Fictional characters Of Greek Mythology Essay, Research Paper3 DestiniesDestinies ( fat ) , in Greek mythology, three goddesses who controlled human life ; besidescalled the Moerae or Moirai. They were: Clotho, who spun the web of life ;Lachesis, who measured its length ; and Atropos, who cut it. The Roman Destinieswere the Parcae ; the Germanic Fates were the NORNS.AdonisAdonis, in Greek mythology, beautiful young person loved by APHRODITE andPERSEPHONE. When he was killed by a Sus scrofa, both goddesses claimed him.ZEUS decreed that he pass half the twelvemonth above the land with Aphrodite, theother half in the underworld with Persephone.
His decease and Resurrection,symbolic of the seasonal rhythm, were celebrated at the festival Adonia.AndromedaAndromeda, in Greek myth, princess of Ethiopia ; girl of Cepheus andCassiopeia. POSEIDON, angered by her female parent & # 8217 ; s claim that her beauty outshonethat of the Nereids, sent a sea monster that could be appeased merely by herforfeit.
She was rescued by PERSEUS, who slew the monster and married her.Andromeda and her parents became configurations.PhoebusApollo, in Greek mythology, one of the most of import OLYMPIAN Gods ; boy ofZEUS and Leto, twin brother of ARTEMIS. He was concerned with prognostication,medical specialty ( he was the male parent of ASCLEPIUS ) , music and poesy ( he was besides themale parent of ORPHEUS and the frequenter of the MUSES ) , and the pastoral humanistic disciplines. A moralGod of high civilisation, he was associated with jurisprudence, doctrine, and the humanistic disciplines. Hewas widely known as a God of visible radiation, Phoebus Apollo ; after the fifth cent. B.C.
hewas frequently identified with the Sun God HELIOS. Apollo & # 8217 ; s prophets had great authorization ;his main shrine was at DELPHI, where he was chiefly a God of purification. In arthe was portrayed as the flawlessness of young person and beauty. The most famedstatue of him is the Apollo Belvedere, a marble transcript of the original Greek bronze,now in the Vatican in Rome.AresAres ( ar? ez? ) ( ar? ez ) , in Greek mythology, OLYMPIAN God of war ; boy of ZEUSand HERA. The Romans identified him with MARS.
AriadneAriadne ( ar? e-ad? Ne ) , in Greek mythology, Cretan princess ; girl of MINOSand Pasiphae. With her aid THESEUS killed the MINOTAUR and escaped fromthe Labyrinth. He left with her but deserted her at Naxos. There she marriedDIONYSUS, who is said to hold set her nuptial Crown among the stars.ArtemisArtemis ( ar? te-mis ) , in Greek mythology, goddess of the Hunt.
She was thegirl of ZEUS and Leto and the duplicate sister of APOLLO. Artemis is associatedwith celibacy, matrimony, kids, wildlife, and, as a complement to the Sun GodApollo, with the Moon. The Romans identified her with DIANA.AtalantaAtalanta ( at? e-lan? Te ) , in Greek mythology, fleet huntress who joined theCalydonian Sus scrofa Hunt ( see MELEAGER ) . She demanded that each of her suersrace her, the victor to be rewarded with matrimony, the also-rans to decease. Hippomeneseventually won her by dropping three aureate apples that she stopped to recover.
AtheneAthena ( e-the? Ne ) or Pallas Athena, in Greek mythology, one of the most of importOLYMPIAN divinities, sprung from the brow of ZEUS. She was the goddess ofwar and peace, a frequenter of humanistic disciplines and trades, a defender of metropoliss ( notably Athens ) ,and the goddess of wisdom. Her most of import temple was the PARTHENON andher primary festival the Panathenaea. A virgin goddess, Athena is represented inart as a baronial figure, armored, and exerting her aegis, the auspices.
TheRomans identified her with MINERVA.AtlasAtlas ( at? lupus erythematosuss ) , in Greek mythology, a TITAN. After the licking of the Titans by theOlympian, he was condemned to keep the sky upon his shoulders for allinfinity.
