The specialization of labor in the work force streamlines the company’s organization structure and thus impacts on the over-all efficiency of its operations. The concept of labor specialization brings about certain advantages that increase the output of the employees. Specialization is an organizational strategy that can elicit favorable outcomes for a particular business; the specific implications are outlined in the subsequent paragraphs.
First, repetition of a certain task by an employee harnesses faster learning strategies. Also, repetition can be able to produce higher development of the employee’s skill. This is due to the fact that the employee would be more focused on that particular tasked, instead of a variety of responsibilities, thereby gradually molding the skills of the person. Eventually, the person would produce an expertise on the task, and would prove to be efficient in terms of output and production. For instance, if an employee is assigned to supervise the final output in the production line, then s/he does not need to concern himself/herself with the other tasks and focus on evaluating the production outputs. If it is to be done over and over again, then there this repetition process can definitely endow to the person the skill as learning strategy requires repetition in order to acquire a particular knowledge.
This hence would prevent the loss of time, owing to the person changing responsibility or task. Instead of wasting valuable moments shifting from one focus to the other, the person can devote all attention to the assigned tasked, and specialize in that. This way, no energy would be lost on learning many different tasks, which would only widen and prolong the learning period and impact negatively on productivity. In the production line, if the output supervisor would still look at the whole production process, then valuable time would be wasted, and s/he may not do the real job assigned to him/her well.
Lastly, because of the creation of a particular specialization, the employee would acquire the expertise of the task, and require fewer resources from the company in order to be able to accomplish such task. This would reduce the investment and cost of labor that is devoted to a person, as s/he would be more productive due to skill specialization. The cost to train a person in many task would be less efficient that training him/her only in a single task then devoting all effort wholly to that task.
In conclusion, labor specialization is deemed to be advantageous for an organization as it decreases the employee’s learning period, which prevents the loss of time, and eventually encourages a certain specialization. This therefore increases the output efficiency and manpower productivity of the company.