Human nature is blessed with thehabit of pursuing or achieving goals. Social or biological intrusions in theachievement of these strategic goals may contribute incompatibility, whichgenerally describes stress (Azmi et al., 2015). It is a state of psychologicaland physiological discrepancy resulting from the gap between situational demandand the individual’s ability and motivation to meet those needs (Muqbil etal., 2006). It can lead to the state which either make you pleased orgive dissatisfaction in your life. Thesealtered mental and emotional strains or tensions can cause adverse or demandingstate of affairs (Azmi et al., 2012).
Stress has positive or negativeimpact on human body, which often relates with performance of tasks (Desai etal., 2010). Positiveimpact includes the timely completion of tasks which ultimately satisfies theinner soul whereas, negative impact includes when a person faces social,physical, organizational and emotional problems, that contributes in harming healthand certain other elements which ultimately adversely affect the human body (Conti etal., 2006).Accordingto researchers from health care sectors, obesity is initiating as the primarycontributor of many health issues whereas, stress oriented situations may alsoresult in weight gain that directly invites many disease, if person remainspressurized (Azmi et al., 2013). To overcome from this situation, body massindex (BMI) is used as a screening instrument to designate whether a person isunderweight, healthy weight, overweight or obese according to their height (Burkhauser et al.
, 2008). If a person’s BMI is more than the range ofthe healthy BMI, the health risks directly increases (Cole et al., 2007). Adiposity state may be directly measured by thecomputation of BMI, which generally correlates with direct measures of body fat(Azmi et al., 2013).Manyresearchers indicated that stress and adiposity progress side by side, wherejob stress and duty timings are mainly high, resulting in exhausted workenvironment (Azmi et al., 2015).
It can also be associated with financialproblems, socio-economic status, workload and job insecurity that generallyaffect one’s career growth and resulted in life threatening health problemsincluding cardiac diseases, weight gain with increase BMI, psychologic problemsand many others (Azmi et al., 2011).Therefore, Azmi et al. (2013)suggested that people should maintain balance between their professional andsocial life so as to reduce that stress.Stresscan also be somewhat related to age, marital status, socio-economic conditions andenvironmental factors which directly influence the state of physical well-beingas well as can increase the relative risk of disease.
Therefore, the present studyis designed to evaluate the association of job based stresses (JBS) with bodymass index (BMI) in tertiary health care sectors of Karachi, Pakistan.