In thisreport I will be talking about the features in two selected engineeringenvironments – Babcock Marine and City College Plymouth. This will include thedifferent aspects of work through both environments and the different healthand safety techniques followed to ensure these tasks are followed safely. Thiswill also include the consequences that can occur if the right health and safetyimplications aren’t followed and carried out in the correct and legitimate way.The report will be written to cover this aspects:·         Health and safety requirements in differentengineering settings.·         Roles and responsibilities in differentengineering settings.·         Consequences of not following the rules forthe company and yourself.

·         Do the rules get followed? As said in the introduction, this report will be writtenacross Babcock Marine and City College Plymouth. One regulation that appliesthrough both learning and working centres is the Health and Safety at work act1974 (HASAWA). This makes sure that everyone is safe throughout the work day inboth locations. It includes rules such as:·        Respecting, operating and maintaining equipment – Underthe act you are required to operate and maintain the working environment andsystems and be respectful when using them. This is so the machinery can be usedeffectively and safely by other employees around you. This legislation is ahigh expectation as all machinery is bought for use of workers and is not to bemessed around and tampered with.·        Maintaining of exits and entrances to the workplace – Everyoneis expected to keep the workplace a safe and easy place to escape from at theevent of disaster. This can include fires, nuclear fall down or natural.

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It isexpected that you keep all walk ways and exits unblocked and not locked. Thisis to provide an easy and safe escape for all employees.·        Training and experience should be done and maintained– It is important to keep all staff well trained. If there is an area where theemployee does not have the necessary skill then they should be taken off theactivity and issued the correct training needed to keep the safety of theworker. A person with the skill should be put on to the area that needs work.·         Watching outfor yourself and others – Every employee has a duty of looking out forthemselves and others in the working situation. This is so less accident canoccur and show a bad representation on the company.

Examples of this areinsuring people are not on their phones whilst using dangerous equipment.HASAWA is the main body of the health and safety system. Itincludes all health and safety aspects throughout all areas in any work place(not just engineering). HASAWA is expected to be followed by every singleworker to provide and a safe and respectful workplace. All employees have theduty to look out for themselves and others and respect and use any equipmentsafely and responsibly.  There is also avariety of other legislations that need to be put in place, including:·        Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations1999 – this outlines the procedures that then employers need to follow to keeptheir employees safe and in a safe working environment.

·        Workplace Regulations 1992 – The regulations is toensure that the workplace is clean and a safe environment to be working at. Italso includes the tools and equipment located in the workplace and that theystay in a safe and respectful condition. All tools and equipment is to be keptwell-kept and in a working order. If any tools break or are in a bad condition,then the tool should be replaced soon enough. The workplace has to be kept infull working order and a clean and safe environment for every worker to be in.·        Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 – Thiscovers the safety of yourself and makes sure that you not injure yourself, thiscould be back strain and neck strain.

This includes the way that you aresupposed to lift any objects and ensures that you complete it the right way.·        Personal Protection at Work Regulation 1992 – Thisinvolves the personal protection of yourself. The correct PPE should be issuedby the employer to ensure injury is less likely to occur during work. Allfaults in PPE should be reported instantly and new PPE should be issued.·        Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 –This ensures that all risk assessments are produced and all risks areimplemented. It is the responsibility for all employees to keep themselvessafe. This also includes that employees should not use machines if untrainedand should seek the training.

   ·        Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment)Regulations 1992 – This informs that PDs are well kept and not damaged. Itconsists of visual and physical checks over. It also consists on problems foryour own health, such as: back and eye strain.·        Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 – This regulationrequires all electrical products and machinery to be PAT tested every 12months. Inspection are also a requirement before and after use. The inspectionshave 3 processes:  Visual, EarthContinuity and Isolation.

The legislation ensures that the checks are donethoroughly.·        Reporting of injuries, Diseases and DangerousOccurrences Regulations 2013 – This requires you to report any incidents thathappen in the workplace to ensure that the problem can be avoided in future andto show what needs to be fixed or upgraded to avoid injury.·        Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002 – Thisrequires all substances to be stored safely. If any substances touch skin it isessential to wash them off to avoid any skin problems, such as dermatitis.

COSHH training has to be issued to every individual person upon entry to thework team.Some requirements that are necessary to complete and follow (includedin HASAWA) in college include wearing the necessary and adequate PPE andcompleting a POWSA (Place of Work Safety Assessment). This is to make sure thatthe students are safe when working. Wearing PPE keeps skin, eyes, ears and feetsafe through your working day. Overalls are an item to be worn, this is to stopany unwanted chemicals from gaining access to the skin and causing any diseasesor skin problems.

Goggles are also necessary to stop pieces of shrapnel gainingaccess to the eyes. On entry to the workshops, students are expected tocomplete a Place of Work Safety Assessment. This is to ensure that theworkplace is up to high standard and is a safe place to work. The roomsprovided are expected to be left in a reasonable state after use. All tools andequipment are also expected to be used and stored careful inside the workingspace. They are not to be taken out without authorisation. All machinery isexpected to be used, cleaned and maintained to a safe and high standard.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   For Babcock Marine, the samerules apply. Employees are expected to follow the rules and regulations just asclosely. PPE should be worn around the dockyard, providing you are working inthe engineering and building sector of the Babcock workforce. In college,health and safety at heights is not necessary as it is not a feature usedthrough the working day for students, however working in the dockyard is aprime example of working at heights, E.G. Working at the top of a crane orship.