HellhoundCerberus ( s? R? beres ) , in Greek mythology, many-headed Canis familiaris with a mane and atail of serpents ; defender of HADES. One of the 12 labours of HERCULES was togaining control him.ChaosChaos ( ka? os? ) , in Greek mythology, the vacant, unfathomable infinite from whicheverything arose. In the OLYMPIAN myth GAEA sprang from Chaos and becamethe female parent of all things.
CronusCronus ( kro? Nes ) or Kronos, in Greek myth, the youngest Colossus ; boy of URANUSand GAEA. He led the Titans in a rebellion against Uranus and ruled the universe. By hissister RHEA, he fathered the great Gods? ZEUS, POSEIDON, DEMETER, HERA,HADES, and HESTIA. Fated to be overthrown by one of his kids, he triedunsuccessfully to destruct them. Zeus subsequently led the OLYMPIAN Gods in get the better ofinghim in a conflict, described by HESIOD, called the Titanomachy.
Cronus is equatedwith the Roman God SATURN.DindymeneCybele ( sib? e-le ) , in ancient Asiatic faith, GREAT MOTHER OF THE GODS.The main centres of her early worship were Phrygia and Lydia. In the fifth cent.B.C. her cult spread to Greece and subsequently to Rome.
She was chiefly a naturegoddess, responsible for keeping and reproducing the wild things of the Earth.Her one-year spring festival celebrated the decease and Resurrection of her darlingAttis, a flora God.CyclopsCyclops plural of Cyclopes ( siklo? pez ) , in Greek mythology, huge one-eyedexistences. Harmonizing to HESIOD, they were Smiths, boies of URANUS and GAEA,who gave ZEUS the lightning bolts that helped him get the better of CRONUS. In HOMER,they were a brutal people, one of whom ( POLYPHEMUS ) was encountered byOdysseus in his rovings.
DaphneDaphne ( daf? Ne ) , in Greek mythology, a nymph loved by APOLLO. When she waspursued by him, she prayed for deliverance and was transformed by GAEA into a laureltree.DelphiDelphi ( d? cubic decimeter? f Y ) ( del? fy ) , town in Phocis, GREECE, near the pes of Mt. Parnassus.It was the place of the Delphic ORACLE, the most celebrated and powerful prophet ofancient Greece. The prophet, which originated in the worship of an earth goddess,perchance GAEA, was the chief shrine of APOLLO. It was housed in a templebuilt in the 6th cent. B.
C. The oracular messages were spoken by a priestess in afrenzied enchantment and interpreted by a priest, who normally spoke in poetry. Theprophet & # 8217 ; s influence prevailed throughout Greece until Hellenistic times. Delphi wasthe meeting topographic point of the Amphictyonic League and the site of the PYTHIANGAMES. It was subsequently pillaged by the Romans, and the sanctuary fell into decay.
DemeterDemeter ( dime? ter ) , in Greek mythology, goddess of crop and birthrate ; girlof CRONUS and RHEA ; female parent of PERSEPHONE by ZEUS. She and hergirl were the main figures in the ELEUSINIAN MYSTERIES, and her primaryfestival was the Athenian Thesmophoria. The Romans identified her with CERES.DionysusDionysus ( di? e-ni? Ses ) ( dieni? Ses ) , in Greek mythology, God of birthrate and vino,subsequently considered a frequenter of the humanistic disciplines. Probably of Thracian beginning, Dionysus wasone of the most of import Grecian Gods and the topic of profuse and contradictoryfables. He was thought to be the boy of either ZEUS and PERSEPHONE or ofZeus and Semele. Dionysus was attended by a roistering set of SATYRS,MAENADS, and NYMPHS.
He taught worlds viniculture but was capable ofawful retaliation upon those ( e.g. , ORPHEUS and Pentheus ) who denied hisdeity.
His worship was characteristically bibulous and orgiastic. The main figurein the ORPHIC MYSTERIES and other cults, Dionysus had many festivals in hisaward. From the music, vocalizing, and dance of the Greater Dionysia in Athensdeveloped the dithyramb and, finally, Grecian play. The Romans identified himwith Liber and BACCHUS, who was more decently the vino God.EchoEcho, in Greek mythology, mountain NYMPH.
