K. RAJESH KUMAR

Senior Research Fellow, Dept of Philosophy,

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Osmania University, Hydearabad,Telangana.

Email: [email protected]

_____________________________________________________________________

ABSTRACT

One
of the influential forces that shaped the human ideology and view of life is
Religion. Every religion of the world is a result of spiritual and
philosophical advancements of human thinking. India being “the land of
religions” contributed a lot in this regard. The highest philosophical ideas
from the ancient Vedic Rishis to modern time Ramakrishna paramahamsa shaped the
Indian philosophical system into a concrete philosophy. Swami Vivekananda the
beloved disciple of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa redefined religion and
emphasized more on practical Vedantic realization rather theoretical teachings.
He established the Advaita Vedanta as the Magna Karta of Indian philosophy. He
not only talks religion but also about the Indian problems like poverty and
illiteracy. The notions of religion changes from geographical and historical
perspectives and from time to time. The intellectual Swamijis interpret it from
time to time and establishes the religion.

My
paper will analyze the contribution of Swami Vivekananda to the Practical
Vedanta and how he synthesizes all religions of the world. The best idea given
by his master Sri Ramakrishna paramahamsa that “all religions are true” is
spread throughout the globe by his disciple Swami Vivekananda. In today’s 21st
century world we need peaceful and acceptable Universal religion which will be
accepted by everybody and that which includes everybody not excluding anybody.
Religion must make every human being to realize one’s infinite potential.

Keywords: view of life, human thinking, vedantic
realization, synthesize, infinite
potential.

 

INTRODUCTION

In
course of evolution, it is only the human being who is capable of Thinking
among all animals. This thinking capability kept him apart from all animals.
With this thinking power he created so many civilizations. The concept of
religion evolved in the form of prayers to the fore fathers. Swami Vivekananda
in his essay life after death says that the prayers to the forefathers became
as a part of customs and rituals. The primary ideas and rituals took a form of
religion and in return the religion gave rise to the other rituals. The concept
of religion is sometimes more effective to unite people than the race and
place. In course of time with this capability of Thinking, the human mind tried
to know about the origin of the universe and religion.  For 
many centuries to understand this reality he looked outside but he
failed so many times. This is clearly shown in the ancient texts of Indian
philosophy the Vedas.

 

THE
NOTION OF RELIGION IN VEDAS

 

The Vedas are a large body of knowledge texts originating in the
ancient Indian subcontinent. Composed in Vedic
Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer
of Sanskrit literatureand the
oldest scriptures of Hinduism.1 The Veda, for orthodox Indian theologians, are
considered revelations seen by ancient sages after
intense meditation, and texts that have been more carefully preserved since
ancient times. The Sanskrit term veda as a
common noun means “knowledge”.2     The term in some contexts, such
as hymn 10.93.11 of the Rigveda, means “obtaining or finding wealth,
property”, while in some others it means “a bunch of grass
together” as in a broom or for ritual fire. The
Vedic people did not understand the nature very much about the natural
phenomenon like monsoon, earthquakes and cyclones. So thematically they created
so many Gods for example Agni varuna Mitra.   the
first sloka of Rg Veda, which says “Agni meele purohitam.” 3 (Oh Agni, You who gleam in the darkness, To You we come day by day, with
devotion and bearing homage. So be of easy access to us, Agni, as a father to his son, abide with us for our well being) is about the
greatness of Fire. The Vedic
religion was not about rituals. The main essence of the religion was to realize
the mystic of the oneness of the universe. As said above it inspires to seek
the truth as everything you are looking for is within you. the Vedas seem to be
with full of prayers, but given the bese to the Upanishads and laid foundation
for the Vedanta. this can be seen in the very great ideas like “Ekam Sat Vipra Bahudha Vadanti” 4 is a Sutra quote from of all the over one hundred