Bob Marley Essay, Research PaperIn 1944, a 50 twelvemonth old British military adult male named Captain Norval Marleymarried an 18 twelvemonth old black Jamaican miss named Cadella Booker.They had a boy, Robert Nesta Marley, subsequently known as Bob.
He was bornFebruary 6, 1945 in Nine Miles, Jamaica. Captain Marley seldom saw hisson, although he provided some fiscal support for the household. When Bobwas five old ages old, he was kidnapped by his male parent and taken to Kingston, Jamaica s capital. He was reunited with his female parent about a twelvemonth subsequently. Boband his female parent lived in one of the most unsafe slums of Kingston.
Theseliving conditions subsequently inspired Marley to compose a vocal called ConcreteJungle, which likened the life conditions and poorness in the slum tothe bonds of bondage. Bob s father, Norval Marley, died when Bob wasten old ages of age. Bob merely saw his male parent for the twelvemonth that he waskidnapped, and this is what he said many old ages subsequently in 1978. .my male parent, was a cat coming from England, yunno, the sort of cat likeduring the slave period: the white who catch a black adult female and do her ababy. An English adult male. I think.
Because I merely saw him one time, yunno. Mymother? My female parent is an African While Bob lived in the shanty portion of Kingston, there was another familywith a male child Bob s age. His name was Bunny. Bunny became a brother for Bob.They sang together mundane after school. They made their ain instruments.With their adolescence voice, Bob and Bunny began in 1960 to construct whatone twenty-four hours became the Wailer s music.
In Kingston, instrumentalists were developing a new sound, a new mixture of mento ( a sort of fairy-slipper ) and beat and blues. The consequence of this mixture wascalled Jamaican Ska. Bob and Bunny were fascinated with America s rhythmand blues vocalists such as Fats Domino, and Louis Jordan. The Drifters, and peculiarly the Impressions had the most impact on them.
Bob, like may other Jamaican adolescents, found music a alleviation from therealities of ghetto life. All young persons were looking for a manner out of theendless rhythm of poorness. Crime was a solution for some, know as rudies, but it about surely ended in an early decease on the violent Kingstonstreets.When Bob attended school, he dreamed of music.
However, schoolworkprepared him for large dreams, which would merely ensue in empty solutions.The life he was destined for in Trench Town had nil to make with mathand scientific discipline. By the clip he was 15, he had quit school, and became awelder s learner. At least this manner he could convey some money into thehousehold.Ska spread like a febrility through the ungratified teenage multitudes, and Bob waseasily distracted from his welding work as he concentrated on masteringthe new ska harmoniousnesss. While welding one twenty-four hours, a piece of firing hot metalflew into his oculus and ended his welding calling. He told his female parent that hewas really relieved, because it meant he could pass more clip on hisrecording calling. Noone took him excessively earnestly, because at that clip everyone wanted to be arecording star.
The people Bob grew up with in the Kingston slums were drawn towards aparticular Rastafarian named Joe Higgs. Bob realized that he couldn t makeany advancement with his music without the aid of person else. He neededsomeone who could learn him techniques, like how to project his voice andto clasp harmoniousness. Joe Higgs held free music clinics at his place in theghetto, merely a street off from Bob s place. So Bob and Bunny attended hisclasses merely about every individual day.At 16, Marley was despairing for his first album. Little did he cognize thathis entering calling would take him on a religious journey and do himthe Third World s first international superstar.
In 1962, Bob Marley released his first album Judge Not with Bunny andanother friend Peter McIntosh. That twelvemonth, after Bob released that album, he formed the Wailing Wailers. They consisted of Bunny Livingstone, PeterMcIntosh, Joey Brathwaite and Bob Marley himself. The group was named theWailers because in those yearss we were ever shouting The Jamaican ska music had changed by decelerating down and going a littlemore sexual. Bob and the Wailers called the consequences rude boy music. Someof the first vocals of this type were Stir it Up, and Back out ( backout.and close your oral cavity.making thing travel slow ) Besides, the ill-mannered boythemes of earlier vocals changed to those of societal and religious issues asthe group became more focussed on Rastafarianism.
On February 10, 1966, Bob Marley married a adult female named Rita Anderson. Thenext twenty-four hours, Bob was on a plane to see his female parent in Deleware. Prior tothat, his female parent had written him several times inquiring him to come visither in the United States. She wanted him to settle at that place, but he wasimpatient to acquire back to the Wailers in Jamaica.
He worked in America justenough to be able to finance his music, and so he returned to Jamaicaseven months later.In Jamaica, the Rastafarian manner of life was taking over many individuals.Bunny had been a Rasta since 1963, and now Bob and Peter allowed theirhair and face funguss to turn in the Rasta manner. In 1967, the Wailers decidedto seek organizing their ain record label Wail N Soul, after being pushedaround by manufacturers and struggles over their underdeveloped Rastafarian image.In mid-1967, Bob and Rita, still newlyweds, moved back to Nine Miles.
