I. Early Life
The Pope John Paul II was born Karol Jozef Wojtyla. before his pontificate in October 1978. He was born in the Polish town of Wadowice. a little metropolis 50 kilometres from Krakow. on May 18. 1920. Karol Jozef Wojtyla was so the youngest of the three kids born to Karol Wojtyla and Emilia Kaczorowska. His female parent died in 1929 while Edmund. his eldest brother who was a physician. died in 1932 and his male parent who was a non-commissioned ground forces officer died in 1941. A sister. Olga. had died before he was born.
Fr. Franciszek Zak baptized Karol Jozef Wojtyla on The 20th of June in 1920 in the parish church of Wadowice. He was nine ( 9 ) old ages old when he took his First Holy Communion and was a confirmed Catholic at the age of 18 at 18 ( 18 ) . “Upon graduation from Marcin Wadowita high school in Wadowice. he enrolled in Krakow’s Jagiellonian University in 1938 and in a school for play. ” ( Short Biography. 2005 ) A twelvemonth after. the university was closed by the Nazi forces. The immature Karol alternatively had to work in a prey from 1940 until 1944 and after in the mill of chemicals. Solvay. to gain his life and to maintain off from being deported to Germany.
Karol was ever cognizant of his spiritual careers. and it was in 1942 when he started classs of going a priest in the clandestine seminary of Krakow. managed by Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha. the archbishop of Krakow at that clip. “At the same clip. Karol Wojtyla was one of the innovators of the “Rhapsodic Theatre. ” besides clandestine. ” ( Short Biography. 2005 )
II. Post World War II Life with the Church
Karol Jozef Wojtyla pursued his surveies in the major seminary of Krakow when it had reopened after the Second World War. At the same clip he was a module of divinity of the Jagiellonian University. It was in 1946. at the first twenty-four hours of November when he was ordained to the priesthood in Krakow. Archbishop Sapieha did the award to enact him. Thereafter. the same central sent Father Karol Wojtyla to Rome to work under the way of the Gallic Dominican. Garrigou-Lagrange
It was in 1948 when Father Wojtyla finished his doctor’s degree in divinity holding a thesis on the “subject of religion in the plant of St. John of the Cross ( Doctrina de fide apud Sanctum Ioannem a Cruce ) ” . ( Short Biography. 2005 ) . Even so. he was a good Catholic and a individual because that clip after holding his doctor’s degree grade. while he was on holidaies. he applied his pastoral ministry among the Polish immigrants of France. Belgium and Holland. During the same twelvemonth he returned to his place state and became a vicar of many parishes in Krakow every bit good as chaplain to immature pupils in the university and these functions and activities lasted until 1951.
Get downing 1951 he pursued his surveies once more to widen his cognition on doctrine and divinity and two old ages after he was to support a thesis on “evaluation of the possibility of establishing a Catholic moral principle on the ethical system of Max Scheler at Lublin Catholic University. ” ( Short Biography. 2005 ) After this event he became a professor learning about moral divinity and societal moralss in the cardinal seminary of Krakow every bit served as a Faculty of Theology of at the same clip. He was appointed as a titular bishop of Ombi on the 4th of July in 1958. The Pope Pius XII besides appointed him as an aide of Krakow on that same minute. On the 28th of September of the same twelvemonth he was consecrated as a bishop by Archbishop Eugeniusz Baziak in Wawel Cathedral located in Krakow.
Bishop Wojtyla had a batch of meaningful spiritual activities before he became the Catholic Pope in October 1978. Among these are the publication of his thesis in 1960. “Evaluation of the Possibility of Constructing a Christian Ethic based on the System of Max Scheler” and the publication of “Love and Responsibility” ; and in 1965 he made his Letter of Reconciliation of the Polish Bishops to the German Bishops. incorporating the celebrated words “We forgive and ask forgiveness” ( Pre-Pontificate. 2005 )
III. And He Became the Pope John Paul II
It was October 16. 1978 when Cardinal Karol Wojtyla was elected replacement to Pope John Paul I. the 264th Pope of the Catholic Church and takes the name John Paul II. ( Pontificate. 2005 ) During his election as the Catholic Pope. “there were three surprises: that the new Catholic Pope should be so immature — 58 ; that he should be a non-Italian ; and that he should come from an Eastern European state. Though there has been perceptibly less talk about the Holy Spirit. one time once more the cardinals have said how satisfied they are with their pick. ” ( Hebblethwaite 3 )
During his first twelvemonth in the apostolic place in 1978. he made legion and noteworthy activities and encouragement to the whole Catholic universe. Among these are the Urbi et Orbi wireless message. John Paul II’s historic embracing of Cardinal Wyszynski. the visits to the Shrine of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Mentorella. Rome and to Assisi to reverence the grave of St. Francis. frequenter of Italy. and to the Basilica of Santa Maria sopra Minerva to reverence the grave of St. Catherine. patronne of Italy.
