Last updated: May 27, 2019
Topic: ArtDesign
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Manner Designer Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel ( 1883-1971 ) was born in Saumur. Southern France. She began by planing chapeaus. foremost in Paris in 1908. and subsequently in Deauville. Her manner dress shops ( one in Paris and one in Deauville ) opened at the same time in 1914. She opened an haute couture salon in Biarritz in 1916. and in 1920 moved to Paris in the present quarters on rue Cambon. Off-the-rack manners were non introduced until 1978. after Coco’s decease. Chanel is a member of Chambre Syndicale de la Haute Couture et du Pret-a-Porter.

Selected Awards
Neiman-Marcus Award ( 1957 )

Economic Data
The Chanel group is controlled by the Wertheimer household through assorted investing retentions ( Litor Ltd. . Pamerco ) .

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Chanel keeps a really low profile on its economic figures. but gross revenues in 1995 were estimated at over $ 1 billion. for 1995 gross revenues are believed to hold risen to about $ 2 billion. The new Chanel girl “Eres” achieved in 1996 gross revenues worth of 60 million Francs ( $ 12 million ) and boasts net incomes of 7. 2 million ( $ 1. 4 million ) . Lagerfeld boasts that when he took over design at Chanel. manner gross revenues made up merely 6 % of entire gross revenues. Today he estimates more than 50 % of entire gross revenues stem from manner. The house has approximately 100 dress shops worldwide. more than 35 of which are in Japan. Controlled by president Alain Wertheimer’s household. Chanel besides owns Eres. a Gallic beachwear and intimate apparel label.

In 1992. Chanel possessed 64 to the full owned dress shops. Eres has three fully-owned dress shops in Paris and sells selectively to 420 retail merchants worldwide ( 30 % of them in France ) .

Production/ Licenses
Chanel avoids licencing merchandises in order to maintain control over the ware.

Christian Dior

Manner Designer Christian Dior ( 1905-1957 ) was born in Normandy. France. At his parents’ insisting. he studied political scientific discipline. After military service and several old ages of indecisiveness. he returned to Paris in 1935 and began his design calling by selling studies. His chapeau designs were ab initio more successful than his frock designs. But he concentrated on his frock designs and was hired by Robert Piguet in 1938. During the war. he served in the South of France. so returned once more to Paris in 1941 and worked for Lucien Lelong. a much larger design house. In 1946. he was able to open his ain house. backed by fabric maker Marcel Boussac.

Selected Lines
* Haute Couture. since 1947
* Haute Fourrier ( pelts )
* Christian Dior Boutique ( deluxe )
* Christian Dior Boutique Fourrier ( pelts )
* Christian Dior Coordinee ( diffusion ) . discontinued in 1994

Selected Awards

* Neiman-Marcus Award ( 1947 )
* Parsons Medal for Distinguished Achievement ( 1956 )

Since 1990. the Christian Dior S. A. belongs to Europe’s biggest luxury merchandises maker. Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton ( LVMH ) . The company is listed at the Paris stock exchange. The Christian Dior S. A. itself holds 42 % of the LVMH assets and is the keeping company for the manner trade names Christian Dior Couture. Kenzo. Givenchy. Christian Lacroix. and Louis
Vuitton. The group achieved in in 1996 gross revenues worth of 32. 35 billion Francs ( $ 6. 33 billion ) .

Direct gross revenues of Dior apparels ( including licenses ) climbed in 1994 to $ 193 million. In 1996. the Christian Dior Couture division achieved a turnover of 1. 2 billion Francs ( $ 235 million ) . In the first half of 1996. LVMH achived merely 70 million Francs ( $ 13. 7 million ) compared to 380 million Francs ( $ 74. 3 million ) in the old period.

Presently. Dior operates 160 dress shops worldwide. 15 of them in Japan. Clothing is entirely sold in the Dior shops. Other retail merchants merely carry licensed Dior merchandises like eye-wear. intimate apparel. ties. Bady Dior vesture. aromas. and other accoutrements. Since LVMH acquired in 1997 the Duty Free Shoppers ( DFS ) group of shops. which are largely located in Asia. the Dior distribution has been expanded to the 165 DFS-outlets.

Calvin Klein
Calvin Richard Klein ( born November 19. 1942 ) is an American manner interior decorator who launched the company that would subsequently go Calvin Klein Inc. . in 1968. In add-on to vesture. Klein has besides given his name to a scope of aromas. tickers. and jewellery


Inspired by the fresh and unpretentious manner of New York’s urban young person. Klein set out to establish his ain vesture company in 1968. With fiscal endorsing from his childhood friend Barry Schwartz. he commissioned a local dressmaker to do a smattering of coats and frocks. A ware director from Bonwit Teller visited Klein’s dingy salesroom and took notice of the aggregation.


In 1974. Klein designed the tightfitting signature denims that would travel on to gross $ 200. 000 in their first hebdomad of gross revenues. In the same twelvemonth. Klein became the first interior decorator to have outstanding design in men’s and women’s wear from the CFDA award show. In 1983 Klein was placed on the International Best Dressed List. Besides in 1981. 1983. 1993. he received an award from Councils of Fashion Designs of America.

Trade names

The most seeable trade name names in the Calvin Klein portfolio include: • Calvin Klein Collection ( black label. top-end interior decorator line ) • ck Calvin Klein ( gray label. late repositioned as span aggregation line ; licensed to Warnaco Group. Inc. through at least 2044 ) • Calvin Klein ( white label. better sportswear line )

• Calvin Klein Sport ( athleticss version of the white label line for Macy’s ) • Calvin Klein Jeans ( denimwear line ; licensed to Warnaco Group through at least 2044 ) • Calvin Klein Home ( high terminal bedclothes. towel. bath carpet and accessary aggregations ) • The Khaki Collection ( vernal medium to high terminal bedclothes. towel. bath carpet and accoutrements ) discontinued in 2008 • Calvin Klein Golf ( launched in late 2007 )

• Calvin Klein Underwear ( underwear aggregations ; licensed to Warnaco Group through at least 2044 ) • CK one Lifestyle trade name ( aroma. underwear. denims -launched 2011 ) • Calvin Klein Watches + Jewelry ( tickers launched in 1997. jewellery in 2004 ) For more inside informations on Current trade names and licences. see Warnaco Group # Current Licenses Yves Saint Laurent

Manner Designer Yves Saint Laurent was born 1936 in Oran. Algeria. After winning first award in the International Wool Secretariat competition for his asymetrical cocktail frock in 1954. Saint Laurent went instantly to work for Christian Dior. Saint Laurent became Haute Couture interior decorator when Dior died in 1957. He introduced the trapeze frock in his first aggregation for Dior in 1958. He was replaced by Mark Bohen in 1960. when he fulfilled his military duties. Afterwards. he opened his ain couture house. financed by Pierre Berge. in 1962. Selected Merchandises

* Rive Gauche ( diffusion )
* YSL Variation ( diffusion )

Selected Awards and Awards
Retrospective Exhibits
* Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York ( 1983 ) . the first life interior decorator so honored
* Hermitage. St. Petersburg. Soviet union
* Musee des Arts de la Mode. Louvre. Paris
* Victoria and Albert. London ( 1995 )

* Neiman-Marcus Award ( 1958 )
* Council of Fashion Designers of America ( 1981 )

Since 1989. Yves Saint Laurent Groupe has been listed on the Paris Stock Exchange. The Yves Saint Laurent SCA owned by the interior decorator himself and by his spouse Pierre Berge was sold in January 1993 to the French-government controlled Elf-Sanofi group ( which belongs to the gasoline and chemical giant Elf Acquitaine ) for $ 650 million. Since in 1992. the net net incomes slumped by 44. 2 % the trade caught much attending in the Gallic national assembly.

In 1995. entire gross revenues remained stable at around $ 837 million. In 1993. gross revenues were at $ 665 million. compared to $ 568 million in 1992. 80 % of those gross revenues are said to be made through cosmetics and aromas. Dressing gross revenues worth of $ 107 million were achieved in 1995. In 1992/1993 those gross revenues were at $ 96 million. compared to around $ 100 million in 1991.

The figure of shops is said to be about 200 throughout the universe.

Giorgio Armani
Manner Designer Giorgio Armani was born on July 11. 1934. in Piacenza. about 50 stat mis south of Milan. in the Emilia-Romagna part of Italy. He attended medical school for two old ages. dabbled in picture taking. fulfilled his military duties in 1957. so worked in a esteemed section shop. La Rinascente. as a window chest of drawers. He joined Nino Cerruti as a interior decorator from 1961 to 1970. Armani began a freelance design concern in 1970 with the encouragement of his close friend Sergio Galeotti. and established his ain men’s wear label in 1974. Armani has places in Broni. Forte dei Marmi. and Pantelleria ( Italy ) . and in St. Tropez ( French Riviera ) .

Selected Lines

* Armani Alta Moda ( haute couture )
* Borgonuovo 21
* Giorgio Armani
* Le Collezioni ( diffusion ) . since 1979
* Mani ( diffusion )
* Emporio Armani ( diffusion. younger client. worldwide ) . since 1984
* A/X Armani Exchange ( rudimentss. United States merely )
* Giorgio Armani U. S. A. ( lower priced )
* Armani Jeans
* Armani Neve ( winter athletic wear ) . since 1996
* Armani Golf ( athletic wear ) . since 1996
* Classico. since 1996

Selected Awards and Recognitions

* Neiman-Marcus Award ( 1979 )
* CFDA International Award ( 1983 )
* The semi-annual Italian men’s manner trade show Pitti Uomo in Florence celebrated in Summer 1996 its fiftieth carnival with a brilliant manner show called “G. A. Story” portaying the life and work of Giorgio Armani. The show construct was developed by well-known opera-director Robert Wilson.

The biggest export market for Armani is the United States. where Armani labels are sold at 12. 000 points of sale. In 1995. Armani had 36 mercantile establishments transporting the sole Giorgio Armani and Borgonuovo-21 lines. Emporio Armani mercantile establishments numbered 119 in 1995. with 54 in Italy and 22 in Japan. This figure rose to 121 shops in 1997 and is planned to be increased by 8 in the close hereafter. A/X Armani Exchange used to be sold merely in the United States. In 1994. the A/X-stores were taken over by Club 21 USA. Inc. . but continuesly struggled to vie with lower-priced rivals like Banana Republic. Today. Armani intends to open up even more A/X-outlets. besides presenting them to clients in Asia for the first clip. Vivienne Westwood

Considered The Designers Designer Fashion interior decorator Vivienne Westwood was born in Tintwistle. Derby. C England. UK. She became good known in the 1970s when. with Malcolm McLaren the stone music enterpriser. she opened a store in London that became the focal point of the hood stone motion. She gained international acknowledgment in the early 1980s with her Pirate and New Romantics expression. Vivienne Westwood has played a critical function in the outgrowth of Punk Rock in the 1970s and has gone on to go one of the most original and influential interior decorators of our clip.

Her designs combine a unafraid unconformity with a sense of tradition. She is celebrated for her soft lampoon of Establishment manners. her usage of really British cloths such as Harris tweed and plaid. her re-use of historic garments such as the girdle and hoopskirt. Yet. her attack has ever been practical. driven by a wonder about how things work. a procedure she describes as ‘learning through action’ .

