DIFFERENT TYPES OF OPERATING
SYSTEMS

In
this Assignment I will be discussing about the different type of operating
systems specifically the differences
between the two Operating Systems. Shown below will be a
comparison of windows and Linux. A operating system is a powerful program which
control and manages the hardware and software on your computer.

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          MICROSOFT                          WINDOWS
 

Introduction

Microsoft Windows is a series of interface operating
systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft. Microsoft introduced the
operating November 20, 1985 as a graphical operating system shell for MS-DOS.

Cost

£89.42
– £149.99, £51.85 for students, £74 to upgrade to pro

Development and Distribution

Developed
and distributed by Microsoft.

Manufacturer

Microsoft

Company / developer

Microsoft

User

Everyone

Update method

Windows Update

Preceded by

MS-DOS

License

Proprietary

Available language(s)

Multilingual

Usage

On
PC’s desktops, laptops, servers and some phones.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

          
                 APPLE      LINUX

Introduction

Linux is a Unix-like and POSIX-compliant computer
operating system assembled under the model of free and open source software
development and distribution. The defining component of Linux is the Linux
kernel, an operating system kernel first released

Cost

Linux can be downloaded freely, distributed through
magazines, There are priced versions for Linux also, but they are normally
cheaper than Windows.

Development
and Distribution

Linux is developed by Open Source development i.e.
through sharing and collaboration of code and features through forums etc and
it is distributed by various vendors.

Manufacturer

Linux kernel is developed by the community. Linus
Torvalds is the official owner of the Linux software. Which is been inserted
into the mac enterprise.

Company
/ developer

Linus Torvalds and the Linux community. anyone can
develop this software where you can change the source. 

User

Everyone From home users to developers and computer

Update
method

Many

License

GNU
General Public License

Available
language(s)

Multilingual

Usage

Linux can be installed on a wide variety of computer
hardware, ranging from mobile phones, tablet computers and video game
consoles, to mainframes and supercomputers.

 

 

WINDOWS

PROS

CONS

Integration

Almost
everything works or is compatible with windows.

Security

The
window operating system is being used by everyone where viruses and malware
can be inputted in by users.

Support
 
lots
of help from forum and help procedure. As well as Q to help you which
is in the same area as you

Cost

As
windows is free you will need buy to upgrade this, so it will cost as well.
 
 

Ease
of use
most
people from students to grown up use windows because of the easy access. 

Size
Some
versions of windows can take a lot of memory, which can be frustrating. 
 

 

LINUX

PROS

CONS

Software
is completely free to use. You can download it, install it and modify it.

As
shown Mac costs more than windows overall. Which can be expensive if you’re a
student if you want to save money.

Viruses
– Linux get almost no viruses and any other malware. Windows has a lot to
work with.

Gamer
unfriendly which is renowned for not being compatible with games.

Stability
Linux
Never crashes unless if there’s something wrong with your computer. All of
the other problems in your Mac has to do with the packages.

 
Many
mainstreams application requires patches and better versions to work

updates
– When your computer has to restart, it restarts like every other time, no
waiting for Windows to finish updating! You can also update whenever is
convenient.

Limited
support for applications. Although you can use Microsoft Office for Windows
on Linux by using an open source version of the Windows application
programing interface called WINE.

 

 

Functions of the Operating System

The functions are within the interface of the computer/laptop. Which provides
the user to interact with the computer. The examples are shown below the
functions. CPU –
runs applications and executes and cancels processes multi-tasks – allows
multiple applications to run at the same time manages memory. Transfers
programs into and out of memory, allocates free space between programs, and
keeps track of memory usage manages peripherals. Opens, closes and writes to
peripheral devices such as storage attached to the computer. Creates a file
system to organize files and directories security. Provides security through
user accounts and passwords.

 

File Management

LINUX AND WINDOWS
FILE SYSTEM

Manages how data is
organized into files. This makes it easier for the user to see files using
programs like the Windows File Explorer or Mac OS X Finder. The OS organizes
where and how files are stored, deleted, found and repaired. It detects
errors such as missing disks or incorrect file names, and informs the user
that if there’s any errors have occurred. Then it must be replaced or deleted.
The windows is very similar to Linux but there are very small changes like if
you open the manager the files shown but when in Linux it sometimes never
shows so you have to search for it.   

 

 

 

 

Suitability – Use

Also, as Windows is more
widely available with 90% of the people using it, there are also a number of
applications suited to Windows. This is mainly because the creators and
programmers want their programs and applications to be adopted by as many
people as possible (90% of the market is more attractive than just 10%). This
also applies to games. Most of the games available on the market are designed
for Windows. Only later, are they tweaked, adapted, and ported for OS X, if
ever at all.

 

 

 

Ability to Customise – Windows

In Windows 7 you can’t really
customise as in Linux OS, for Linux you can how which every apps your child uses
you can reduce them. Secondly preventing children emailing random people
which can risk full. On the other hand, for Windows for children you can set a
time limit for accessing the laptop/pc. I would say Linux goes two far ahead
with more accessibilities.

 

 

 

Ease of Management

Windows is more popular, but
in Linux it’s so much easy to manage tasks. For example, you can easily
access so many applications by pressing a few buttons on the keyboard. The features
of the mac can be found fast where you can use these features to modify or personalize.
Windows might be a bit easier because there are loads of tutorials available to
see. But I would prefer Linux because its just so much easier to use where
accessibility is key to use. All the keys direct your somewhere where every
you want to go it will put you in there direction. 

 

 

 

Crash/Bugs

Also, due to this, Macs are
less prone to crashes and are considered more reliable. This also makes it
pretty easy to figure out what’s going wrong with a Mac. Macs have three
applications that are all in the same place and help you figure out what
could be the problem. These are the Activity Monitor (a more powerful version
of Windows Task Manager), Console (which shows all system logs in one place),
and Disk Utility (which helps one identify disk integrity issues).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Software Utilities for Windows & Linux

 
The OS uses applications called utilities which allow the user to
manage the computer. There are many different utility programs and they may
vary across operating systems. They are often accessed via a special menu or
control panel in the OS.
 
 
The Intel Graphics
Installer tool is a must-have for those running Intel graphics hardware who
want the best performance they can get. It makes finding and installing the
latest Intel GPU drivers a painless, fuss-free affair — no PPAs or Terminal
kung foo needed. Mainly for the windows.
 
 
If
you plan on upgrading your PC or replacing a worn-out part you’ll need to get
some specific hardware details, such as RAM type, CPU socket set or what PCI
slots are available. I-Nex makes unearthing this, and host of other detailed
system stats, easy. Use it to find your motherboard model number, RAM
stepping, S.M.A.R.T. status and…well, pretty much anything else you can think
of!
 
There are more Windows Software’s where on the other hand there is a shortage
of good software’s for macs. Software utilities is crazy where Windows own
software can run on Mac which is crazy in a certain number of ways. How you
say well using emulation software. In this life time artists are all using
macs where for example video art is mainly done on a mac. Which is insane. but
Windows will always rule every type of software and the non-creative world. because
Windows’s computer/desktops are so much cheaper than Macs but not as powerful.
 
 
Windows
users will be familiar with applications like CCleaner because it’s well
known in the windows facilities. What does ICleaner do? Basically it scans
for anything and clean out junk files. For a similarly quick and effortless
click n’ clean solution on Ubuntu try BleachBit. It is a powerful tool, so
you need to pay attention to what you’re cleaning. Don’t click all the
options think smartly that will affect you’re a computer
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUMMARY
WINDOWS AND LINUX

In
conclusion, no operating system is better than the other. The final choice is
up to you. If you’re a gamer, then you have no choice, go for the Windows
where models from Alienware to razer will be accessible to you. Programmers
might prefer Linux which has video editing on, as well as producers will
probably move towards windows. As some software’s are not available on mac
for example FL Studio.  The best thing
to do is to probably try each system, work around each Difference of each
system and see whether which one is best for you!
 
 
Both operating system is outstanding
with reliability, with only a
few years ago windows is at the top of primary operating system for companies.
Around the world as well as companies, schools, colleges and universities. but
as shown in the list windows security isn’t up to part with Linux as Linux’s
security is very rock solid. With windows viruses can enter within seconds
can intrude the whole system. Secondly for myself I love gaming and I need a
laptop that can handle strong quality graphics. As with all gaming companies
they’ve all grouped up with windows which can shows so much. There are so
many advantages with windows shown above same with Linux. But with Linux
gaming is a downgrade meaning you cannot play games with a MacBook if you
tried because there will so be lag. So, do not pay video games on a mac. In
this assignment I’ve explained every feature or similarities. Also, I have found
differences between the two Operating Systems which shows similarities for
both.