Faraz GivehkiMr.NostrorasUS History19/January/2018Unlike how many people think, the reason the colonists declared independence from Britain was not just because of taxes, it’s way more complicated than that. The 13 colonists declared independence from Britain for many reasons. The colonists believed that the way Britain treated them was totally unfair. They didn’t have a voice.
They didn’t have a representative in the British parliament. Britain tried to pay all the money used in the French and Indian wars by passing many acts such as the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act that levied the already heavy taxes even more. Moreover, The Navigation Acts also added the way that British Empire tried to impose more tax and limit the colonies. What was bothering to them even more was what was inside. The presence of the British army in the cities at all times and having the rights to do anything they want to do.”No Taxation Without Representation”(Wikipedia, Paragraph 1) was a slogan used during the 1750s and 1760s that summarized one of the main American colonists’ complains in the 13 colonies. The colonists didn’t have a voice in the British parliament at all.
Members of the British parliament kept passing different acts and rules that was only beneficial to them, and only to them. The colonists neither had any way to state their opinions nor had a way to request an improvement in their lives. They were treated as second-class British citizens.
They didn’t originally want to separate from Britain, rather they just wanted to acquire right to be able to vote in the parliament since they believed their interests and profits were not considered by British government until they didn’t have a voice.After Britain fought with the Frenchs and the Indians, British Parliament of Great Britain passed the Sugar Act also called Plantation Act or Revenue Act. The Sugar Act was passed to pay for all the money used at the war.
There was another Molasses Act, passed in 1733. According to this Act, people should have paid six pence per gallon of Molasses as the tax; however, they hadn’t paid this tax effectively because they didn’t agree to pay it. Furthermore, corruption was an important barrier to collecting this money. The British were hoping this new way would help the sugar tax actually be collected. They reduced the rate by half and expanded the measure. However, this only caused the colonists to be more concerned about their rights as British citizens and realized how unfairly the British Empire was treating them in compare with Britishers living in England.”Another act called The Stamp Act passed on March 22, 1765, by the British Parliament. It was meant to collect even more money through in even more ridiculous ways.
The new tax imposed and required all the colonists to pay for every piece of printed paper they used including legal documents, licenses, Ship’s papers, newspapers, other publications, and even playing cards were taxed.”(A Summary of the 1765 Stamp Act, Paragraph 1) However, this was only for the second class British citizens, meaning that only the ones were living in the colonies had to pay for it and not the ones living in Britain. They said that the collected money through the Stamp Act will be used to put an army of 10,000 soldiers protecting and defending the American Frontier. The amount of the money they had to pay for this act was not too much, they just found it really offensive. Furthermore, they wanted to prevent any other damaging and harmful financial or social standard being set by Britain to put even more pressure on them by passing more acts.The other happenings the colonists found very harsh were the Navigation Acts. Navigation Acts were basically another way that the British Empire used to collect money through tax and limit the colonists. It stated that any trades within the colonies and the rest of the world must be done through one of their English Ports, using only English ships.
English ships were defined as the ships should be owned by the Englishmen and one half the crew consisted of Englishmen. That way, Britain could limit everything going in and out, so the British factories and merchants always had an advantage, and everything could be taxed. This made the colonists increasingly dissatisfied and angry.All of these issues forced the colonists from the outside. But what was even more frustrating and bothering was the presence of the British army in the cities, even when there was no war going on. The well trusted British soldiers were allowed to do whatever they wanted. They even could kill anyone they desired without being asked why or be put into a trial in a court.
They could walk into anyone’s house, took, ate, or done anything they wanted, and the owner of the house had to offer them their best food, water, cloth, and supplies or otherwise be beaten or killed.In 1763 after Britain’s war with Indians and Frenchs, Britain announced a proclamation stating that the colonists are not allowed to move west from where they, and shall not pass the Appalachian Mountains. The main reason colonists wanted to go to these lands was that the lands over there were very cheap and they could have gotten a lot of lands cheaply. To protect the new border lines, Britain sends troops to enforce them. This made the colonists really unhappy but what made them even more unhappy and unsatisfied was the fact that they had to pay for the troops sent, through tax and they had to supply and housed the soldiers. The relationship between the colonists and the young British soldiers wasn’t that great.
The soldiers angered the colonists, they didn’t like the way soldiers acted towards them. The colonists always got into fights with the soldiers, once that the soldiers killed five colonists, made the colonists really angry. As the time went by and every other thing that Britain did were another disadvantage toward the colonists, they kept getting closer to Independence, this made the colonists not listen to Britain as much anymore and resist most of the British actions.
The colonists did not just separate from Britain and declared independence for heavy taxes. They didn’t even actually want to declare independence at the beginning. They just wanted to have a voice in Britain’s parliament to obtain equal rights with British citizens who lived in the mainland.
They wished to be able to have the chance of participating in making decisions about their lives since they found the rules very unfair. They believed they are considered as secondary British citizens and this was very bothering and annoying to them. All of these factors such as Stamp Act, Sugar Act, Navigation Acts, also the irritating presence of Great Britain’s army added up, and made them united enough to declare independence and make THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.