She incurred HERA & # 8217 ; s wrath with heryak and, as penalty, could merely reiterate the last words said by others. Inunanswered love for NARCISSUS, she pined off until her voice entirely remained.EosEos ( e? os? ) , in Greek mythology, goddess of morning. Daughter of Hyperion andThea, she was the sister of the Sun God HELIOS, and the female parent of the air currents.The Romans called her Aurora.
ErosEros ( er? os? ) , in Greek mythology, God of love in all its manifestations. Harmonizingto some fables, he was one of the oldest of the Gods, born from CHAOS butbodying harmoniousness. In most narratives he was the boy of APHRODITE and ARESand was represented as a winged young person armed with bow and pointers. In Romanmyth, under the name Cupid or Amor, he was the bare baby boy and comradeof VENUS.FuriesFuries ( fy? R? vitamin E ) or Erinyes ( erin? e-ez ) , in Greek mythology, goddesses ofretribution.
Born from the blood of URANUS, they punished wrongs committedagainst blood relations irrespective of the motive, as in the instance of ORESTES.Named Megaera, Tisiphone, and Alecto, they were normally represented as hagswith chiropterans & # 8217 ; wings, Canis familiariss & # 8217 ; caputs, and serpents for hair.GaiaGaea ( je? vitamin E ) , in Greek mythology, the Earth ; girl of CHAOS, female parent and married womanof both URANUS ( the sky ) and Pontus ( the sea ) . She was mother, by Uranus, ofthe CYCLOPES, the TITANS, and others, and, by Pontus, of five sea divinities. Shehelped do the overthrow of Uranus by the Titans and was worshiped as thecardinal goddess, the female parent of all things.giantsgiant ( Jemaah Islamiyah? ent ) , in mythology, manlike being of great size and strength ; a brutishpower of nature, missing the stature of Gods and the civilisation of humanity. Inmany civilizations, e.g.
, Greek, Scandinavian, and Native American, giants werebelieved to be the first race of people that inhabited the Earth.Great Mother of the Supreme beingsGreat Mother of the Gods, in ancient Middle Eastern faith ( and subsequently in Greece,Rome, and W Asia ) , mother goddess, the great symbol of the Earth & # 8217 ; s birthrate. Asthe originative force in nature she was worshiped under many names, includingASTARTE ( Syria ) , CERES ( Rome ) , CYBELE ( Phrygia ) , DEMETER ( Greece ) ,ISHTAR ( Babylon ) , and ISIS ( Egypt ) . The ulterior signifiers of her cult involved theworship of a male divinity ( her boy or lover, e.g. , ADONIS, OSIRIS ) , whose deceaseand Resurrection symbolized the regenerative power of the Earth.PlutosHades ( ha? dez ) , in Greek mythology.
1 The swayer of the underworld, normallycalled PLUTO. 2 The universe of the dead, ruled by Pluto and PERSEPHONE.Guarded by CERBERUS, it was either belowground or in the far West, and wasseparated from the land of the life by five rivers.
One of these was the STYX,across which the dead were ferried. Three Judgess decided the destiny of psyches ;heroes went to the ELYSIAN FIELDS, sinners to TARTARUS.HecateHecate ( hek? e-te ) , in Greek mythology, goddess of shades and witchery. Anattender of PERSEPHONE, she was a spirit of black thaumaturgy, able to raise updreams and the liquors of the dead.
She haunted cemeteries and hamlets.HeliosHelios ( he? le-os? ) ( he? Leo ) , in Greek mythology, the Sun God ; boy of the TITANSHyperion and Theia ; male parent of PHAETHON. Each forenoon he left a castle in theE and crossed the sky in a aureate chariot, so returned along the riverOceanus. He was a national God in Rhodes, where a COLOSSUS representedhim.
In Rome, he was known as Sol and was an of import God.HereHera ( hir? vitamin E ) , in Greek mythology, queen of OLYMPIAN Gods ; girls ofCRONUS and RHEA ; married woman and sister of ZEUS ; female parent of ARES andHEPHAESTUS. A covetous married woman, she plagued Zeus, his kept womans, and hisoffspring, e.g. , HERCULES. Hera was powerful and widely worshiped as the& lt ;< p>protectress of adult females, matrimony, and childbearing.
