Last updated: July 14, 2019
Topic: BusinessConstruction
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ISM & A ; ISPS Codes


ISM Code: Safety Management System

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Safety direction aims are to offer safer patterns in ship or set up operations and a safe working environment, assess all related hazards to ships or rigs, forces and the environment, set up proper precaution mechanisms, and continuously better forces safety direction accomplishments, including readying for exigencies refering both safety and environmental protection.

ISPS Code: Ship Security Management System

Security direction aims are to set up an internationally approved model to extinguish security menaces and take precautional steps against security incidents which straight or indirectly affect port installations, ships and rigs. Besides, to guarantee the early aggregation and effectual flow of security-related information, to supply a method for measuring security like holding in topographic point ship security programs and procedure instructions for altering security degrees, and every bit good as to guarantee the arrangement of adequate and clearly defined nautical security steps.

By incorporating using both codifications, the hazard to the fleet can be minimized and mulcts and Port State Control detainments can be avoided. To assist cut down the hazards, the following are to be included as portion of the concluding cheques prior to port entry and ocean trip to guarantee conformance to the international convention demands. In add-on, the execution of ISM and ISPS will protect the fleet’s repute and will assist to acquire most out of the company’s human resources. All points in this policy reappraisal are to be checked on an on-going footing to supplement the company’s operational and care processs every bit good as the i¬‚ag State’s demands.

ISPS Code Conformity Requirements

Every ship or rig to which the security codification applies must hold:

  • A Company Security Officer ( CSO ) ;
  • Implemented and approved Ship Security Plan ( SSP ) ;
  • A Ship Security Officer ( SSO ) ;
  • IMO Number marked on certain locations on the vas ;
  • Installed AIS, ( see Equipment, paragraph 1 )
  • A Continuous Outline Record – CSR ; and
  • Installed Security Alert System ( see Equipment, paragraph 2 ) .

Ship Security Plan

Ship security program is the program developed to guarantee the application of the vessel’s or rig’s steps and designed to protect the crew on board, lading, lading gear units, and shops or overall the ship from hazards related to security incidents. The submitted SSP shall be reviewed and approved when it is verified to be in conformity with the ISPS Code. ( Handbook for Ship Security System Audit, 2012 )

Continuous Outline Record

The CSR is intended to supply an on board record of the history of the vas or rig with regard to the information recorded therein.

Work force

  • Port Facility Security Officer ( PFSO )

The individual responsible for the development, alteration, care and execution of the port installation security program and run as affair with company security officer and ship security officer.

  • Company Security Officer ( CSO )

The designated individual of the company for guaranting that the vessel security planning is carried out ; responsible for the development of the security program, blessing entry, care and execution every bit good as for affair with the ship security officer, port installation security officer, and the flag. The hearer is to verify that the vas has provided indispensable information of the persons in their company who have been designated as a CSO. This information shall be in the SSP.

  • Ship Security Officer ( SSO )

A individual on board the vas, most normally the Master, designated as responsible for the security facets of the ship, including care and execution of the ship security program and to execute activities as affair with the CSO, PFSO and the flag disposal. The hearer is to verify that the company has designated and trained at least one of the senior officers onboard to execute the SSO responsibilities.


Automated Identification System ( AIS )

  • For all vass executing activities and engaged in international ocean trips is required the installing of an Automatic Identification System installed harmonizing to SOLAS Chapter V Regulation 19.2 or a valid freedom certification issued by the flag disposal.
  • The AIS installing has to be approved by the ship’s or rig’s categorization society.

Ship Security Alarm System ( SSAS )

  • The installing and operation of SSA shall be verified upon installing by the RSO that issued the ISSC. The SSAS equipment and its operation are to stay confidential. The confirmation of the SSAS shall be conducted by the same RSO that issued the initial enfranchisement. The figure of persons, who were portion of the confirmation and reappraisal procedure and have knowledge of the location of SSA, is to be kept to a lower limit.
  • 4.16.3The message programmed into the SSAS shall include, but is non limited to:
  • Vessel name ;
  • IMO figure ;
  • Name mark ;
  • Maritime Mobile Service Identity ( MMSI ) /DSC figure ;
  • Position, class and velocity ; and
  • Date and clip ( UTC ) of the message.
  • The ship security qui vives shall be sent to the company and the disposal.


  • The hearer shall verify that the CSO and SSO have received the appropriate preparation as referenced in STCW VI/5 & A ; 6 and that documental grounds is available. Mention to the corresponding flag disposal web site for list of sanctioned preparation institutes.
  • For all mariners, a certification of proficiency issued by CSO or SSO is to be available. The CoP will be granted upon the successful completion of the audit which examines the forces in the followers:
    • Is the crew familiar with the content of the company security policy and the related processs, as described in the SSP?
    • Is there grounds about the crew’s consciousness in security related issues ( e.g. , entree control of people, lading control, restricted countries onboard, duties in instance of security menaces, etc. ) ?
    • Does the crew cognize how to react to an onslaught or menace state of affairs?


