As
long as they treat these policies and legislations as what they are and follow
them unless the need arises where they need to break them, then the services
can provide an exceptionally safe and helpful service.

 

It
is important that the public services stick to these policies and legislations.
Although sometimes it does pay off on split second decisions such as pulling
someone out of a burning car even though legislation says not to do this as it
is a bigger risk and more than just the people in the car can be harmed. But
it’s the nature of the public services to help as best they can and many put
others safety over their own.

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Conclusion:

 

It
ensures everyone knows what they are doing through guidelines and
specifications and helpful operating guides.

 

It
helps organise specialist teams who can work on high priority tasks and
highlights where specialist training is needed.

 

This
is how the job is done. It provides terms of reference which is the job
description, essentially it is the “do’s and don’ts” of the job.

 

Methods of operating:

 

 

Each
service has its own specialist equipment to provide safety to its employees and
those they deal with. This equipment will be used so that they can provide the
best possible service.

 

Specialist equipment:

 

Audio/video
recording must be used to prove officers are adhering to rules and regulations.

 

If
for example they are in a high-speed pursuit a running commentary must be
provided by the leading pursuit vehicle in order for others to catch up and
intercept the offender.

 

Secondly,
they must use lights and sirens in order to warn anyone they are approaching
that they are coming in at speed. This allows for people to act quickly and
move out of the way or not cross the road etc.

 

First
of all, rules are set for the emergency drivers, in order to even begin driving
at high speed they must be advanced driver trained.

 

Whilst
travelling to an incident it usually means that the emergency services are
travelling at high speeds on public roads. In order to travel safely without
endangering themselves or other road users.

 

High speed driving:

 

As
well as this, if the public were not held back or roads blocked off or traffic
was controlled then it could also make the situation worse by more people
getting injured. For example, the police close roads off when a car collision
has occurred. If they did not do this then the number of cars that are involved
in the collision could rise as people are not aware that there is a collision
ahead so therefore they can be travelling at high speeds – especially on a
motorway – and then collide with the vehicles originally involved in the
incident.

 

The
services have a very important job whilst dealing with an emergency incident as
they are responsible for keeping public order. If they were not to consider the
public, it would make life a lot more difficult for them when dealing with an
emergency as they would get people interfering and attempting to help which
could potentially make the situation worse.

 

The public:

 

For
instance, a few things that would be considered are:

 

Other
than just legislations to be safe during their job, the public services must
consider safety on the go.

 

Considerations:

 

 

In
this situation they services would use the right equipment such as the Jaws of
Life for the fire service, and they would use these in order to provide a safe
service. This would greatly reduce the risk of injury to the victim as they
aren’t being moved, the obstacles are.

If
they were to not be caring and careful then they could harm someone that they
are wrongly removing from the vehicle. They could aggravate a back injury.

A
car crash is a common occurrence for the public services. But this doesn’t mean
that they deal with it any different. The services would ensure that they
follow the appropriate procedures in order to safely extract each person in the
car.

Car accidents:

Also all of the public services also need to ensure
that in situations like this that they are using the proper equipment in the
right way. The fire service would use personal protective equipment, as for
example, if the fire service were not wearing their appropriate gear they would
be endangering themselves. This could further cause them to become another
victim in this already dangerous situation.

 

Before the emergency services begin to deal with
situations of this hazardous nature they follow the previously mentioned procedures.
Safety measures for the public services would be very important in situations
like this because if they were to just go into a situation without planning or
notice of regulations then they could be making the problem worse by not being
careful and possibly causing themselves and their colleagues harm.

 

 If for instance there is chemical spillage on
the M6 motorway, the public and the environment will be in extreme risk. Once
this has happened the emergency services must take the right course of action
in order to deal with it safely and not creating anymore risk.

Chemical spillages:

The fire service needs to ensure that they take
these appropriate measures because they would be putting themselves at risk of
becoming another victim in the incident if they didn’t follow proper procedure.

 

 In situations
such as warehouse fires, it is very important that the fire service wear/use
their PPE gear, this will include Fire-fighting suits, gloves and boots,
Protective headwear for fire-fighting and building collapses, self-contained
breathing apparatus for entering smoke-filled buildings and visors and goggles.

 

Fire incidents are extremely dangerous as the fire
can cut off exits which gets people trapped. The inhalation of smoke would then
kill the person. This goes for the people who respond too, the fire service
must keep to regulations in order to save lives but also to not risk any more
lives.

 

Fires are one of the largest causes of accidental
deaths in the UK. Around 500 people die a year in accidental house fires and
250 in vehicle fires.

Fires:

All
these regulations and policies will be used when dealing with incidents, these
incidents could be:

It’s
important for people to do this as it helps the fire service prevent the risk
of a fire. However, if there is a fire they will be able to find out what may
have caused the fire as all the hazards and risks have been identified. This
means they can get straight to work on tackling the fire. And secure the
ignition point so that the fire does not spread.

Consider
who may be especially at risk.
Eliminate
or reduce the risk from fire as far as is reasonably practical and provide
general fire precautions to deal with any risk.
Take
additional measures to ensure fire safety where flammable or explosive
materials are used or stored.
Create a
plan to deal with any emergency and where necessary record any
findings.
Maintain
general fire precautions, and facilities provided for use by
fire-fighters.
Keep any
findings of the risk assessment under review.

