Good morning to lecturer and fellow classmates, today I would like to talk about deforestation. Deforestation is elimination of forest and woodland areas on the large scale. Nowadays, deforestation has risen to dangerous levels. Deforestation is a common problem among developing and develops countries. Most of the land was used for building and agricultural expansion. Commercial logging causes deforestation. Trees provide timber for building construction, furniture manufacture, and thousands of household items. Lot of forests disappear because need to build railways and roads. Besides that, forest fires are one of the causes.
Some forest fire done by human while some cause by hot weather. In addition, some tress also cut down to make fuel. Wood was the very first fuel, and is still used for cooking and heating by about half of the world’s population. Deforestation causes a lot of problems. First of all, deforestation causes erosion of soil. Trees are essential to the eco-systems. It reaching roots hold soil in place and fight erosion. Without it when raining, the water will flow to the river, days by days the river will become swallow. This problems might cause flooding . Forests are home for thousand of flora and fauna.
When deforestation happen, the problems of losing of biodiversity will be occur. Country will loss many precious flora and fauna. Several action can be taken. One of the ways is start by participating in recycling programs. There are industries that are focused at recycling paper. Old and used paper would just be processed and turned into new paper products. If the practice becomes wide-scaled, the number of trees that has to be cut down would be reduced. Governments need start implementing legislations that would effectively prevent the continued practice of deforestation. Punishment should be given to offender.
By this, there would be less people and companies that would take part in deforestation. Rain and dry forests should be declared as national properties and be turned into national parks to preserve the forests. Reforestation can solve deforestation too. Forests are replanted with trees. In years, the forests would be much alive again. Deforestation could be slowed down. For each cut tree, a new one should be replanted. As a conclusion, Earth is the only place that we call it as homes, so it is our responsibility to protect our earth from being harm by any environment problems. Thank you.