Technology had a significant impact on the 1920s. Because of the development of assembly lines and other innovations, cars became one of the most important industries in the nation. This stimulated growth in the industries of steel, rubber, glass, tool companies, oil corporations, and road construction. As a result of the mobility of individuals that was made possible by the automobile, the demand for suburban housing began to boom. In the early 1920s, commercial aviation developed slowly but until pressurized cabins and the radial engine came into major play, this wasn’t much use until the 1930s.
Major influence of gangs existed. St. Valentines massacre for example, where the murder of seven people between Al Capone’s men and a gang led by Bugs Moran. One of the characteristics of the 1920s was the talk about sex. This was made socially acceptable/fashionable by Sigmund Freud. Freud was most known for his theories of the unconscious mind. Although the sexual revolution didn’t begin with the sale of Trojan condoms in 1922. The term “flapper” was coined by H. L. Mencken. In the 1920s many people would dance for long periods of time but there was a rule where dancing partners had to be a minimum of 6” apart.
Dance clubs became rather popular in the 1920s. Dance contests were nationally held and sponsored where new moves were invented, tried, and competed. Jazz music became popular for the times. Jazz music tended to be played my minorities. Mostly came up as improvised music, it has come to be called “sweet music. ” The 1920s were tired of the war, reform and newness. The rate of change was happening too quickly for some. One time there would be horses to horse-drawn buggies, to cars. Cities possessed indoor plumbing and electricity was up and coming. Technology was rapidly evolving.
Changing and evolving art was becoming offensive and not understandable by society; i. e. Picasso. Consumerism was linked to mass production which led to increased income and this eventually led to installment of credit. Appliances became available for the first time. The 1920s experienced three different presidencies in its decade. Starting with Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover. Harding was considered one of the least qualified presidents we had. He was considered very good looking but not the most qualified. His administration was prone to scandals.
Tea pot dome was considered to be most notorious which consisted the leasing of government oil reserves o private business in return for bribes. The scandals erupted after Harding died. Some say that Harding’s wife poisoned him. Some say that he committed suicide. Calvin Collidge succeeded him. Also known as “Silent Cal. ” Most quoted and known for his one-liners. One of the most popular lines was “the business of America is business. ” Coolidge was a huge admirer of business. Coolidge had body guards. One was named Richard Joseph Hart; alias name “Two-Gun Hart. Hart was the brother of Al Capone. Herbert Hoover came from being a member of the cabinet as Commerce Secretary. Hoover consistently pushed the notion of voluntary cooperation in the private sector but it did not catch on. Hoover believed that the government should play an active role in creating a new cooperative order. Hoover later entered office with the promises of making bold new efforts to solve the nation’s economic problems but unfortunately was thwarted, less than a year later after his inauguration, by the most severe and more prolonged economic crisis in history.
Prohibition, also known as the “Noble Experiment” was from 1920 to 1933 where the sale and distribution, and manufacture of alcohol were banned nationally. Made possible by the 18th amendment to the constitution, this ultimately led to the organization of underground, organized, and extensive criminal activity. This originally was put in place to reduce the amount of crime but instead it backfired and had an increased amount of crime. Before long, it was almost as easy to acquire illegal alcohol in most parts of the nation.