The
Fire Safety Order places an emphasis on risk reduction and fire prevention.
Under the Order, people responsible for commercial buildings such as the
employer, owner, or any other person who has control of any part of the
premises, are required to carry out a mandatory detailed fire risk assessment
identifying the risks and hazards in the premises. The risk assessment must be
recorded if you have a total of five or more employees.  The
responsible person for the premises is also required to:

 

Fire safety regulations:

 

 

·        
Official information and public relations

 

·        
Ceremonial

 

·        
General legal matters

 

·        
Duties of commanders

 

·        
Command within the army

 

·        
Command and composition of the army

 

These
aspects are:

 

The
regulations provide key aspects that must be followed to have a safe and
duty-bound workforce.

 

The
regulations lay down the policy and procedure that the army is to follow by.
The regulations provide commanding officers with direction on the command and
administration off their units. It helps maintain the efficiency which
determines the effectiveness of the army overall.

 

·        
There are separate editions of the Queen’s
Regulations for each of the United Kingdom’s armed forces

 

It
is a collection of orders and regulations in force in the Royal Navy,
British Army,
Royal Air
Force, and Commonwealth Forces, where the Queen is Head of State,
forming guidance for officers of these armed services in all matters of
discipline and personal conduct.

 

Regulations
for the British armed forces issued by the crown —used when the British monarch
is a queen.

 

Queens regulations:

 

Officers
must follow these codes to provide a safe and just service.

Code A – the
exercise by police officers of statutory powers to stop and search
Code B – searches
of premises by police officers and seizure of property found by police
officers on persons or premises
Code C – the
detention, treatment and questioning of persons by police officers
Code D – the
identification of persons by police officers
Code E – the audio
recording of interviews with suspects at police stations
Code F – the
visual recording of interviews with suspects at police stations
Code G – the
statutory power of arrest by police officers
Code H – the
detention, treatment and questioning of persons under Section 41

Codes
of Practice

 

The
Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 is the act that governs the major part of
police powers of investigation including, arrest, detention, interrogation,
entry and search of premises, personal search and the taking of samples. Also,
part of this legislation is the PACE Codes of Practice, which police officers
should consider and refer to when carrying out various procedures associated
with their work. The Act attempts to strike a fair balance between the exercise
of power by those in authority and the rights of members of the public.

 

Pace:  

 

Other
regulations that must be considered are:

 

 

 

 

 

 

·        
Facilities for rest and to eat meals.

·        
facilities for changing clothing

·        
accommodation for clothing

·        
drinking water

·        
falls or falling objects

·        
condition of floors and traffic routes

·        
work stations and seating

·        
room dimensions and space

·        
cleanliness and waste materials

lighting

·        
windows and transparent or
translucent doors, gates and walls
·        
windows, skylights and
ventilators
·        
ability to clean windows,
etc. safely
·        
organization, etc. of
traffic routes
·        
doors and gates
·        
escalators and moving
walkways
·        
sanitary conveniences
·        
washing facilities
 

 

·        

·        
temperature in indoor workplaces

·        
ventilation

·        
maintenance of the workplace, equipment, devices and
systems

The
regulations cover all aspects of the working environment, including:

These
regulations are concerned with the working environment. They place a duty on
employers to make sure that the workplace is safe and suitable for the tasks being
carried out there, and that it does not present risks to employees and others.

Workplace
regulations 1992:

Employees
must work safely in accordance with their training and instructions given to
them. Employees must also notify the employer or the person responsible for
health and safety of any serious or immediate danger to health and safety or
any shortcoming in health and safety arrangements.

Employers
must also decide to ensure the health and safety of the workplace, including
planning for emergencies, adequate information and training for employees, and
for health surveillance where appropriate.

 The
Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 places a duty on
employers to assess and manage risks to their employees and others arising from
work activities.

Management of health and safety at
work regulations 1999:

Known as RIDDOR, these regulations require employers, the
self-employed and people in control of premises, to report work-related deaths,
major injuries, work-related diseases and dangerous occurrences.

Reporting of injuries, diseases
and dangerous occurrences regulation 1995:

assess
the risks
decide
what precautions are needed
prevent
or adequately control exposure
ensure
that control measures are used and maintained
monitor
the exposure
carry
out appropriate health surveillance
prepare
plans and procedures to deal with accidents, incidents and emergencies
ensure
employees are properly informed, trained and supervised

The
measures are:

The
COSHH regulations specify the eight measures that employers must follow to
prevent or limit their employees’ exposure to hazardous substances. 

Control
of substances hazardous to health 1992:

·        
Controlling the keeping, use and possession of dangerous
substances.

·        
Protecting others against risks to health or safety
about the activities of persons at work

·        
Protecting the health, safety and welfare of people
at work

      

It needs to be followed by the services to ensure they
are working safely and they do this by:

 

Health and Safety at Work Act 1994:

 

Some of the acts that they must follow are:

 

When
the public services are responding to the variety of different incidents that
they are called to, they should ensure that they are abiding by the health and
safety legislations

 

M3:

 

When the public services are responding to the
variety of different incidents that they are called to, they should ensure that
they are abiding by the health and safety legislations, to guarantee that the
scene is a safe working environment, to do this, they must consider, how to
protect the health, safety and welfare of people at work and how to protect
others against risks to health or safety about the activities of persons at
work but also to control the keeping, use and possession of dangerous
substances.

 

 

·        
Cones- are used effectively to move traffic into a
lane or to close a lane of a motorway in advance of an accident ahead, like
barriers they show where not to go to keep areas clear.

 

·        
Barriers- This is an effective way of showing people
where not to go, it ensures that the scene will be kept clear.

 

·        
Warning signs of an incident ahead-These may be
given miles in advance of an incident. Portable warning signs can be put on the
side of a road nearer the scene. The signs will allow for drivers to recognise
there is an incident up ahead and are able to adjust speed accordingly.

 

 

victim in the incident, some of the safety measures
that are used at the scene of an accident to protect the emergency personnel
and members of the public are: