Intensivefarming is a form of agriculture that is based on the increased volumes ofinputs and outputs. While the use of land remains similar to non-intensivefarming, the amount of inputs of labor and capital increases substantially,which is conducted to achieve the goal of a higher per-unit yield. Whileintensive farming is associated with such positive outcomes as higher foodproduction, there are also multiple environmental and engineering challengesthat include surface and groundwater pollution, an increase of toxicity of thefood produced, and engineering issues related to the need to provide largevolumes of water to such farms.Oneof the most apparent outcomes of intensive farming practices is thecontribution to higher levels of toxins due to the broad use of chemicals andfertilizers. The treatment of animals, crops, and land with pesticides,herbicides, and other substances increases the concentration of compounds bothin environment and final food products (“BBC – GCSE Bitesize: Intensivefarming,” n.
d.). At the same time, intensive farming practices have suchundesirable negative outcome as pollution of surface and groundwater due to theuse of chemicals.
For instance, according to an environmental study ofintensive farming lands in Australia, concentrations of 18 heavy metalsexceeded standards, which might lead to eventual hard to fauna and flora, aswell as humans in the case of consumption (Mossop et al., 2013). Finally,intensive farming may have adverse engineering outcomes due to the need toprovide large volumes of water, which is used as inputs in the practices. Itsdelivery requires either development of efficient logistics or construction ofnew water supply systems and routes. The outcomes of intensive farming arevisualized in Graph 1.
Thisproject may be attractive to environmentalists, regular consumers, and thoseinterested in developing a civil engineering career since the engineeringoutcomes presuppose the need for engineers offering solutions for thechallenges. The project could be sponsored by environmental authorities orcivil unions of consumers or retailers.