1941 Vivienne Isabel Swire born on April 8th in Glossop. Derbyshire.

1957 Moves with her household to London. aged 17. and attended Harrow Art School for one term.

1962 Marries Derek Westwood. Aged 21. becomes a primary-school instructor in Willesden. North London.

1963 Her first boy. Benjamin Arthur Westwood. is born.
1965 Marriage to Westwood terminals. She meets 18 twelvemonth old Malcolm Edwards ( aka McLaren ) . 1967 With McLaren. a 2nd boy is born. Joseph Ferdinand Corre 1971 McLaren and Westwood’s foremost shop clears at 430 King’s Road. London. called ‘Let It Rock’ . 1972 The store is redesigned and renamed by McLaren ‘Too Fast To Live. Too Young To Die’ . 1974 Shop name is changed to ‘SEX’ .

1975 Westwood and McLaren are fined for ‘exposing to public position an indecent exhibition’ . 1976 430 King’s Road is renamed ‘Seditionaries – Clothes for Heroes’ . 1979 ‘World’s End’ opens at 430 King’s Road.

1981 March: McLaren and Westwood’s foremost catwalk show. the Pirate aggregation ( A/W 1981-2 ) . shown at Olympia followed by Savage ( S/S 1982 ) . 1982 Buffalo ( A/W 1982-3 ) and Punkature ( S/S 1983 ) shown in Paris. Westwood and McLaren open a 2nd London store called ‘Nostalgia of Mud’ . 1984 ‘Nostalgia of Mud’ stopping points. Westwood moves to Italy.

Zang Toi

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The undermentioned life contains information on Fashion Designer Zang Toi. BIOGRAPHY Fashion Designer Zang Toi was the patriarch of modern manner before it was present. The 38 year-old interior decorator is a colour ardentist ; a interior decorator whose bid of vivid chromaticities is natural and easy. sophisticated and animal. He has helped to show in the forward epoch of modern-day late 90’s design with his hallmark colourss and his timeless styling. His creative activities pamper today’s adult female with an sturdy. manner. glamor and love affair. Toi left his native Malaysia at the age of 18. and via Toronto. landed in New York a twelvemonth subsequently. There he attended Parsons School of Design and apprenticed with Mary Jane Marcasiano and Ronaldus Shamask. In 1989. with a modest aggregation of bright sarongs. strong suits and imperial frocks. he opened his ain artist’s workroom.

Immediately. the personable. amiable and singular Toi made a name for himself among fashion’s elite. In 1991 Toi won the Mouton-Cadet Young Designers Award. crushing out names such as Pamela Dennis. Gemma Khang and Christian Francis Roth. His most recent award of differentiation was presented by Mark Green. the Public Advocate for New York City. for Toi’s artistic parts and accomplishments. In March of 1997. presented by the Sultan of Malaysia. Zang received his Knighthood. In the old ages since. Toi has cultivated his concern into an international success narrative. He is a favourite of manner supreme authorities including Sharon Stone. Ivana Trump. Hazelle Goodman. Kelly Preston. Kirstie Alley. Jennifer Tilly and Meg Ryan. Be it the House of Toi signature aggregation or the “Z” aggregation. his reasonably priced span line. Toi’s creative activities are original. feminine and merely keen. Zang Toi is available in globally all right shops including the Couture Department at Nordstrom. ticket forte dress shops and Zang Toi Boutiques in Malaysia. Awards Received: 1990 Mouton Cadet Young Designer Award Brand names/Divisions: Zang Toi Product lines: Zang Toi Couture Collection ; Lower Priced “2” collec

Miuccia Prada

Manner Designer Prada was founded in 1913 in Milan. Italy as a maker of leather bags. What is known today as Prada is largely the work of the founder’s grand-daughter Miuccia Prada ( our image ) . Miuccia Prada was born in 1949. After university. she entered the household concern 1978 and shortly revolutionized the appearence of its merchandises. Her involvement in unusual cloths led to the typical hallmark of Prada merchandises: the surprising combination of stuffs. There are normally two finds to be made when covering with Prada merchandises: First. the surprise to see the usage of a specific stuff in an unusual context and in effect. the astonishment how good it fits the intent. In 1989. she introduced women’s wear with instant success. men’s wear followed every bit sucessful in 1995. Prada is said to be the most outstanding illustration of a new signifier of inward-directed luxury. While in the 1880ss luxury was explicitly displayed. today an unostentatious luxury is sought. merely recognizable by insiders.

