ETHICS
IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

 

Assignment-
1

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Name: Varnika Chennur

VUID: 4005178

Honor Code: ” I have neither given
or received , nor have I tolerated others’ use of unauthorized aid”

 

Q.
Can you think of other kinds of problems, besides those noted in section 1.5,
where the computer has raised a unique dilemma not seen in previous ethical
experience?

 

Ans.  In section 1.5, Ethicists  such as James H.Moor, Deborah Johnson have
stated and argued that computers are logically malleable.  Computer ethics are not too different from
ethics in other fields such Environment, Law, Medicine etc. Newer problems in
Computer ethics arise due to innovation and technology advancements. An 18th
century philosopher Immanuel Kant  did
not believe animals had rights. He says, Ethics until now has been
anthropocentric but it is changing as the society changes with too many developments.
Theorists and Ethicists in the chapter have mentioned about problems such as
digital divide, profanity, copy right issues, information security, accessibility,
safety issues, identity theft etc.

 

I
agree that these issues are continuing and creating differences in the society.
Apart from the problems mentioned in the chapter, my personal take would be-Influence of Artificial Intelligence on
Technology.

 

–      
Artificial Intelligence affecting our behavior:  Artificially intelligent bots are becoming
better day by day at modelling human behavior. In 2015, for the first time a
bot named Eugene Goostman won the Turing challenge. In this challenge, the bot misled
a panel of judges that he was a real boy. The test was less about building
machines intelligent enough to convince human beings that they are real. The
programs can get ahead certain questions from humans to pre-form and come back
with semi-intelligible answers. This breakthrough is only the start of an age
where we will frequently interact with machines as if they are humans whether
in sales or customer service.

 

–      
 Also, as the technology is moving on a very
fast pace it is destroying family/human relations slowly. It slowly affects our
identity, our sense of privacy, the time we devote to family and friends. It
affects human psychology. Technology can be used for the betterment of the
society but in wrong hands it could prove to be detrimental.

 

–      
Inequality in wages-  Economy system is assessed using an hourly
wage. But if we use artificial intelligence, a company could cut down on human
workforce. This step will lead to cutting down on employees and accompanied by
machines that run on AI. This way the AI companies make all the money.
Consequences depending on AI for workforces will lead to increase in unfair
distribution of wages and unemployment to many.

 

–      
 Security Issues:  Artificial Intelligence is taking over
computer technology. The more powerful a technology becomes, the more it could
be used for nefarious reasons. This applies not only to the robots that substitute
human soldiers but also to the systems that could damage the National security
and Cyber Security which is very important. It is not just about the
adversaries that we should be worried about but about the evil that turns it
against us. For instance, Mark Zuckerberg of Facebook created AI bot for the
messenger. The bot created its own language which scared Zuckerberg and he shut
it down.

 

If
everything is mechanized by bots and machines the question arises of how are we
going to spend our time in the coming future? What happens to the work force?  What is the importance of human values? Is there
any equality in employment wages?

 

If
we continue to consider machines as objects that can perceive and act as
humans, it is not a huge leap to ponder their status. We should all keep in
mind by considering the risks of technology, machines that improve with
technology means better lives for everyone. It should not bring peoples lives
on stake. It should be implemented in a responsible manner.