Introduction to International Labor
The history of labor goes back into in time beginning with Sir Robert Peel’s introduction of the English Factory Act of 1802, which is now treated as a landmark throughout the days of its existence; the international labor organization has since then become the soul conscience of the world. Its policies and conventions for the provision of better working conditions and employment as it relates to issues as forced labor, child labor, freedom of association and collective bargaining, equality at work and other key workplace concerns.
This means that in employing those within this categories, caution has to be of high priority as the International Labor Organization frowns at any breach of it convention.
It must also be stated that the policies of the International labor organization is not restricted to ant one state by to all state that are signatories to the convention. It covers sates, individuals and employer.
Effects on International Business
International companies have always been accused of moving their factories to the third world regions where they expect labor to be cheap for them. Women and children constitute the highest number of these workers. This has a negative effect on foreign companies in these regions. Child labor is a major source of child exploitation and child abuse in the world especially in the world countries where poverty rate is high. Not least 250 million children between the ages of five and fourteen are working in developing countries. While not less than 120 million of these children work full-time, and tens of millions of these children work under oppressive, exploitative, and hazardous, conditions. According to recent global estimates by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the majority of the world’s working children are found in Asia (61%), followed by Africa (32 %) and Latin America and the Caribbean (7%). (9) Africa, these are the world’s poorest region, has the highest incidence of child workers is approximately 40%–while the corresponding figure for Asia and Latin America is about 20%. (10) The United Nations Children’s Fund (“UNICEF”) estimates that hundreds of millions of children worldwide under the age of fifteen are employed.
Labor Quality, Quantity, and Mobility, Minorities, Labor Market and Labor Unions
The absence of qualified personnel has always caused a decrease in the quality and quantity of projects. Labor unions movements dates back to the early centuries when men come together to fight a common cause. Either against or towards realization of an important goal. It is still the same today and is been backed up by the international labor organization conventions and they are free to join unions with interference from their employers. This organization is very powerful and can cause the total failure of the company if not taken good care of. The Oxford dictionary defined labor market as they supply of available workers with reference to the demand for them. This is a constant pool of resources that can be tapped into by companies. Although this market varies from one country to another either factors live poverty, corruption and hunger determining the and defending each different market. As interns, these facts have to be put into consideration in whatever region they find themselves. Obedience to the international labor organization and state policies of these should be regarded as important and the employment of under age children, women and minorities will be regarded as a deliberate act to exploit these vulnerable groups of people.
· M2 Communications Ltd. ( Oct 14, 2005) International Labor ; Employment Law.