In A Midsummer Night’s Dream, thehardship of love is the love triangle among the four young Athenians: Hermialoves Lysander, Lysander loves Hermia, Helena loves Demetrius, and Demetriusloves Hermia instead of Helena. The firstmajor obstacle Hermia and Lysander face is Hermia’s father, Egeus, who wantsher to marry Demetrius instead of Lysander (1.1.
22-45). DukeTheseus is the ultimate law in Athens. Egeus says to Theseus, he has the rightunder Athenian Law to determine Hermia’s fate. “I beg the ancient privilege ofAthens. As she is mine, I may dispose of her” (1.
1.41-45). Unfortunately, Theseus has to agree that he has the right under Athenian Law to determineHermia’s fate, and reminds Hermia that she must marry the man of her father’schoosing according to Athenian law. Hermia is angry with her father, Egeus,because she is madly fall in love Lysander, and does not love Demetrius. Theseusgives Hermia two choices. She has the choice of dying or becoming a nun for therest of her life. He gives her four days to make her decision until the day ofhis own wedding with Hippolyta (1.1.
65-79).However, Hermia and Lysander come upwith a secret plan and decide toescape from Athens in order to get married to each other and live happily. Thesecond obstacle Lysander and Hermia face is when Puck accidentally puts the magicjuice in Lysander’s eyes instead of Demetrius, and Lysander falls in love withHelena who is madly in love with Demetrius (2.2.86-91). That becomes the mainconflict of the play for Lysander and Hermia. Promptly, Puck fixes this issuethat Lysander loves back Hermia again. When Egeus finds out that Demetrius doesnot love Hermia anymore, the Duke Theseus govern Egeus’will and approve Hermiato marry Lysander, as well as approve Demetrius and Helena to marry (5.
1.160-173).Love’s intoxication endures thatlove is above law, and law is below love.