  • All records presented to the hearer shall be recorded in English.
  • All records listed under the ISPS Code shall be kept for at least 3 old ages. This is to guarantee that they will be available for reappraisal during the confirmation audits.
  • Each vas shall hold an single SSP tailored to its SSA. However, there will be information in each ship ‘s program that will be the same for all of the ship ‘s in the company ‘s fleet, for vass on the same trade path and for sister ships runing in the same trade. The SSA for the first ship can be used as a theoretical account for each of the other ships engaged in the same trade on the same paths.
  • The hearer is to verify any alterations made in the CSR and that the flag disposal has been informed consequently. Failure to maintain the Administration informed is cause for annuling the ship security certification.
  • Company security exercising shall prove communications, company coordination, resource handiness and response in conformity with ISPS Code Part B/13.7.
  • The CSO shall supply a sum-up of the vass in exercising, that should include:
  • Description of the scenario ;
  • Summary of the drill ;
  • List of all parties involved ; and
  • Description of any recommendations that could better the SSP.

Overall Assessment/Summary

Even though, ISPS Code represents the apogee of merely one year’s intense work by IMO, an international model concentrating on the appraisal of security menaces and preventative steps against incidents, affecting transportation and port industries and authorities bureaus is established.

In outlining ISPS codification, attention has been taken to guarantee compatibility with the commissariats of International Safety Management Code and the consonant system of study and enfranchisement. ISM’s chief subdivisions ( 1-9 ) are addressed expeditiously in the ISPS codification as follows.

  1. Safety and environmental protection policy — — — — — —& gt ; ISPS
  2. Company duties and Authority — — — — — —& gt ; ISPS Part A-6 ( pp.11 )
  3. Designated individuals — — — — — —& gt ; ISPS Part A-12 ( pp.16 & A ; 17 )
  4. Master’s duty and governments — — — — — —& gt ; SOLAS Reg.8 ( pp.118 )
  5. Resources and forces — — — — — —& gt ; ISPS Part B-15.5 ( pp.77 )
  6. Shipboard operations — — — — — —& gt ; ISPS Part A-8 ( under ship security appraisal )
  7. Emergency readiness — — — — — —& gt ; ISPS Part A-13 ( pp.18 )
  8. Reports and analysis of non-conformities, accidents and risky happenings —& gt ; ISPS Part A-10 ( pp.15 & A ; 55-59 )

However, ISPS Code requires farther appraisal to heighten its aims, implement its paragraphs and let for sustainability in the maritime industry. In order to, set up a more effectual ISPS Code and pull off more expeditiously possible security menaces recommendations have to be made. The undermentioned paragraphs are dedicated to the synthesis of a complete action program for the execution of the Code. Undoubtedly, many of them have been addressed as specific demands from flag disposals, nevertheless if they get incorporated in the original papers they are able add value to the present codification.

– During SSP reappraisal and blessing, the following shall be defined within the SSP, in add-on to those listed in Part A of the ISPS Code.

  • Ship’s security organisational construction ;
  • The vessel’s relationships with the company, port installations, other vass and relevant governments with security duties and responsibilities ;
  • The ship communicating systems within the effectual communicating between the ship and port installations or CSO ;
  • The basic security steps for security degree 1, both operational and physical, that will ever be in topographic point ;
  • The extra security steps that will let for the ship’s to alter to security degree 2 and, if necessary, to security degree 3 ;
  • The proviso for regular reappraisal and audit of the Ship Security Plan and for its changes in response to see or altering fortunes ; and
  • Detailed coverage processs to the Contracting Government ‘s contact points.

– During the ISPS confirmation, the undermentioned subdivisions of Part B of the ISPS Code shall be treated as compulsory demands for issue of the corresponding certifications.

  • Revision of SSP ;
  • Protection of the confidentiality of security programs and appraisals ;
  • Recognized security organisation ;
  • Minimal competences of RSO ;
  • Puting the security degree ;
  • Contact points and information on PFSPs ;
  • Designation paperss ;
  • Ship ‘s application of the security patterns as recommended by the disposal depending on the Waterss they are sailing ;
  • Maning awareness degree ;
  • Accurate and rapid flow of information when a vas is denied or expelled from a port ;
  • Ships from a State which is non a party to the Convention ;
  • Company ‘s duty to supply information about the ship ‘s operators ;
  • Minimal criterions for the SSA ;
  • Independence of RSO ; and
  • Frequency of drills and exercisings sing security for crew and security officers.

– Harmonizing to the Liberian Flag ( ISPS Code Special Requirements, 2012, pp.5 ) although it is non a demand, the company should contemplate integrating the relevant shipboard security demands into the company’s Safety Management System ( SMS ) .

The Safety Management system should:

  • Specify the security responsibilities and duties for the Company Security ;
  • Officer, the Ship Security Officers and the crew ;
  • Discuss who will be responsible for forming security drills and exercisings ;
  • Contain processs for instantly describing any disobedience with the ;
  • ISPS Code, menaces and breach of security to the Administration ;
  • Defined care demand for the security equipment ;
  • Provide for the logging of actions or steps taken to rectify lacks and non-conformities noted during Security Assessments and presentment of the Administration and the RSO of any disciplinary actions taken ;
  • Supply the list of records to retain on board and keeping period ;
  • Specify the processs for the consonant internal ISM and ISPS Code audits
  • State the company will supply the support necessary to help the CSO and SSO to present their responsibilities and duties in conformity with chapter XI-2 of SOLAS and the ISPS Code.

Abbreviations of footings

ISPS Codei?s International Ship and Port Facility Security Code

( Formal name: The International Code for the Security of Ships and of Port Facility )

ISSCi?s International Ship Security Certificate

SSPi?s Ship Security Plan

SSAi?s Ship Security Assessment

CSOi?s Company Security Officer

SSOi?s Ship Security Officer

RSOi?s Recognized Security Organization

PFSOi?s Port Facility Security Officer

SSASi?s Ship Security Alert System