CHAPTER
III

Research Methodology

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This chapter deals with the presentation of the research design,
subject of the study, the research instrument, the data gathering procedure and
the statistical treatment of data.

Research
Design

            To attain the objective of the study, the researcher will
use the descriptive method in determining the healthy and unhealthy extremes of
Mechanical Engineering students in the University Of Batangas.

            The correlation technique will also
be used to determine whether a relationship exists between academic
codependency and the students’ academic performance. According to Burns and
Grove, 2003, a descriptive method “is designed to provide a picture of a
situation as it naturally happens”. It may be used to justify current practice
and make judgment and also to develop theories.

Participants/Subject
of the study

            The researchers will conduct this study among Mechanical
Engineering students in the University Of Batangas.

Research
Instruments

            The data in this study will be gathered using a
questionnaire answered by thirty (30) Mechanical Engineering students. The
questionnaire is divided into four parts. The first part was about the
respondents’ general information. The second part was the extremes of academic
codependence, third are factors of academic codependence and the last part is
about the roles of academic codependence in their academics. The respondents
are asked to fill up and check the items on which they think is most
appropriate.

            The researchers will personally deliver the questionnaire
to all the respondents to assure a hundred percent return and to clarify the
problems that may arise in the course of answering the questionnaire.

Data Gathering Procedure

            The
researchers used questionnaire as their instrument. These were distributed
among Mechanical Engineering Students in University of Batangas. The
researchers provided a questionnaire that was checked and revised with the help
of the researchers’ adviser The Questionnaire was made in order to answer all
the questions and have proof for the current study that requires feedback
and/or answers from respondents which is the Mechanical Engineering Students.
The survey was created using suitable questions modified from related
researchers and individually formed by the researchers. The survey is composed
of several questions that are relevant to the research variables. To avoid
balance or play-safe answers the researchers decided to remove the middle
choices and questionnaires are left with 4 choices with the ranking 4 as the
highest and 1 as the lowest. The researchers also designed the questionnaires
to have an optional need of identity from the respondents. The data were
gathered through interviews using questionnaires. The respondents were given
time to respond then the researchers collected the survey.

Statistical
Treatment of Data

            The following statistical tools were utilized for
reliable analysis and interpretation of data collected.

1.         Percentage Distribution will be used to determine the percentage
of a part of a whole such as a specified number of respondents in relation to
the entire population.

The following formula will be
used:

            P = n/N x 100

            Where; n = number of the respondents

                          N =
Total number of the respondents

2.         Ranking will be used to determine the increasing or
decreasing degree of the variables. The largest frequency will be ranked first;
the second will be ranked 2nd and so on down to the least rank.

3.         Weighted Mean will also be used to weigh the degree or magnitude
of the variables. This will also show the degree of relevance of the chosen
response of the respondents.

 

The following formula will be
used:

            W= Fx/N

Where: F = frequency of
responses per unit weight

       N = total number of respondent.                               

4. T-test Method will be
utilized to assess whether the average of two groups are statistically
different from each other. It is used to determine whether there is a
significant difference between the means of two groups or variables.

            The following formula will be used:

                       

Where: x1¯x1¯ = Mean of first
set of values

             x2¯x2¯ = Mean of second set of
values

              S1 = Standard deviation of first
set of values

              S2 = Standard deviation of second
set of values

              n1 = Total number of values in
first set

              n2 = Total
number of values in second set.