Aslong as they treat these policies and legislations as what they are and followthem unless the need arises where they need to break them, then the servicescan provide an exceptionally safe and helpful service.  Itis important that the public services stick to these policies and legislations.Although sometimes it does pay off on split second decisions such as pullingsomeone out of a burning car even though legislation says not to do this as itis a bigger risk and more than just the people in the car can be harmed.

Butit’s the nature of the public services to help as best they can and many putothers safety over their own.  Conclusion: Itensures everyone knows what they are doing through guidelines andspecifications and helpful operating guides.  Ithelps organise specialist teams who can work on high priority tasks andhighlights where specialist training is needed.  Thisis how the job is done. It provides terms of reference which is the jobdescription, essentially it is the “do’s and don’ts” of the job.

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 Methods of operating:  Eachservice has its own specialist equipment to provide safety to its employees andthose they deal with. This equipment will be used so that they can provide thebest possible service. Specialist equipment:  Audio/videorecording must be used to prove officers are adhering to rules and regulations. Iffor example they are in a high-speed pursuit a running commentary must beprovided by the leading pursuit vehicle in order for others to catch up andintercept the offender.  Secondly,they must use lights and sirens in order to warn anyone they are approachingthat they are coming in at speed. This allows for people to act quickly andmove out of the way or not cross the road etc.  Firstof all, rules are set for the emergency drivers, in order to even begin drivingat high speed they must be advanced driver trained.

 Whilsttravelling to an incident it usually means that the emergency services aretravelling at high speeds on public roads. In order to travel safely withoutendangering themselves or other road users.  High speed driving: Aswell as this, if the public were not held back or roads blocked off or trafficwas controlled then it could also make the situation worse by more peoplegetting injured. For example, the police close roads off when a car collisionhas occurred. If they did not do this then the number of cars that are involvedin the collision could rise as people are not aware that there is a collisionahead so therefore they can be travelling at high speeds – especially on amotorway – and then collide with the vehicles originally involved in theincident.

 Theservices have a very important job whilst dealing with an emergency incident asthey are responsible for keeping public order. If they were not to consider thepublic, it would make life a lot more difficult for them when dealing with anemergency as they would get people interfering and attempting to help whichcould potentially make the situation worse.  The public:  Forinstance, a few things that would be considered are: Otherthan just legislations to be safe during their job, the public services mustconsider safety on the go.  Considerations:   Inthis situation they services would use the right equipment such as the Jaws ofLife for the fire service, and they would use these in order to provide a safeservice. This would greatly reduce the risk of injury to the victim as theyaren’t being moved, the obstacles are. Ifthey were to not be caring and careful then they could harm someone that theyare wrongly removing from the vehicle.

They could aggravate a back injury.Acar crash is a common occurrence for the public services. But this doesn’t meanthat they deal with it any different. The services would ensure that theyfollow the appropriate procedures in order to safely extract each person in thecar.

Car accidents:Also all of the public services also need to ensurethat in situations like this that they are using the proper equipment in theright way. The fire service would use personal protective equipment, as forexample, if the fire service were not wearing their appropriate gear they wouldbe endangering themselves. This could further cause them to become anothervictim in this already dangerous situation.  Before the emergency services begin to deal withsituations of this hazardous nature they follow the previously mentioned procedures.Safety measures for the public services would be very important in situationslike this because if they were to just go into a situation without planning ornotice of regulations then they could be making the problem worse by not beingcareful and possibly causing themselves and their colleagues harm.

  If for instance there is chemical spillage onthe M6 motorway, the public and the environment will be in extreme risk. Oncethis has happened the emergency services must take the right course of actionin order to deal with it safely and not creating anymore risk. Chemical spillages:The fire service needs to ensure that they takethese appropriate measures because they would be putting themselves at risk ofbecoming another victim in the incident if they didn’t follow proper procedure.  In situationssuch as warehouse fires, it is very important that the fire service wear/usetheir PPE gear, this will include Fire-fighting suits, gloves and boots,Protective headwear for fire-fighting and building collapses, self-containedbreathing apparatus for entering smoke-filled buildings and visors and goggles. Fire incidents are extremely dangerous as the firecan cut off exits which gets people trapped. The inhalation of smoke would thenkill the person. This goes for the people who respond too, the fire servicemust keep to regulations in order to save lives but also to not risk any morelives.

 Fires are one of the largest causes of accidentaldeaths in the UK. Around 500 people die a year in accidental house fires and250 in vehicle fires. Fires:Allthese regulations and policies will be used when dealing with incidents, theseincidents could be: It’simportant for people to do this as it helps the fire service prevent the riskof a fire. However, if there is a fire they will be able to find out what mayhave caused the fire as all the hazards and risks have been identified. Thismeans they can get straight to work on tackling the fire. And secure theignition point so that the fire does not spread.

Consider who may be especially at risk. Eliminate or reduce the risk from fire as far as is reasonably practical and provide general fire precautions to deal with any risk. Take additional measures to ensure fire safety where flammable or explosive materials are used or stored. Create a plan to deal with any emergency and where necessary record any findings.

