The end of the Cold War in the previous century has gained various reactions from scholars who openly expressed their opinions especially its political consequences. Kenneth Waltz, in his aspiration to provide an explanation of the current international political status, argues that structural realism that caused the fall of the Soviet Union still linger.
Democracy, which has been believed to be attained in today’s society, especially among interdependent nations, is perceived to be the solution in balancing powers among them and the elimination of war thus realizing global peace. However, Waltz argues that democratic theory and its policies concerning the nations’ liberal rights may only lead to diversified goals in the absence of external authority. Thus the structure of international politics would remain anarchic. The author provided as much evidences in the past was well as the current international political situation to prove of this continuing condition. The Soviet Union’s demise to the hands of the United States resided in its internal unbalance state that aims for more power. As a result, the current international political state has become unipolar such that one nation is more powerful than the other. Having this condition in the international politics is not healthy in the long run. The one nation that has more power is handed with numerous responsibilities and tasks that weaken it. In due course, this exercise of power over the less powerful ones may have a greater chance of misusing this power. Therefore, the modification or changes in the political theories within states are not enough to alter international political system. Waltz suggests that the elimination of which and the creation of new political theories would establish a strong government system that draws peace.
In this article, Waltz was able to deliver profoundly the cause of the decline of the Soviet empire. Furthermore, he was able to associate the current international political system in its fate by discussing various models in history.
Waltz, K. 2000. Structural Realism After the Cold War. International Security 25:1. pp 5-41.