He was the prime minister of England, an award winning author, a war hero and a leader, and most of all a leader to his people in WWII. Winston Churchill gave the British hope to winning the war through his well known speeches. His impact on history will never be forgotten, Churchill was an important historical figure that impacted the world greatly. Early LifeOn the day of November 30th, 1874 Winston Churchill was born in Dublin, Ireland, and was raised by two rich parents. His father Lord Randolph Churchill, who descended from the first Duke of Marlborough, was well known in Tory politics like his father.
His mother, Jennie Jerome Churchill or Lady Randolph Churchill, was an American Heiress, and her father was a part time owner of the New York Times. His parents did not care much for him, he mainly received affection only from his devoted nurse, Mrs. Everest.
He was an independent and rebellious student, at his first two schools he failed a majority of his classes and received poor results. He was then soon enrolled in Harrow Boarding school in 1888, which is located near London. There, Churchill joined the Harrow Rifle Corps, putting him in a path of a military career. He then made it his focus to join the Royal Military Academy in Sandhurst, which it took him three tries to pass the exam. (site source) In 1893 he headed off to military school, which at first seemed unfit for Churchill, but afterwards he was accepted, and began to do fairly well.
He ended up graduating 20th in his class of 130.Before WWIIAfter graduating from the Royal Military Academy in Sandhurst, Churchill is appointed Cornet of the British Military which is equivalent to second Lieutenant in the U.S Military. At first he served in Cuba, but then went on leave in Spain to report the Cuban War of Independence for Daily Graphic. In 1896 he went to the Indian Northwest Frontier and the Sudan, where he saw action from the battle of Omdurman in 1898. While in the army he wrote two books about his experience, The Story Of the Malakand Field Force in 1898, and The River War in 1899.
As his life in the army went on, he became more interested in politics and put his writing skills to good use. He resigned from the Royal Army in 1899 and stood as a conservative at Oldham, where he lost in the election for parliament. After losing the campaign he became a war correspondent for the Morning Post, and began to make a living with his writing.
While he was in Cape Town reporting on the Boer War of South Africa, he was ambushed by Boers and captured as a prisoner. On December 12th, 1899 he hopped the fences and ran into 300 miles of enemy territory. After days without food and water he finally made it back to camp and returned to Britain a hero. Once he came home he went back into to politics, and ran for parliament in 1900. Despite the last time he campaigned, he won by a mass majority. Now with a a seat in parliament at Oldham, and a big chunk of money from his writings, Churchill had now began his way into politics.Prime Minister of Great Britain 1929-39 Cchurchill was distrusted from almost every party. He was as clever man, but was thought of as a person with lack of judgment and discipline in politics.
This gave him a break from his pen because he wasn’t getting very involved in issues, but his worries about Nazi Germany increased. Churchill argued to pay attention to the German threat, but no one took him seriously, though he was supported by a few. When WWII began in 1939, Churchill was not yet prime minister, but he was appointed first lord of admiralty and a member of the war cabinet. Then later in 1940 he became chairman of the military coordinating committee. Churchill proposed that to prevent German aggression they needed to single handedly occupy the Norwegian iron mines and seaports.(site source or do a qoute) The current prime minister was Neville Chamberlain, who rejected churchills proposal, and later that month Ggermany invaded and occupied Norway (source).
Debate of this crisis lead to a negative votes towards Chamberlain. He resigned, and on May 10, 1940, King George VI appointed Winston CHurchill as Prime Minister. The month Churchill officially became prime minister Germany had become more powerful.
They had taken over most of Europe, and were becoming a bigger threat.WWIIThe month of Churchill officially becoming prime minister, most of Europe, Poland, and France was already taken over by the Nazis. “Russia had signed a nonaggression treaty, the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, with Germany (1939). Italy had declared war on Britain on June of 1940 (june 1940). The United States continued to sit on the sidelines.
Japan was about to join forces with Germany and the Axis powers” (source) When Churchill came to office he did not start out easy. He was faced with all these challenges, and Britain was looking up to him for hope.