Maintain general fire precautions, and facilities provided for use by fire-fighters. Keep any findings of the risk assessment under review. TheFire Safety Order places an emphasis on risk reduction and fire prevention.Under the Order, people responsible for commercial buildings such as theemployer, owner, or any other person who has control of any part of thepremises, are required to carry out a mandatory detailed fire risk assessmentidentifying the risks and hazards in the premises. The risk assessment must berecorded if you have a total of five or more employees.  Theresponsible person for the premises is also required to:  Fire safety regulations:   ·        Official information and public relations ·        Ceremonial  ·        General legal matters  ·        Duties of commanders ·        Command within the army ·        Command and composition of the army  Theseaspects are:  Theregulations provide key aspects that must be followed to have a safe andduty-bound workforce.  Theregulations lay down the policy and procedure that the army is to follow by.

The regulations provide commanding officers with direction on the command andadministration off their units. It helps maintain the efficiency whichdetermines the effectiveness of the army overall.  ·        There are separate editions of the Queen’sRegulations for each of the United Kingdom’s armed forces Itis a collection of orders and regulations in force in the Royal Navy,British Army,Royal AirForce, and Commonwealth Forces, where the Queen is Head of State,forming guidance for officers of these armed services in all matters ofdiscipline and personal conduct.

 Regulationsfor the British armed forces issued by the crown —used when the British monarchis a queen. Queens regulations:  Officersmust follow these codes to provide a safe and just service. Code A – the exercise by police officers of statutory powers to stop and search Code B – searches of premises by police officers and seizure of property found by police officers on persons or premises Code C – the detention, treatment and questioning of persons by police officers Code D – the identification of persons by police officers Code E – the audio recording of interviews with suspects at police stations Code F – the visual recording of interviews with suspects at police stations Code G – the statutory power of arrest by police officers Code H – the detention, treatment and questioning of persons under Section 41Codesof Practice ThePolice and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 is the act that governs the major part ofpolice powers of investigation including, arrest, detention, interrogation,entry and search of premises, personal search and the taking of samples. Also,part of this legislation is the PACE Codes of Practice, which police officersshould consider and refer to when carrying out various procedures associatedwith their work. The Act attempts to strike a fair balance between the exerciseof power by those in authority and the rights of members of the public. Pace:   Otherregulations that must be considered are:       ·        Facilities for rest and to eat meals.·        facilities for changing clothing·        accommodation for clothing·        drinking water·        falls or falling objects·        condition of floors and traffic routes·        work stations and seating·        room dimensions and space·        cleanliness and waste materialslighting ·         windows and transparent or translucent doors, gates and walls ·         windows, skylights and ventilators ·         ability to clean windows, etc. safely ·         organization, etc.

of traffic routes ·         doors and gates ·         escalators and moving walkways ·         sanitary conveniences ·         washing facilities     ·        ·        temperature in indoor workplaces·        ventilation·        maintenance of the workplace, equipment, devices andsystemsTheregulations cover all aspects of the working environment, including:Theseregulations are concerned with the working environment. They place a duty onemployers to make sure that the workplace is safe and suitable for the tasks beingcarried out there, and that it does not present risks to employees and others.Workplaceregulations 1992:Employeesmust work safely in accordance with their training and instructions given tothem. Employees must also notify the employer or the person responsible forhealth and safety of any serious or immediate danger to health and safety orany shortcoming in health and safety arrangements.Employersmust also decide to ensure the health and safety of the workplace, includingplanning for emergencies, adequate information and training for employees, andfor health surveillance where appropriate. TheManagement of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 places a duty onemployers to assess and manage risks to their employees and others arising fromwork activities.

Management of health and safety atwork regulations 1999:Known as RIDDOR, these regulations require employers, theself-employed and people in control of premises, to report work-related deaths,major injuries, work-related diseases and dangerous occurrences.Reporting of injuries, diseasesand dangerous occurrences regulation 1995: assess the risks decide what precautions are needed prevent or adequately control exposure ensure that control measures are used and maintained monitor the exposure carry out appropriate health surveillance prepare plans and procedures to deal with accidents, incidents and emergencies ensure employees are properly informed, trained and supervisedThemeasures are:TheCOSHH regulations specify the eight measures that employers must follow toprevent or limit their employees’ exposure to hazardous substances. Controlof substances hazardous to health 1992: ·        Controlling the keeping, use and possession of dangeroussubstances.·        Protecting others against risks to health or safetyabout the activities of persons at work·        Protecting the health, safety and welfare of peopleat work      It needs to be followed by the services to ensure theyare working safely and they do this by: Health and Safety at Work Act 1994:  Some of the acts that they must follow are:  Whenthe public services are responding to the variety of different incidents thatthey are called to, they should ensure that they are abiding by the health andsafety legislations M3: When the public services are responding to thevariety of different incidents that they are called to, they should ensure thatthey are abiding by the health and safety legislations, to guarantee that thescene is a safe working environment, to do this, they must consider, how toprotect the health, safety and welfare of people at work and how to protectothers against risks to health or safety about the activities of persons atwork but also to control the keeping, use and possession of dangeroussubstances.   ·        Cones- are used effectively to move traffic into alane or to close a lane of a motorway in advance of an accident ahead, likebarriers they show where not to go to keep areas clear.  ·        Barriers- This is an effective way of showing peoplewhere not to go, it ensures that the scene will be kept clear. ·        Warning signs of an incident ahead-These may begiven miles in advance of an incident. Portable warning signs can be put on theside of a road nearer the scene.

The signs will allow for drivers to recognisethere is an incident up ahead and are able to adjust speed accordingly.   victim in the incident, some of the safety measuresthat are used at the scene of an accident to protect the emergency personneland members of the public are: