The Puritans and the Pilgrims both migrated to North America to get away spiritual persecution due to their positions about the Church of England. They created really small literature because authorship was viewed as satanic in both civilizations. All that was written in Puritan New England were plants to laud God and record journeys for historical intents. The most celebrated poets of this period include Anne Bradstreet and Edward Taylor. William Bradford. the governor of the Plymouth Colony. kept a diary of the events that took topographic point on the journey over on the Mayflower and life within the settlement. Jonathan Edwards. a curate during the Great Awakening wrote the discourse “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God. ” These writers illustrated the following spiritual beliefs in their plants: natural corruption. resistless grace. and unconditioned election.
Puritans believed that all work forces sinned and that all work forces were of an evil nature. Curates instructed them to seek their psyches for wickednesss and inquire God for forgiveness. In the 1730’s and 1740’s the Puritan faith began to lose followings. Several curates went to extreme steps to acquire their followings to adhere to the instruction in the Bible more severely. “There are in the psyche of wicked work forces those beastly rules reigning. that would soon inflame and flare out into snake pit fire. if it were non for God’s restraints. ” ( 101 ) . The anterior extract demonstrates the natural corruption of work forces. Puritans were instructed to often seek through their psyches for cases of which they had done evil behaviors. The act of changeless psyche seeking wore many Puritans down and caused them to change over to a different religion while others were driven in to a psychotic province. Edwards besides stated that “Your evil makes you as it were heavy as lead and to be given downwards with great weight and force per unit area towards Hell ; …” ( 103 ) .
The transition refers to the evil of work forces. Hearing every Sunday that you possess natural evil which drags you down towards snake pit is one of the grounds the Puritan religion became unpopular and finally died out. In his discourse. he besides stated “So that therefore it is. that natural work forces are held in the manus of God over the cavity of Hell ; they have deserved the fiery cavity. and are already sentenced to it ; …” ( 103 ) . Edwards and other sermonizers of the Great Awakening depict God as an angry and barbarous adult male and stop up losing many followings of the Puritan religion in the terminal as members of the religion viewed God as mean and inhumane and they felt he was unaccessible to them.
Another Puritan belief that was conspicuously displayed in their literature was unconditioned election. Unconditional election provinces that God decides whether a adult male will travel to heaven or hell before he or she is even born. The poet. Anne Bradstreet illustrates the subject in her verse form “Upon the Burning of Our House” “And. when I could no longer look. / I blest His name that gave and took. / That laid my goods no in the dust: / Yea so it was. and so ’twas merely. / It was his ain: it was non mine ; / Far be it that I should repine. ” ( 53 ) .
This illustration states that even though her house and earthly ownerships are ruined she can take comfort in the fact that the Lord has a house waiting for her in Eden. In another 1 of her verse forms. ” To My Dear and Loving Husband” . Anne represents the same subject “Thy love is such I can no manner repay ; / The celestial spheres reward thee manifold. I pray. / Then while we live. in love let’s so persever. / That when we live no more we may populate of all time. ” ( 51 ) . Edward Taylor. another poet of the colonial epoch. writes
verse form in the mentality of being one of the unconditionally chosen. He states in the verse form “Huswifery” “Then cloath therewith mine Understanding. Will. / Affections. Judgment. Conscience. Memory/ My Words. and Actions. that their radiance may fill/ My wayes with glorification and thee glorify. / Then mine dress shall expose before yee. / ( 70 ) . Taylor proclaims he is inquiring God to dress him in cognition of the following life and that he believes he is of the unconditionally chosen for inquiring for this apprehension.
Yet another reoccurring subject in the Hagiographas of the Puritans was resistless grace. Irresistible grace provinces work forces survive by the grace of God. William Bradford uses this subject many times in his history of the Pilgrims journey to the new universe titled Of Plymouth Plantation. Bradford wrote. “But herewith they broke their mast in three pieces and their canvas fell overboard in a bery adult sea. so as they had like to hold been cast off. Yet by God’s clemency they recovered themselves. and holding the inundation with them struck into the seaport. ” ( 34 ) . He indicates that the Pilgrims were at the clemency of God and by his grace they found the seaport and survived. Bradford subsequently refers to an case when some Pilgrims were researching the country around a possible cantonment site. “Men. Indians! Indians! ” And withal. their pointers came winging amongst them.
Their work forces ran with all velocity to retrieve their weaponries. as by the good Providence of God they did. ” ( 33 ) . Here Bradford glorifies God for leting the Pilgrims to acquire to their arms before them all fell victims to the pointers of the Indians. Bradford greatens the name of God one time more in the history of John Howland. “…as they therefore lay in a mighty storm. a lustful immature adult male called John Howland. coming upon some juncture above the grates was. with a seele of the ship. was thrown into sea ; but it pleased God he caught clasp of the topsail halyards…” ( 28 ) . Unlike the adult male who feel overboard and drowned. for teasing the sick and hapless. John Howland had the graces of God extended to him and was rescued from the stormy Waterss.
Throughout the Colonial Age Puritans and Pilgrims emphasized three major subjects in their literature. They wrote of resistless grace. the natural corruption bing in all of adult male sort. and predestination for those among the unconditionally elite. Three authors of the period. Bradstreet. Taylor. and Bradford. utilize their plants to laud God and denote themselves among the unconditionally elite. The 4th. Jonathan Edwards wrote a discourse in an effort to frighten followings in to the more rigorous Puritans ways of yesteryear in an effort to salvage the faith.