Brooke BiniMr. Perry12/7/17Maurice Wilkins ReportMaurice Wilkins was known for his contributions to the discovery of DNA’smolecular structure, for which he won the 1962 Nobel Prize. Maurice was born onDecember 15, 1916 in Pongaroa, New Zealand, then he died on October 6, 2004.Maurice is well known because he produced the first image of DNA fibers andcontributed to the double-helix model made by Watson and Crick. This is stillrelevant today because scientists use his work everyday to study DNA.
Wilkins began his study at University of Cambridge from 1935-1938. Whilehe was there, he earned his degree in physics. After attending the University ofCambridge, he went to the University of Birmingham from 1938-1940. At theUniversity of Birmingham he received his Ph.
D. Later on, Wilkins worked withhis country’s defence and improved radar screens. He was recruited to America tohelp with the Manhattan project, but after focusing on developing a weapon ofmass destruction Maurice decided that he was not interested in that kind of work.He then moved his focus to the University of St Andrews and started a study withJohn Randall.
They began to look at molecular structures through x-ray patterns.They both moved to King’s college and worked in the Medical Research Council’sBiophysics Unit. While they were there they made the first image of molecularDNA. This was a major step in biology because no one had ever seen a picture ofdeoxyribonucleic acid until then.In 1951 Wilkins approached a challenge. He was put up against Franklinafter Randall had hired him to head the research on DNA. Franklin was able to dobetter research than Wilkins and found newer data.
Maurice did a good job ofhandling this challenge. He continued his study instead of quitting like a lot ofother scientist would have when faced this kind of challenge. If Maurice wouldhave quit when Franklin came then the wouldn’t have been the great scientist thathe was.
The benefits of working with another scientist would be that you arealways being pushed to do your best. One of the main cons to working withsomeone else would be that you have to share all of the credit. Wilkins didn’t haveto worry about that because Franklin died in 1958 at the age of 37In 1962 Maurice was awarded the nobel prize for psychology and medicine.After that he kept working in genetics and studying DNA.In 1959 Wilkins gotmarried to Patricia Ann Chidgey, Maurice and Patricia also had four childrenshortly after getting married. Wilkins worked as a professor at King’s college andtaught others about his passion for biology.
He retired in 1981, then wrote anautobiography The Third Man of the Double Helix. In conclusion, Maurice Wilkinswas an unforgettable man that made a huge impact on biology today by making thefirst ever picture of DNA strands.