The Romans identified her withJUNO.Heracless, HerculessHeracless, Heracles or Herakles, most popular Grecian hero, celebrated for strength andbravery. The boy of Alcmene and ZEUS, he was hated by HERA, who sentsnakes to his cradle ; he strangled them.
Subsequently Hera drove Hercules mad and heswerve his married woman and kids. He sought purification at the tribunal of King Eurystheus,who set him 12 mighty labours: killing the Nemean king of beasts and HYDRA ; driving off theStymphalian birds ; cleaning the Augean stallss ; capturing the Cerynean hind,Cretan bull, female horses of Diomed, Erymanthian Sus scrofa, cowss of Geryon, andCERBERUS ; and securing the girdle of Hippolyte and the aureate apples of theAtlantidess. He was subsequently involved in the Calydonian Hunt ( see MELEAGER ) andthe Argonaut expedition ( see JASON ) . At his decease he rose to OLYMPUS, wherehe was reconciled with Hera and married HEBE.
Represented as a powerful adult malewith king of beasts & # 8217 ; s tegument and nine, he was widely worshiped. He is the hero of dramas bySOPHOCLES, EURIPIDES, and SENECA.HermesHermes ( hur? mez ) , in Greek mythology, boy of ZEUS and Maia ; courier of theGods and music director of psyches to HADES. He was besides the God of travellers, of fortune,music, fluency, commercialism, immature work forces, darnels, and stealers. He was said tohold invented the lyre and flute. The exuberant Hermaea festival was celebrated inhis award.
Hermes was represented with winged chapeaus and sandals, transporting theCADUCEUS. He is equated with the Roman MERCURY.HestiaHestia ( Hes? te-e ) , in Greek mythology, goddess of the fireplace ; girl ofCRONUS and RHEA.
Widely worshiped, she was a sort divinity who representedpersonal and communal security and felicity. The Romans identified her withVESTA.MeleagerMeleager ( melea? jer ) , hero of Greek mythology. At his birth a prognostication said thathe would decease when a certain log in the fire burned. His female parent hid the log, andMeleager grew to be a celebrated warrior.
When ARTEMIS sent a immense Sus scrofa toharry his land, Meleager led a set of heroes, including CASTOR ANDPOLLUX, THESEUS, and JASON, in the Calydonian Hunt, and killed the Sus scrofa.Meleager gave its fur to the huntress ATALANTA, and when his uncles tried totake it he killed them. In retaliation his female parent burned the concealed log, and Meleagerdied.MidasMidas ( mi? diethylstilbestrols ) , in Greek mythology, male monarch of Phrygia.
Because he befriendedSILENUS, DIONYSUS granted him the power to turn everything he touched intogold. When even his nutrient became gold, he washed off his power in thePactolus River.MinosMinos ( mi? Nes ) ( mi? nos, ? Nes ) , in Greek mythology, male monarch of CRETE, boy of ZEUSand Europa. The wealthiest swayer in the Mediterranean country, he was presumptivelyan existent antediluvian Cretan male monarch for whom the MINOAN CIVILIZATION is named. Infable, he was the hubby of Pasiphae and the male parent of Androgeus, Glaucus,ARIADNE, and PHAEDRA.NarcissusNarcissus, in Greek mythology, beautiful young person who refused all love, includingECHO & # 8217 ; s. As penalty for his indifference, he was made to fall in love with hisain image in a pool, whereupon he pined off, and turned into a flower.nymphnymph ( nimf ) , in Greek mythology, female deity, immortal or durable,associated with assorted natural objects or topographic points.
Some represented specificvicinities, e.g. , the acheloids of the River Achelous ; others were identified withmore general physiographic characteristics, e.g.
