic cathedral grew and spreadaround the world. Other regions were inspired by Europe design, so the createdtheir own unique Gothic style for their architecture. The flexibility shown thestrength of the basic gothic design elements, but most importantly this design createdthe architectural elements into a unique form that well matched the religious feelingsof the religious time in history.