I agree that a compromise is necessary.  Deontological ethics is the normative ethical
position that judges the morality of an action based on rules. It is sometimes
described as “duty-” or “obligation-” or “rule-”
based ethics, because rules can bind you to your duty. Deontological ethics is
commonly contrasted to consequentialism, virtue ethics, and pragmatic ethics.

In this terminology, action is more important than the consequences.  Teleological ethics, theory of morality that
derives duty or moral obligation from what is good or desirable as an end to be
achieved. It is opposed to deontological ethics, which holds that the basic
standards for an action’s being morally right are independent of the good or
evil generated.

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As either the deontological ethics or teleological ethics are
on the two side of spectrum, if there is no compromise, people will be stuck with
the argument, spark resentment, and cannot reach an agreement to solve the actual
problems. To solve the problems and to move forwards, compromise is very


For example, in recent news, the FBI wants to decrypt the Apple
iPhone in order to intercept ISIS communication and thus understand what the
terrorist organization is planning. If Apple doesn’t agree, it’s moral, it’s
good for protecting citizen’s privacy, but it’s not good for national security;
On the other hand, if Apple agrees to let FBI sneak into people’s iPhone, it’s
teleological and good for national security, but it does not have deontological
ethics and severely violate citizen privacy.  In this situation, compromise is very
necessary. The compromise needs to answer questions such as what kind of information
can be decrypted; who has the permission to see the information, and what are
the associated law, governance, and regulations. It’s not a simple yes-or-no
decision. The process of reaching agreement is complicated and is consist of
compromising both deontological ethics and teleological ethics.


Personally, I slightly lean towards the teleological ethics
side.  However, if the spectrum moves
towards the technological ethics too much, the duty or the rules will be
ignored. The right will get abused. Still take the FBI news as an example, if
the Apple applies the technological ethic in their company and give the information
to FBI without limits, customers’ privacy will not be protected and unrelated
customers’ personal information will be disclose to FBI as well, which lead to
the unsecure and untrust to the company and thus Apple’s sales will drop
obviously in the end. In worst case, disclose people’s privacy data to FBI
fundamentally violate the constitution of this country and people’s basic human
rights as a private citizen.


In conclusion, although I lean towards technological ethics,
but I agree compromise is very necessary and very hard to make.



1. “Deontological Ethics.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation,
15 Jan. 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deontological_ethics.

2. The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Teleological
Ethics.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 24 Apr. 2008,