Therefore. Prada clothes avoid really loud clouring and easy appealing appearences. They are described as cool. comfy. pure. graceful. and minimalistic. Selected Products * Prada Donna * Prada Uomo * Miu Miu * Granello Economic Data Performance In 1994. entire gross revenues of Prada merchandises were reported to be 270 billion Lira ( $ 167 million ) . In 1996 entire gross revenues were 456 billion Lira ( $ 296 million ) . This figure is expected to lift by 50 % to 732 billion Lira in 1997 ( $ 475 million ) . Europe accounts for 55 % of entire gross revenues. The biggest export market is Japan accounting for 17 % of entire gross revenues ; other Asiatic markets achieved 12 % . The U. S. has contributed 16 % to entire gross revenues. The sharpest rise in gross revenues for 1997 is expected in the Asiatic markets. with a diminishing European portion. Most of the gross is schived with the Prada Donna line ( 78 % ) . followed by the Prada Uomo line ( 15 % ) . Miu Miu and Granello are expected to lend significantly more in the hereafter. In 1996. Prada had gross revenues worth of 1150 billion Lira in retailing ( $ 746 million ) . This figure is believed to lift by 60 % in 1997.

Douglas Hannant

BIOGRAPHY Redefining luxury for the modern American adult female is the purpose of Fashion Designer Douglas Hannant. the New York based interior decorator who has been compared to a “young Halston” and praised by critics as “the new maestro of American couture. ” With his pick of epicurean cloths. great attending to detail and faultless coating. Hannant underscores his designs with a simple. yet cardinal thought: contrast unexpected picks and combinations to make sportswear-inspired designs with “dressed-up” esthesias. Sculptural yet unstructured. Hannant’s off-the-rack aggregation blends twenty-four hours and flushing with assurance and focal point. “chic does non intend fussy or contrived.

I like to see adult females have oning bloomerss at dark or an finely beaded armored combat vehicle top during the twenty-four hours. I consider my designs more appareled down eveningwear than dressed up sportswear. ” says Hannant. “There is no differentiation between the two in my aggregations it’s all about striking the right balance. ” After having a all right humanistic disciplines grade from Missouri State University. Hannant relocated to New York in 1986 to analyze at FIT. After graduation he spent several old ages as a Display Director at Barney’s and Bloomingdale’s. It was while working at these shops that Hannant noticed a spread in the luxury market. “There was a demand for good gustatory sensation. modern design. and something particular in luxury vesture to travel against the unvarying manner of the 90’s. ” Hannant launched his first aggregation in the autumn of 1996. It was instantly picked up by Neiman Marcus. Bergdorf Goodman. Saks Fifth Avenue. Nordstrom’s and Bloomingdale’s.

Gianni Versace
Manner Designer Gianni Versace was born in 1946 in Reggio Calabria. Italy. he became victim of a inhuman slaying on the 16th July. 1997. In the early yearss. his female parent supported the household with her little tailor-shop. There. Versace learned everything about doing apparels and shortly he designed apparel himself. which was sold in his mother’s store. Then. Versace acquired extra accomplishments working in fabric procurance places. He got his first opportunity to demo his accomplishments when planing a aggregation for Fiori Fiorentini. a Lucca. Italy based company in 1972.

In the followers. Versace designed for the Italian manner labels De Parisi. Genny ( for whom he would subsequently be working once more ) . Callaghan. Alma. and so for Complice in 1974. The work for Complice. which he to the full conceived himself marked the first juncture where his ain name was included in the trade name name. In 1997. Versace was shot to decease in forepart of his sign of the zodiac in Miami. Florida. Versace’s slayer is allegedly a consecutive slayer. who committed self-destruction in Miami short after Versace’s slaying. In September 1997. Gianni Versace’s brother Santo Versace was announced the new CEO of the Versace keeping. Gianni’s sister Donatella Versace is the new caput of design. Donatella was already in a originative place. planing for the Versus label. Sole inheritress of Gianni Versace is Donatella’s 11 twelvemonth old girl Allegra. Her boy Daniel inherits Gianni’s aggregation of pictures. Part of Gianni Versace’s heritage are his lucious sign of the zodiacs at Lake Como. Italy. in Milan. Italy. in New York City. and the sign of the zodiac in Miami were Versace was killed.

Selected Lines

* Gianni Versace Couture
* Instante
* Versus
* Versace Classic V2
* GVII – a men’s wear aggregation for the US market
Selected Awards and Recognitions

* In 1989. Versace was honored by an exibition called “L’abito per pensare” ( Clothes for believing ) . which showed in Milan. Paris. London. and New York.

Claude Montana
Manner Designer Claude Montana was born in 1949 in Paris to a German female parent and Catalanian ( Spanish ) male parent. At an early age. he traveled to London ( 1971 ) and began his calling by planing papier-m‰che jewellery encrusted with rhinestones. He shortly returned to Paris. where he designed biker’s leathers for the MacDouglas leather company ( 1972 ) . In 1973. he designed a off-the-rack leather aggregation in coaction with Michelle Costas.

Montana’s ain off-the-rack company was founded in 1979. and two old ages he subsequently presented his first aggregation. Hommes Montana. He opened his first dress shop in Paris in 1983. and another in 1986. The Montana Fragrances Company was created in 1984.

Montana married long-time friend Wallis Franken in 1993.

He is a member of the Chambre Syndicale du Pret-a-Porter. the Gallic trade association for the manner industry.

Selected Merchandises

* Hommes Montana. since 1981
* State of Claude Montana ( diffusion athletic wear ) . since 1992

Selected Awards

* Golden Thimble Award ( 1991 ) . for Lanvin Winter ’91 haute couture aggregation * Golden Thimble Award ( 1992 ) . for Lanvin Summer ’92 haute couture aggregation * Prix Medicis ( 1989 ) . for Parfum d’Homme

* Fragrance Foundation Award ( 1990 ) . for Parfum d’Elle
Economic Data
Economic informations on Claude Montana is scarce.

Off-the-rack vesture is produced in licence by the Italian vesture maker Gruppo G. F. T. . Turin. His licences include knitwear. pelts. leatherwear. places. ties and scarves. belts. and eyewear.

Oscar de la Renta

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BIOGRAPHY Oscar de la Renta left his native Dominican Republic at 18 old ages of age to analyze painting at the Academy of San Fernando in Madrid. While populating in Spain. he became interested in the universe of design and began chalk outing for taking Spanish manner houses. which shortly led to an apprenticeship with Spain’s most celebrated fashion designer. Cristobal Balenciaga. Later. Oscar de la Renta left Spain to fall in Antonio Castillo as a couture helper at the house of Lanvin in Paris. In 1963. Oscar de la Renta came to New York to plan the couture aggregation for Elizabeth Arden. In 1965. Mr. de la Renta began his signature off-the-rack label. The Oscar de la Renta label is comprised of the Signature off-the-rack aggregation and Pink Label. To complement these designs. the Fall 2001 track show marked the introduction of Oscar de la Renta Accessories ; bags. belts. jewellery. scarves and places.