, oreads with mountains, water nymphs withorganic structures of fresh H2O, Nereids with the Mediterranean, oceanids with the ocean,wood nymphs with trees ; and some were associated with a map of nature, e.g. ,hamadryads, who lived and died with a peculiar tree. Nymphs were regarded asimmature, beautiful, musical, and amative.OlympicOlympic ( o-lim? pe-en ) , in Greek myth, one of the 12 Gods who ruled the existencefrom their place on Mt. Olympus. Led by ZEUS, they were: HERA, his sister andmarried woman ; POSEIDON and PLUTO ( HADES ) , his brothers ; HESTIA, his sister ; and hiskids, ARES, HERMES, APOLLO, HEPHAESTUS, ATHENA, APHRODITE, andARTEMIS. Similar to worlds in visual aspect and character, the Olympians areknown to us chiefly from the plants of HOMER and HESIOD.
prophetprophet ( ? r? e-kel ) , in Greek faith, priest or priestess who imparted a God & # 8217 ; sresponse to a human inquirer ; besides the response itself and the shrine. Methodsof divination included reading of dreams, observation of marks, andreading of the actions of beguiled individuals. Among the celebrated prophets werethose of ZEUS at Dodona and of APOLLO at DELPHI.OrpheusOrpheus ( or? fees, or? fy? s ) ( or? fe-es ) ( or? fees, or? fy? s ) , in Greek mythology,Thracian instrumentalist ; boy of the MUSE Calliope by APOLLO or by Oeagrus, a male monarchof Thrace. He is said to hold played the lyre so attractively that he charmed theanimals, trees, and rivers. He married the nymph Eurydice, and when she died hedescended to HADES to seek for her. He was allowed to return with her onstatus that he non look back at her, but he disobeyed and lost her forever.
Grief-stricken, he wandered for old ages. In one fable, he worshiped Apollo aboveDIONYSUS, who caused the Thracians to rupture him to pieces. Orpheus wascelebrated in the ORPHIC MYSTERIES.PanPan ( pan ) , in Greek mythology, pastoral God of birthrate ; worshiped chiefly inARCADIA. He was depicted as a merry, ugly adult male with a caprine animal & # 8217 ; s horns, ears, andlegs. All his myths trade with his amative personal businesss.
He came to be associated withthe Grecian DIONYSUS and the Roman FAUNUS, both birthrate Gods.PandoraPandora, in Greek mythology, first adult female on Earth. ZEUS ordered her creative activity asretribution on adult male and his helper, PROMETHEUS, to whose brotherEpimetheus he sent her. Zeus gave her a box that he forbade her to open. Shedisobeyed and allow out all the universe & # 8217 ; s immoralities. Merely hope remained in the box.DespoinaDespoina ( persef? east northeast ) or Proserpine ( prosur? pene ) , in Greek and Romanmythology, goddess of birthrate, queen of the underworld ; girl of ZEUS andDemeter.
She was abducted by PLUTO, who held her prisoner in HADES.Demeter persuaded the Gods to allow her return to earth for eight months a twelvemonth. Hernarrative, celebrated in the ELEUSINIAN MYSTERIES, symbolized the vegetativerhythm. When she left the Earth, life withered ; when she returned, it blossomedafresh.PerseusPerseus ( pur? se-es ) , in Greek mythology, boy of ZEUS and Danae. Told by anprophet that Perseus would kill him, his gramps Acrisius set him and Danaeafloat in a thorax, from which they were rescued by King Polydectes.
Later, seeingPerseus as an obstruction to his love for Danae, the male monarch sent him to bring the caputof the GORGON Medusa. The Gods aided Perseus, and he slew Medusa. Flingfrom the other Gorgons, Perseus was refused assistance by ATLAS, who was turned intoa rock mountain by Medusa & # 8217 ; s caput.
On his manner place, Perseus rescuedANDROMEDA and married her. Later, while viing in a discus competition,Perseus by chance killed Acrisius, therefore carry throughing the prognostication.PhaedraPhaedra ( fU? dre ) , in Greek mythology, girl of MINOS and PasiphaU, married woman ofTHESEUS. When her stepson, Hippolytus, rejected her love, she accused him ofcolza, so hanged herself. The fable was dramatized by EURIPIDES, SENECA,and RACINE.PhaethonPhaethon ( fa? e-thon? ) ( fa? ethen ) or Phaeton ( fa? eten ) , in Greek myth, boy ofHELIOS. He lost control of his male parent & # 8217 ; s aureate chariot, which in falling dried theLibyan Desert. ZEUS avoided the existence & # 8217 ; s devastation merely by killing Phaethon.