The predating twelvemonth of his pontificate and the old ages after it. Pope John Paul II merely inspired the whole Catholic community with his leading. In 1979. the Pope accepted the petition made by Argentina and Chile for the Holy See’s mediation in work outing the contention that was on traveling between the two states. He besides made the Pastoral Visit to Santo Domingo in Dominican Republic. to Mexico for the Third General Conference of the Latin American Bishops and the Bahamas on January 25th to February 1st 1979 for his 1st Apostolic Voyage. ( Pontificate. 2005 ) This ocean trip was succeeded by the 2nd. 3rd and 4th. all go oning in the same twelvemonth. 1979. These were the visits or ocean trips to Poland in June. in Ireland. the U. N. and the United States of America in September and in Turkey in November.
During his ocean trip to his fatherland. he had a really specific message to his countrymen. “The pope’s missive on the intent of his visit. in which he stressed that he hoped to function “the integrity of the Poles. ” ( Hebblethwaite 3 )
During the 1980s. among the outstanding activities of Pope John Paul II affect Pastoral Voyages to Zaire. Republic of Congo. Kenya. Ghana. Upper Volta and Ivory Coast. France. Brazil. and West Germany. His pastoral visit to Naples. Potenza. Balvano and Avellino was made after the temblor. The apostolic ocean trips. which evidently result to greater credence among the Catholics of the several visited states. besides serve as reminders to each and every one to reconstruct their religion and be better followings of God. The Catholic Pope ne’er missed in reinstating this message anyplace he visits. At the twelvemonth 1980 was stoping the Catholic Pope made his Apostolic Letter Egregiae virtutis in which he proclaimed Sts. Cyril and Methodius. together with St. Benedict. Patrons of Europe.
As the leader. instructor and theoretical account of 1000000s of Catholic followings. John Paul II made and performed his apostolic duties dutifully. The Pope’s 1988 encyclical. Sollicitudo Rei Socialis. which is about societal justness weaving a in-between land between the sides of capitalists and socialists and seting statements on both economic developments and puting the demands of those 1000000s of poors over the wants of the selected wealthy. This Sollicitudo Rei Socialis is in fact believed to be “one of his most significant paperss. ” ( John Paul II )
A new catechism was approved by Pope John Paul II in 1992. This contained comprehensive statements of devotedness meant to unite the full Catholic It was in October of this twelvemonth when the Pope was able to print a big encyclical on moral issues reasonably “inspired by the paedophilia or the sexual attractive force of grownups to kids crisis” ( John Paul II ) that was rampant in the United States. It was called Veritatis Splendor or The Resplendence of Truth.
In 1994 the Pope was with the Particular Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops on the subject: ” The Church in Africa and Her Evangelizing Mission Towards the Year 2000: ‘You Shall Be My Witnesses’ . On that same twelvemonth nevertheless. on the month of April the Pope had an inadvertent autumn on the eventide of the 28th doing a break on his right thighbone. Thereafter the Holy Father recovered at the Gemelli Polyclinic Hospital and undergone an operation and was hospitalized until the 27th of May. ( Pontificate. 2005 )
Carry throughing the promise of his apostolic missive Tertio Millennio adveniente ( As the Third Millennium Draws Near. 1994 the Catholic Pope entered the twelvemonth 2000. which he greeted by a announcement of this twelvemonth as the twelvemonth of the Great Jubilee. The Pope carried on this twelvemonth “with a series of epochal activities naming for duologue and brotherhood among the religions. ” ( Pope John Paul ) In February of the new millenary. John Paul II was the first Catholic Pope to do a visit to Egypt. where he celebrated a mass in Cairo. stirring on favoritism against Christians in Egypt and other states of Africa.
On March 12. 2000. the Catholic Pope besides asked for forgiveness for many of the Catholic Church’s past wickednesss. such as its intervention of Jews. misbelievers. adult females. and native peoples. “This was believed to be the first clip in the history of the Catholic Church that one of its leaders sought such a sweeping forgiveness. ” ( John Paul II Biography )
In the beginning of 2004. the Pope made his entreaty to everyone sing World Peace. “All of you. hear the low entreaty of the Successor of Peter who cries out: today excessively. at the beginning of the New Year 2004. peace remains possible. And if peace is possible. it is besides a responsibility! ” ( John Paul II. 2004 )
A twelvemonth before his decease. Pope John Paul II was conferred the International Charlemagne Prize. a esteemed award given yearly by the metropolis of Aachen. Germany. in acknowledgment “of the Pope’s personal committedness. and that of the Holy See. in favour of integrity among the peoples of Europe on the footing of the values rooted in the common human nature and effectively promoted by Christianity” ( Pontificate. 2005 )
On February. at least a month before his decease the Memory and Identity was published. This book was all about the Pope John Paul II. his life. and his bequest to the universe. With his great part to the Catholic Church and in humanity in general. Pope John Paul II died in Vatican on April 2. 2005 at 9:37 in the eventide. He was a great Catholic Pope. leader. instructor and a individual who gave much inspiration and instructions to his followings.