The universe of Oscar de la Renta besides includes a high terminal athletic wear aggregation ( OSCAR by Oscar de la Renta ) . decorative instances. eyewear. pelts. jewellery. intimate apparel. scarves. nightwear. and swimwear. For work forces. Mr. de la Renta licenses merchandises. including hose. sportcoats. suits. and pants. In South and Central America and Mexico there is a Sportswear line for work forces and male childs and OSCAR JEANS. for work forces and adult females. Mr. de la Renta has besides ventured into the place with both furniture and place aroma aggregations. jewellery. eyewear. intimate apparel. baggage. swimsuit. aroma. and pelts. Other aggregations made by the company are sold under the OSCAR by Oscar de la Renta and Pink Label trade names ( the latter licensed to Kellwood ) .

2002 marks the introduction of Intrusion. the latest Academy award de la Renta aroma for adult females. Oscar de la Renta launched his first aroma. Oscar. in 1977. Today. Oscar is a best seller in over 70 states and victor of the 1991 Fragrance Foundation Perennial Success Award. In 1980. he created a aroma for work forces. Pour Lui. In 1995. Oscar de la Renta was the receiver of the Living Legend Award from the American Society of Perfumes. In the autumn of 1999. Oscar de la Renta introduced Oscar for Men. Oscar de la Renta sells its merchandises in upscale section shops and forte shops worldwide. Apparel is produced in the US. Dominican Republic-born interior decorator and proprietor Oscar de la Renta and spouse Ben Shaw ( now deceased ) founded the company in 1966.

Narciso Rodriguez Fashion Designer


Born in New Jersey of cuban-american parents. manner interior decorator narciso rodriguez reeived his formal instruction at the celebrated Parson’s School of Design in New York. Following free-lance work in New York’s garment industry. he joined Anne Klein under Donna Karan. and subsequently Calvin Klein planing women’s off-the-rack. In 1995. Rodriguez became design manager of TSE where he presented ready-t-owear aggregations for Men and adult females in New York at the same time. Rodriguez was appointed design manager of cerruti in Paris. It was at errutu that Narciso received world-wide attending when he designed the prejudice cut sheath nuptials frock that his friend Carolyn Bessette would have on when she married John Kennedy Jr. In October 1997. the first women’s off-the-rack aggregation under the Narciso Rodriguez label. in partnership with Italian maker Aeffe. was presented in Milan for the Spring/Summer 1998 season.

Following the aggregation. Rodriguez was awarded “best new designer” at the trend VH1 manner awards in New York metropolis and the “Perry Ellis Award” for best new interior decorator by the Council of Fashion Designers of America. Loewe. the Spanish luxury house established in Madrid I 1846 and owned by LVMH since January 1997. appointed rodriguez as Design Director of the Women’s off-the-rack aggregation. The first track presentation for Loewe was held in March 1997 during the Fall/Winter 1998 season. For his Fall/Winter 2001 off-the-rack aggregation. Narciso Rodriguez decided to return to New York. Narciso is the first interior decorator in history to have the womenswear interior decorator of the twelvemonth award by the Council of Fashion Designers of America consecutively in 2002 and 2003. He has continued to demo his aggregations in New York. holding joined a new coevals of interior decorators known for keen tailoring and all right design and craftmanship. Today. Narciso Rodriguez presents his first aroma. Architectural. pure. sculptural. precise. animal. sleek. modern. authoritative. practical. feminine. elegant. His manner is American with a European influence and Latin at hear.

Pierre Balmain

The undermentioned life contains information on Fashion Designer Pierre Balmain. BIOGRAPHY Fashion Designer PIERRE BALMAIN. day of the month of creative activity: 1945 Pierre Balmain was born in St Jean de Maurienne. Savoie in 1914. He owed his early preparation to the two greatest interior decorators of the clip – Molyneux and Lucien Lelong – opening his ain Haute Couture house instantly following the war. in the fall of 1945. on the Rue Francois 1er in Paris. Clients rapidly flocked to Balmain. and were thrilled to detect the new image he had created for adult females. The Balmain adult female had shed the last traces of wartime adversity with abundant carefreeness and appeal. and heralded a return to opulence in amply embroidered gowns and ensembles. The 1960s were old ages of reclamation for Pierre Balmain. who used cloths scupturally for the creative activity of unlittered designs stressing pure construction and contrasts of cut and manner. This was besides a richly productive period in the field of dress uping for phase and screen.