Itwas a time of contemplation and insight for Bob. He spent a great deal oftime reading the Bible and working the land. He was returning to his rootsfor some answers.Their first child, Cadella, was born that year. She was named after Bob sbeloved mother. The Wail n Soul record label produced a few hit singlesthat Bob and that Wailers recorded. The label folded at the end of theyear after many problems emerged, like their lack of business knowledge.In 1968, all three Wailers served jail terms for the possession ofmarijuana, which is illegal in Jamaica, but is used sacredly by theRastafarians.
This jail time gave Bob time to think and reflect on hislife, leading up to some of his best music ever. Bunny was in jail thewhole year and, needless to say, it was not anactive recording year for the group. Bob s son David or Ziggy , was bornthat year.That year Bob learned a lot about Rastafarianism. He realized that it wasnot a religion, but a way of life.
He learned that Rastas eat food whichis pure, free of chemicals and balanced for good health. Most Rastas arevegetarians, although some eat fish. They also use local herbs and plantsfor medicinal purposes and to spice their foods.
In 1970, Bob and the Wailers started another label called Tuff Gong, andreleased a few more albums and singles. That winter, Bob went to Swedenwhere he worked on a movie soundtrack, and also did a tour. Bob and theWailers continued to record on and off until 1978 under that record label.In 1978, the U.S.
was still uncharted territory for reggae musicians, andthe Wailers had to slip into the already crowded world of rock and roll.They were fighting a valiant battle on the American music frontier againstgreats such as the Rolling Stones, Bob Dylan, and Stevie Wonder.In May of that year, Bob recorded a song called Buffalo Soldier . Thesong was recorded in Miami, and compared Jamaican Rastafarians or dreadlock Rastas , to the black American soldiers during the U.
S. CivilWar. Buffalo Soldier is a very revealing glimpse of Marley during thisperiod in his life. Buffalo Soldier ..dreadlock Rasta,It was a buffalo soldier, in the heart of America.
Stolen from Africa,And brought to America ..During a concert in New York in 1980, Bob nearly blacked out. Thefollowing morning, he decided to go for a run. He collapsed and wascarried back to the hotel by his running partner. Within days, Marley wastold he had a brain tumor, and he had suffered a stroke when he wasrunning.
He was also told that he wouldn t live another month. Everyone,and most of all Bob, was shocked. Despite his illness, Bob insisted ongoing to Pittsburgh for the next show.His wife, Rita, insisted that he cancel the tour. Bob prevailed and playeda brilliant show that night at the Stanley Theatre. Rita contacted Bob slawyer to ensure the tour was stopped.
On the 23rd of September, it wasreported that Bob Marley was suffering from exhaustion and the Tuff GongUprising Tour was canceled.Bob was flown from Miami to New York s Memorial SloanKetting CancerCenter, where he was fully diagnosed as having brain, lung, and stomachcancer. He was flown back to Miami where he was baptized as BerhaneSelassie in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, a Christian church, at Rita ssuggestion.Five days later, in a last effort to prolong his life, Bob was flown to acontroversial treatment center in Germany. Dr. Joseph Issels ran theclinic, and had been successful in treating terminal cases before.Bob celebrated his thirty-sixth birthday in February of 1981, in theclinic.
When he arrived to the clinic, Marley had lost all his hair, butnow he seemed to be gaining strength and his hair was growing back. Hewas, however, still losing weight. On the eleventh day of may, nineteeneighty-one, a full six months later, Robert Nesta Marley died.
His wifeand mother were at his bedside.When Bob Marley died, at the young age of thirty-six, some people believethat the age of reggae music was over. But they failed to notice that hehad become a legend, and a legend s influence never dies. Many musicianshave turned to Marley s music time and time again for inspiration. PaulSimon, Eric Clapton, the Police, and Stevie Wonder are just a few of theAmerican Musicians who were strongly influenced by Bob Marley s brand ofreggae.
I believe that Bob Marley is definitely the greatest reggae musician ofall time. I admire him for getting out of the Jamaican slums, and makingsomething of his life. His son David, now know as Ziggy Marley has nowfollowed in his fathers footsteps, and is now a very talented musician.The following is a quote from my favorite song by Bob Marley, NaturalMystic .
There s a natural mystic blowing through the airif you listen carefully now you will hearthis could be the first trumpetmight as well be the lastmany more will have to suffermany more will have to die-don t ask me whythings are not the way they used to beI won t tell you no lieone and all have no face reality now tho I ve tried to find the answer to all the questions they ask tho I know it s impossible to go on living through the pastdon t tell no liethere s a natural mystic blowing through the aircan t keep them downif you listen carefully now you will hear