PhrygiaPhrygia, ancient part, cardinal Asia Minor ( now cardinal Turkey ) . The Phrygians,seemingly Indo-Europeans, entered ( c.1200 B.C.
) the country from the Balkans. Theland of Phrygia ( Florida. 8th? 6th cent. B.C. ) is associated in Greek fable withMIDAS and GORDIUS. Phrygia was subsequently dominated in bend by Lydia, the Gauls,Pergamum, and Rome.
PoseidonPoseidon ( po-sid? N ) ( posi? lair ) , in Greek faith, God of the sea, defender of allWaterss. Powerful, violent, and vengeful, he carried the trident, with which hecaused temblors. He was the hubby of Amphitrite and the male parent of manyboies, most either barbarous work forces ( e.g. , ORION ) or monsters ( e.g. , POLYPHEMUS ) .
Hewas besides of import as Hippios, God of Equus caballuss, and was the male parent of PEGASUS.The Romans identified him with NEPTUNE.PygmalionPygmalion ( pig-mal? hankering ) , in Greek mythology, male monarch of Cyprus, sculpturer of abeautiful statue of a adult female. When he prayed to APHRODITE for a married woman like it, shebrought the statue ( Galatea ) to life, and Pygmalion married her.RheaRhea ( re? vitamin E ) , in Greek mythology, a TITAN ; married woman and sister of CRONUS ; female parent ofZEUS, POSEIDON, PLUTO, HESTIA, HERA, and DEMETER. She aided Zeus inthe overthrow of Cronus. Associated with birthrate, her worship was outstanding inCRETE.
In Rome Rhea was worshiped as Magna Mater and identified with Ops.silenussilenus, in Greek mythology, portion bestial, portion human animal of woods andmountains. Followings of DIONYSUS, the sileni are normally represented as elderlySATYRS. In some fables Silenus is the oldest lecher, the boy of HERMES orPAN, and the comrade, advisor, or coach of Dionysus.StyxStyx ( st? Kansas ) , in Greek mythology, sacred river in HADES crossed by the psyches ofthe dead, who were ferried by Charon.GehennaTartarus ( tar? ter-es ) , in Greek mythology, lowest part of HADES, where thewicked, e.
g. , SISYPHUS, TANTALUS, were punished.TheseusTheseus, Athenian hero ; boy of King Aegeus. Of his many adventures the mostcelebrated was the murder of the MINOTAUR, which he accomplished with the aid ofARIADNE, girl of King MINOS of Crete. As male monarch of Athens he institutedseveral reforms, notably the federalisation of the Attic communities. In the land ofthe AMAZONS he abducted Antiope, who bore him Hippolytus.
When a vengefulAmazon ground forces invaded Athens Theseus defeated it. Antiope was killed, andTheseus subsequently married PHAEDRA. When he and his friend Piritho? s attempted totake Persephone from HADES, they were imprisoned at that place until HERCULESrescued Theseus. When Theseus returned to Athens he found it corrupt andrebellious.
He sailed to Skyros, where he was murdered by King Lycomedes.OuranosUranus ( y? r? e-nes ) , in Greek mythology, the celestial spheres, first swayer of the existence ;boy and hubby of GAEA ; male parent of TITANS, CYCLOPS, and Hundred-handedOnes. Uranus was castrated and dethroned by CRONUS. His blood, falling ontoEarth, produced the vindictive FURIES ; from his discarded flesh and the seaAPHRODITE arose.ZeusZeus ( omega? s ) , in Greek faith, supreme God ; boy of CRONUS, whom he succeeded,and RHEA ; brother and hubby of HERA.
After the overthrow of the TITANS,when tonss were cast to split the existence, the underworld went to HADES, thesea to POSEIDON, and the celestial spheres and Earth to Zeus. An amative God, he lovedgoddesses, nymphs, and persons, and fathered many kids. Governing from histribunal on Mt. Olympus, Zeus was the symbol of power, regulation, and jurisprudence ; the rewarderof good ; and the punisher of immorality.
Besides the God of conditions ( his most celebratedarm was the bolt of lightning ) and birthrate, he was worshiped in connexion withabout every facet of life. The Romans equated Zeus with their ain supremeGod, JUPITER.