In add-on. Balmain designed personal closets for legion international stars. including Brigitte Bardot. Marlene Dietrich. and Katherine Hepburn – to call merely a few. This period besides marked Balmain’s first meeting with Her Majesty Queen Sirikit of Thailand. who chose him to be her personal fashion designer. With the disappearing of Pierre Balmain in 1982. the torch was passed to Erik Mortensen – his personal helper since 1951 and his closest colaborator – who maintained the House’s traditions while developing and updating manners and designs in the spirit of its laminitis. In acknowledgment of this accomplishment. Mortensen won tne France Haute Couture Golden Thimble Awards for his Automn-Winter 1983/1984 aggregation.

Erik Mortensen so went onto his 2nd Gallic Haute Couture Golden Thimble Award. presented at the Palais Galliera on 31 July 1987. for his Autumn-Winter 1987/1988 aggregation. When Erik Mortensen left the House of Balmain in July 1990. he was replaced by vernal Herve-Pierre. who served as interior decorator from 1990 through 1993 for both the Haute Couture and off-the-rack aggregations. In january 1993. internationally celebrated American interior decorator Oscar de la Renta signed his first Haute Couture aggregation for Pierre Balmain and has now rejuvinated the line while esteeming the colors. the fluidness and elegance of the “Jolie Madame” esprit. Haute Couture Women’s Ready-to-Wear Men’s Fashion Perfumes ( Ivoire. Jolie Madame. Miss Balmain. Vent Vert. Monsieur Balmain. Ebene ) Accessories

Tom Ford Fashion Designer


Ford was born in Austin. Texas. but spent most of his childhood in Santa Fe. N. M. Ford moved to New York when he was a adolescent and enrolled at New York University. ab initio go toing categories in art history. He subsequently redirected his surveies to concentrate on architecture at Parsons School of Design in New York and Paris. reasoning his preparation at Parsons in New York. In 1990. Ford moved to Milan to fall in Gucci as the company’s women’s wear interior decorator. In 1992. he became design manager and in 1994 he was appointed originative manager of Gucci. He was responsible for the design of all merchandise lines from vesture to aromas. and for the group’s corporate image. advertisement runs and shop design. In January 2000. following the acquisition of Yves Saint Laurent and YSL Beaute by the Gucci Group. Ford assumed the place of originative manager of Yves Saint Laurent Rive Gauche and YSL Beaute. In add-on to his bing responsibilities at Gucci. Ford worked with all originative squads at YSL to specify the overall image and placement of the YSL trade name. including all merchandise classs and communicating activities.

Ford’s success in the manner industry has been recognized by a figure of awards. including four from the esteemed Council of Fashion Designers of America ( 1996. 2001 and 2002 2004 ) ; five VH-1/Vogue Manner Awards ( 1995. 1996. 1999. 2002 and 2004 ) ; two awards from the Fashion Editor’s Club of Japan ( 2000 ) ; Two Ace Awards from the US Accessory Council ( 2001 ) ( 2006 ) ; the Style Icon Award in the 1999 Elle Style Awards ( UK ) ; the British GQ International Man of the Year Award ( 2000 ) ; the Superstar Award at the Fashion Group International’s Night of Stars ( USA. 2000 ) ; Best Manner Designer. TIME Magazine ( 2001 ) ; and GQ Designer of the Year ( 2001 ) . In October 2003. Ford was awarded the first one-year Fashion Design Achievement Award at the Cooper Hewitt Design Museum’s National Design Awards. In March 2004. Tom Ford was honored for his parts to the universes of manner and movie with the Rodeo Walk of Style award. In 2005 he received the Andre Leon Talley Lifetime Achievement Award from the Savannah College of Art and Design.