Education in the Philippines is managed and regulated by the Department of Education. normally referred to as the DepEd in the state. The Department of Education controls the Philippine instruction system. including the course of study used in schools and the allotment of financess. It besides regulates the building of schools and other educational installations and the enlisting of instructors and staff.
Before Filipino independency in 1946. the country’s instruction system was patterned on the system of its colonial powers. Spainand the United States.
However. after Filipino independency. its educational system changed radically. Until 2011.
the basic instruction system was composed of six old ages of simple instruction get downing at the age of 6. and four old ages of high school instruction get downing at the age of 12.Further instruction was provided by proficient or vocational schools.
or in higher instruction establishments such as universities. Although the 1987 Constitution stated that simple instruction was mandatory. this was ne’er enforced. [ commendation needed ] In 2011. the state started to passage from its old 10-year basic educational system to a K-12 educational system. as mandated by the Department of Education. [ 3 ] The new 12-year system is now mandatory.
along with the acceptance of new course of study for all schools ( see 2010s and the K-12 plan ) . The passage period will stop with the 2017-2018 school twelvemonth. which is the graduation day of the month for the first group of pupils who entered the new educational system.All public schools in the Philippines must get down categories on the day of the month mandated by the Department of Education ( normally the first Monday of June ) . and must stop after each school completes the mandated 200-day school calendar organized by the Department of Education ( normally around the 3rd hebdomad of March to the 2nd hebdomad of April ) . Private schools are non obliged to stay by a specific day of the month. but must open classes no subsequently than the last hebdomad of August.Third schools in the Philippines has varied rating systems.
Most universities [ including institutes and colleges ] . peculiarly public establishments. follow the class point system graduated table of 5. 00 – 1. 00.
in which 1. 00 is the highest class and 5. 00 is the lowest possible class. Some universities may follow the 1. 000 – 4. 000 rating system. Patterned after American universities. This system uses the 4.
0 grade point equality as the highest class. while 1. 0 grade point equality is considered the lowest possible class. 0. 0 grade point equality is considered a neglecting grade.
The General Weighted Average is a representation ( frequently numerical ) of the overall scholastic standing of pupils used for rating. GWA is based on the classs in all topics taken at a peculiar degree including topics taken outside of the course of study. Representation of the topics taken merely in a specific course of study is called the Curriculum Weighted Average ( CWA ) . [ 1 ] [ 2 ]Education in the United States is provided by public schools and private schools. Public instruction is universally available. with control and funding coming from the province. local. and federal authorities.
[ 4 ] Publicschool course of study. support. instruction. employment. and other policies are set through locally elected school boards. who have legal power over single school territories. State authoritiess set educational criterions and mandate standardised trials for public school systems.
[ elucidation needed ] Private schools are by and large free to find their ain course of study and staffing policies. with voluntary accreditation available through independent regional accreditation governments. 88 % of school-age kids attend public schools. 9 % attend private schools. and about 3 % are homeschooled. [ 5 ]Education is compulsory over an age scope get downing between five and eight and stoping someplace between ages 16 and 18.
depending on the province. [ 6 ] This demand can be satisfied in public schools. state-certified private schools. or an sanctioned place school plan.
In most schools. instruction is divided into three degrees: simple school. center or junior high school. and high school.
Childs are normally divided by age groups into classs. runing from kindergarten and first class for the youngest kids. up to twelfth class as the concluding twelvemonth of high school. There are besides a big figure and broad assortment of publically and in private administered establishments of higher instruction throughout the state.