Canadahas been assumed a country of immigrants since the time when the first newcomersarrived to this territory. When Canada was founded as a country, the issue ofbecoming a Canadian citizen occurred.

The first procedure of obtainingcitizenship has been legally appeared in 1947 in the Canadian CitizenshipAct(the “Act”) (Pear 21,1947).On October 11, 2017, the Actunderwent recent amendments, especially regardingthe naturalization process for immigrants.As a result, the new requirementswere implemented into a six-stage process of obtaining Canadian citizenship.Formany immigrants, to be a citizen is not only the final step of the immigration process but also the usage of diversebenefits from it.For example, non-citizens in Canada do not have politicalrights such as running for office andvoting.Also, among the benefits areability to work in high secured jobs, opportunity easily travel with consulatesupport if needed,no doubt of being deported.

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Theeligibility criteria for those, who came to Canada as a permanent resident,consist of four basic requirements. First of all, having a Permanent Resident(PR) status in Canada, including no unmet conditions related to the PR status,not being under review because of immigration or fraud, and not being under aremoval order. Secondly, havingthe required physical presence in Canada. By new amendments to the Act (R.

S.C., 1985, c. C-29) needed physical presence in Canada reduced to 3(1095 days) out of 5 years. The third criteria, the age range for language andknowledge requirements reduced to 18-54 years old out of 14-64 years old.Thelast criteria required time for applicants to file income taxes before applyingfor citizenship is reduced to 3 out of 5 year.

The application process is a crucialpart of the prosess of obtaining citizenship that consists of an application package, applicationfees, and submission. The application package includes the instruction guideand all the forms that are needed to fill out.TheCitizenship and ImmigrationCanada (CIC) (Government ofCanada,2017)website provides the list of packages, that is requiredfor theapplicant. Once, the application has been selected  it is required todownload the form, completelyfill out and sign it.In between, the quoted documents should be included to the package. Atthe same time, the application fees must be payed via the official CIC website.Finally, the completed application form, along with all documents, and payment receiptmight be send  to the Case Processing Centre(CPC) in Sydney,Ontario.Processing times may be around 12 months,depending on how many applications the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada office had received.

As soon asCPC received a completed application form,the processing procedurebegins immediately. As a result, the applicant may get an acknowledgement receipt by mail or email.The last step before the citizenship ceremonyis citizenship test, which is taken to confirm sufficient knowledge aboutCanada (geography, history, society, values, etc.). The official CIC websiteprovides anonline study guide for preparation to the citizenship test (Study Guide,2017). According toa new amendments to the Act (R.S.

C., 1985, c. C-29),itis being required to accomplish a citizenship test only for the applicants whoare between 18 and 54 years old. Usually it is a written test, but sometimes canbe conducted orally with a citizenship officer or judge.

If citizership testhas been seccesfully completed, the aplicant will be invited to attend the ceremony. The final stage of  the process of becoming a citizen, is to takethe Canadian Citizenship Oath, receive a Citizenshipcertificate, and singthe nationalanthem at the ceremony (CP-15Guide).  The most considerable here is totake the Oathof Citizenship by which a candidate declare to be loyal to the Queen, to obeyCanadian’s law and customs, to fulfill the duties of the Canadian citizen.Thesecond, not less significant, is actually the presentation of  theCitizen Certificates by the citizenshipjudge. Right after that is essential to sign the Oath of Citizenship form,whereby the candidate confirms itsaction. The last but not least part of thecitizenship ceremony is to singthe national anthem”O Canada”, which  eventually closes the ceremony and wholeprocess of obtaining Canadian citizenship.Inconclusion, the most recent changes to the procedure and requirements to theCanadian citizenship process confirm the crucial support to accommodate theneeds of the potential applicants.

The rise of granting of Citizenship Certificatesis interconnected with the government’s needs to increase the filling of laborgaps, boosting of theeconomy, and the encouraging of political participation.