However, all machinery regulations that are used in college are alsoadequate in the dockyard, but in college, supervision is required as it isstill a leaning curb for students.  When inoffice there are also high expectations and health and safety rules to be followed.In office computers and other portable devices are usually used. They should bechecked over before use and maintained to a high standard. It is also requiredthat you still look out for each over, even if it is in a safer environment. Internal and external inspections from the HSE can occurat any time.

This can result in negative impacts. This is why all health andsafety rules should be followed at all times, not only for your own safety butalso so you can keep your job. It is our place to report any incidents to theHSE. Ourselves as workers have a duty of care to look after all of our fellowemployees and/if they carry on doing the action we should report it.Employees under the Health and Safety at work act, whether incollege or the dockyard, are expected to follow a safe scheme of work’ andfollow Babcock Marines quote: “Home Safe Everyday”. Across both work places the employer is expected to provideall necessary equipment needed and to make sure all employees are safe. Theyare expected to follow all terms, such as RIDDOR, and make sure all employeesare safe from any problems.

If any accidents dooccur we should let the right authority know, this being:·        HSE representative·        Local staff in the areaOn top of this we should also right anyaccidents down in the accident book, whether it is a minor cut or broken leg.This is because if something serious does happen due to this injury you canclaim off the record. If nothing is written down there is no physical proof. Managementis required to ensure that all employees have the necessary skills for the jobsgiven, constructive training plans and guidance books. All people entering thework place, such as subcontractors, suppliers and customers, are also expectedto follow each and every rule just as thoroughly as any employee. Training can include in external or internal training.This could be being sent off somewhere to learn the skill needed or learning itoff a fellow peer in the workplace.The Health and safety executive is expected to keep everyonein line and following each legislation thoroughly.

They are in charge of ensuringall risk assessments are up to date and completed. They are required to keepthe work place safe as whole. When a task that youare unfamiliar with is being undergone by you a manager should always watchover t ensure the safety of yourself. It is there duty of care to make surethat you are doing everything correctly on your first time after training.If the Health and Safety legislations in the dockyard are notfollowed it can cause problems for yourself and the company. Depending on whopicks you up on the act determines the consequence. A Babcock employee orcollege supervisor may take the worker aside and express not doing the wrongdoing again.

However, if a certified Health and safety representative picks upon it first the consequences will most likely be higher. The risk of your jobmay appear, depending on the rule broken. If the rule is broken one of the mostimportant legislations, then there may be a risk of financial consequences (upto £20000) and/or imprisonment.

Fines can come out of any court cases and canlead to loss of company popularity and cause a negative impact on thereputation of the institution as a whole due to negative publicity. This couldalso lead to loss of staff and pay cuts as a remedy to support financial lossand court costs. The loss of staff could also affect the working speed andmorale of other team members There could also be a high risk on the company asthe necessary training and warning haven’t been issued out, this could causethe company damage and they could face large fines, loss of jobs or temporaryclosure.                                                                                                                                                              Thereare different reasons for personal and business problems, these problems arepicked up by a variety of people. These people being:·        H & E representatives – General (personal) health andsafety·        Inspectors – Check over the workplace for any problemsand faults·        Local authority – Gas and electricalLegally you are allowed to remove any authority from the areaif they are not permitted to be in the area at the time, however this may causeconsequential suspicion. This can lead to unexpected, but allowed, spot checksof the workplace and can lead to a suspension of the business or permanent shutdownor loss of the rights to the business and/or exponential fines given by thecrown court.     To keep the company up and running fine, the workers and thebusiness should follow all legislations put in place by health and safety.

These rules are followed closely in the workplace as long as people know themand can be reminded. Health and Safety representatives can pull people up on riskyhealth and safety situations. You also have every right to pull people up on ityourself. However, this should not have to be the case as all people should befollowing all guidelines put in place. In college, all health and safety legislations are followedclosely as the tutors have a responsibility (Dutyof Care) to keep their students safe and in a controlled environment.However, Things still go wrong when rules are not followed closely enough, butthere is always a way to avoid an unfortunate circumstance.

In the dockyard,every rule has to be followed as close as possible because if the rules are notfollowed there is a high risk of injury and a risk of losing your job. Somepeople still do not consider this account and carry on acting dangerously,however these people are caught out in the dockyard, as there are dozens ofH representatives. In an office environment, the rules are followed butnot as closely as in the workshop atmosphere.

Before use of computers, theyshould be checked over. However, this is not done every time before use.One health and safety risk that is currentlyundergoing and causing outrage between the dockyard and the community is thelocal risk of the retired submarines held up in the dockyard. There are avariety of health and safety risks that could come out of this if Babcock donot look after the submarines in a safe and considerable way. These submarinesstill have nuclear rods in and cannot be disposed until they reach Scotland.

This could cause massive damage if these are not handled with care. Anotherhealth and safety risk is that these submarines have been stored at Devonportfor roughly 30 years now and upon entry by a member of staff, the submarine maybe deemed to be unsafe and therefore cause injury. Although Babcock are more than likely lookingafter these submarines in a safe and controlled way, if they are not maintainedand stored safely they may face serious charges. This may result in negativebusiness action.Although there is no way of moving thesubmarines up to Scotland as there most likely isn’t space, Babcock and thedockyard are getting negative impacts from the community already as people arenot happy as they believe it is an unsafe place to be.