Despite a lot of interest and research in thefield of leadership, there is still a lack of consensus over what makes aleader effective (Higgs, 2003; Kets de Vries, 1993). TL behaviors have beenconsistently related to leadership effectiveness (Lowe et al., 1996; Waldman etal., 1987) and business unit outcomes.
Leaders are not just what they thinkthey are. They are also what their followers perceive them as. While focusingon the characteristics of an effective leader, collecting self-perceptions ofone’s own leadership behavior gives us one perspective on the issue. Collectiveperceptions of followers and superiors also help us to understand the dynamicsof leadership in a comprehensive manner. TL is a process whereby ordinarypeople can bring forth the best in themselves and others too. TL exhibits fourtypes of behaviors, that is, behavioral charisma, inspirational motivation, intellectualstimulation, and individualized consideration.
Charisma arouses strong followeremotions and leader identification by the follower (Dvir et al., 2002). It hasbeen found that the TL enhances followers’ development.Relational identification occurs when peopleadopt attitudes and behaviors to be associated with a satisfying, self-definingrelationship with another person or group. The personalized relationshipbetween transformational leader and followers’ create an environment in whichthe followers’ feel happy to work with their leader (Dasborough &Ashkanasy, 2002). Teamwork is a joint action by two or more people, in whicheach person contributes with different skills and expresses his or herindividual interests and opinions to the unity and efficiency of the group inorder to achieve common goals. This does not mean that the individual is nolonger important; however, it does mean that effective and efficient teamworkgoes beyond individual accomplishments.
The most effective teamwork is producedwhen all the individuals involved harmonize their contributions and worktowards a common goal.