Last updated: June 26, 2019
Topic: ArtDesign
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Impact of leadership style on employee performance in the food industry of different countries (UK and France)

 

 

Introduction

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Leadership can refer both to the process of leading, and to those entities that do the leading. Leadership has been a central, and sometimes controversial, topic in the study of organizations (Adler, 1991). In spite of claims to the contrary, there is substantial evidence that leadership is positively related to a variety of individual and organizational outcomes. Leaders, by their very roles, are responsible for making decisions that help their organizations adapt and succeed in competitive environments. Leaders do not merely impose goals on followers, but work with others to create a shared sense of purpose and direction (Bass and Stogdill, 1989). Leaders primarily work through and with other people. They also help to establish the conditions that enable others to be effective. Leadership is a function more than a role. Although leadership is often invested in – or expected of – persons in positions of formal authority, leadership encompasses a set of functions that may be performed by any different persons in different roles throughout a community (Bass, 1985).

2.1 Statement of the Problem

Generally, the purpose of this study is to conduct a study on the Impact of leadership style on employee performance in the food industry of different countries(UK and France). This study tries to answer the following queries:

1.                  What are the variables that significantly affect the perception of the the management of the food industry when it comes to employee performance?

2.                  Does appropriateness of leadership style significantly affects the employee performance?

3.                  Does the leadership style affect the performance of the employees in the food industry?

4.                  Is there any significant relationship between leadership style and performance of employees?

2.2 Hypothesis of the Study

Based on the research questions the research project works out on the following null hypothesis: Appropriateness of leadership has significant impact to the performance of employees.

Literature Review

 

According to Kousez and Posner (2002), credibility is the foundation of leadership. A leader should be credible for him to lead. In addition to this characteristic, a leader should possess honesty, competence, aspiration, and a forward-looking approach. In the business point of view, good leadership proves to be quite beneficial (Bennis and Nanus, 1985). Good leadership aids in effectively meeting job-related demands, in creating higher-performing teams, in fostering renewed loyalty and commitment, in increasing motivational level and in reducing absenteeism and turnover of employees. Unfortunately, this so-called effective leadership is not that easy to attain (Champion-Hughes, 2001); effective management is not as easy as writing down notes. Good leadership entails a lot of hard work, dedication, and many other factors. However, good leadership should not be a burden to us; we should embrace it as a challenge.

The second practice that was created was to inspire a shared vision—to envision the future by imagining exciting possibilities and to enlist others in a common goal by enticing them to these shared aspirations (Chemers, 1997). However, our company’s dream could not be achieved if the leaders and the managers do not share this dream and their commitment with their subordinates. Leaders must be able to communicate well with their members. Moreover, the indispensable ingredient in a company is not on its facilities but on the social capital and human network. Even if there is the need for a company to have big profit, a great leader should not set it as the top priority; the people in the company should be prioritized (Huffman and Piggerm, 2003). A great leader looks for opportunities by means of searching for inventive ways to revolutionize, develop, improve, experiment, and take risk by generating small wins and learning from errors. Great leadership mans being able to change (Kotter, 1996).

 

Objectives of the Study

 

The primary objective of this study is to examine and determine impact of leadership style on employee performance in the food industry of different countries(UK and France). Moreover, this study will focus leadership styles and employees performance.

The objectives of this study will be to:

determine the impact of leadership style on the performance of the employees.
determine if leadership style and employees performance are interrelated.
Apparently, a survey is conducted to the consumers to determine what attributes affects their criteria in impact of leadership style on employee performance in the food industry of different countries(UK and France). An interview takes place to know what are their problems and concerns regarding the leadership styles. Finally, this research comes up with pertinent findings, and provides insightful recommendations on the leadership styles.

Significance of the Study

This study will be a significant endeavour in understanding the importance of leadership style in a certain organisation.  This study will be helpful to management practitioners of MSC programs for this will be a guide for them when they employ effective leadership style to their organisation. By examining the risks and other factors involved in leadership style, administrators and management practitioners will be able to design measures to minimise the risks. Further, through the understanding of the needs of their employees in terms of performance, this study will help different organization in the food industry to guide their employees.
Research Methodology

 

According to Saunders, Mark; Lewis, Philip & Thornhill, Adrian (2004), all research will possibly involve categorical or numerical data or data that can be use for analysis to help the researcher answer the research questions.  In connection to this, Saunders, Mark; Lewis, Philip & Thornhill, Adrian (2004; p.327) defined quantitative as a type of empirical knowledge. Actually, qualitative data are described in expressions of quality. Qualitative is the converse of quantitative, which more precisely describes data in terms of quantity (that is, using ‘formal’ numerical measurement).

In connection to this, this part of the paper will discuss the significance of the study, method of research to be used, the respondents of the study, the sampling technique, the instrument to be used, the validation of the instrument, and the administration of the of the instrument.

The study intends to investigate the perception of consumers regarding the performance of Sainsbury. For this study, primary research and secondary research will be used. Moreover, the descriptive research method will be utilised. In this method, it is possible that the study would be cheap and quick. It could also suggest unanticipated hypotheses. Nonetheless, it would be very hard to rule out alternative explanations and especially infer causations. Thus, this study will use the descriptive approach. This descriptive type of research utilises observations in the study.  To illustrate the descriptive type of research, Creswell (1994) guided the researcher when he stated: Descriptive method of research is to gather information about the present existing condition.

Primary research is conducted using questionnaire surveys that are sent to the consumers. Here, the questionnaires will be used to collect quantitative data and the interviews will be used to provide qualitative insights into the data collected.  Apparently, secondary data are based from the recent literatures related to marketing strategies and business development.

As stated above, this research will partially base its findings through quantitative research methods because this permits a flexible and iterative approach. During data gathering the choice and design of methods are constantly modified, based on ongoing analysis. This study will also employ qualitative research method because it will try to find and build theories that will explain the relationship of one variable with another variable through qualitative elements in research. Through this method, qualitative elements that do not have standard measures such as behaviour, attitudes, opinions, and beliefs within the health institution domain will be analysed.

Structure of Dissertation

 

The dissertation shall be divided into five chapters in order to provide clarity and coherence on the discussion of the effects of employee training on the performance of the company. The first part of the dissertation will be discussing the problem uncovered by the researcher and provide ample background on the topic. The chapter shall constitute an introduction to the whole dissertation, the hypothesis, and the statement of the problem in order to present the basis of the study. Moreover, the chapter shall also have a discussion on the scope of its study as well as the significance of the study to society in general and specific effects of corporate disclosures.

 

The second chapter shall be discussing the relevance of the study in the existing literature. It shall provide studies on asset pricing, market microstructure, and corporate finance. After the presentation of the existing related literature, the researcher shall provide a synthesis of the whole chapter in relation to the study.

 

The third part of the study shall be discussing the methods and procedures used in the study. The chapter shall comprise of the presentation of the utilized techniques for data collection and research methodology. Similarly, it shall also contain a discussion on the used techniques in data analysis as well as the tools used to acquire the said data.

 

The fourth chapter shall be an analysis on the tabulated data. After the said tabulation, the data are statistically treated in order to uncover the relationship of the variable involved in the study. With the said data, the chapter seeks to address the statement of the problem noted in the first chapter.

 

The last chapter shall comprise of three sections, the summary of the findings, the conclusions of the study, and the recommendations. With the three portions, the chapter shall be able to address the verification of the hypothesis stated in the initial chapters of the study.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

 

Adler, N.J. (1991). International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior. Boston, MA: Kent.

 

 

Bass, B.M. (1985). Leadership and Performance beyond Expectations. New York: The Free

Press.

 

Bass, B.M. and Stogdill, R.M. (1989). The Handbook of Leadership. New York: The Free Press.

 

Bennis, W. and Nanus, B. (1985). Leaders. New York: Harper and Row, p. 26-28, 225.

 

Champion-Hughes, R. (2001), “Totally Integrated Employee Benefits”, Public Personnel Management, vol. 30, 3, p. 287

 

Chemers, M.M. (1997). An Integrative Theory of Leadership. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

 

Creswell, J.W. (1994) Research design. Qualitative and quantitative approaches.

Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.

 

 

Huffman, K. and Piggrem, G. (2003). Psychology in Action: Active Learning Edition, New York: John Wiley & Sons.

 

Kotter, J.P. (1996). Leading Change. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, p.21-26.

 

Kouzes, J.M. and Posner B.S. (2002). The Leader Challenge, Third Edition. San Francisco, California: Jossey Bass Wiley.

 

 

Kotter, J.P. 1988. The Leadership Factor. New York: The Free Press.

 

Kouzes, J.M. and Posner B.S. (2002). The Leader Challenge, Third Edition. San Francisco, California: Jossey Bass Wiley.

 

Levine, D.I., (1995), Reinventing the Workplace: How Business and Employees Can Both Win, Brookings Institution, Washington, DC

 

Saunders, M., Lewis, P. and Thornhill, A. (2003). Research Methods for   Business Students, 3rd Ed. London: Prentice Hall Financial Times.

 

 

 

Tesone D. (2000). Leadership and Motivating Missions: A Model for Organizations from Science Literature. Journal of Leadership Studies. Vol. 7. No. 1. p. 60.