Last updated: July 12, 2019
Topic: BusinessCompany
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Language communities:

Chinese individuals in america

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Introduction

With the growth of worldwide globalization systems, it could not be denied that many people are transferring from one country to another. Some for business reasons, some for educational reasons and others just transfer for tourism purposes. Whatever it is that the different races transfer places, it could not be denied that in many ways, the said progressive movement of the human society towards the future raises several points of consideration in the human identity belonging to a certain ethnic group. Along with the global development comes the exchange of culture and other aspects of racial contributions such as language has been exchanged through immigration activities. This is the reason why it is very important for people to see to it that even though there is so much diversity in the world, language is still one of the keys by which a certain race’s ethnicity could be identified amidst diversity.

What is Language?

Language is the means by which feelings or thoughts are expressed, or communicated. The tongue plays a most active part in expressing one’s thoughts and the English word “language” indicates this, as it comes from the Latin lingua, meaning “tongue.” The Hebrew and Greek words for “tongue” also signify “language.” The Hebrew term for “lip” is used in a similar way. Language is most intimately associated with the mind. It is the mind that employs the speech organs—throat, tongue, lips and teeth—as its instruments. Thus, the Encyclopedia Britannica states: “Thinking and words go together. To be clear, thinking of an idea has to rely upon names [or nouns] and their various associations with one another.

. . . While some minor reservations are justifiable there is an overwhelming mass of evidence . . . that fortifies the contention stated above—no words, no thinking.”

Along with the scientific fact that language is a way by which the mind speaks itself, it could not also be denied that many sociologists refer to language as the main factor why people from different lands are able to understand each other. In the present times, it could be noticed that English is the universal language that almost everyone form the different parts of the Earth speak as one. In the paragraphs to follow, the Chinese ethnicity and the importance of the English language in their national identity shall be thoroughly discussed.

The Chinese English and Ethnicity

The Chinese society is known to be among the most traditional Asian countries. However, their being one of the strongest growing economy in the world, it could not be denied that along with the progress comes different adjustments that should be carried in the Chinese culture. The said adjustments include the existing language in the said society. English, as said earlier is the present era’s most accepted language in the International trade, hence, learning and incorporating English in a certain country’s developing processes is considered to be among the most important factors of progress. How would the traditional ways of speaking in China meet this need? Certainly, the need for identity is required by any nationality although they are longing to be globally competitive. Hence, ethnicity is believed to be one of the results of the said incorporation of the English language with the national tongue. How is this possible and how effective could it prove to be?

In many continents around the world, English takes different forms depending on the continent where it is used. As for example, in Britain, UK English is used, in Singapore, Singlish is used. In china, it is proposed that Chinglish be used. It is a composition of English used by Chinese people. It is characterized by simple grammar and heavily accented tone in speech. The usage of the said language makes the Chinese people capable of dealing with foreigners with regards to business while remaining traditionally connected with their own language. In many ways, the said language is also used to bind the country. As well known, China has different languages also that at times give the society difficulty on what is actually meant by other ethnic groups compared to that of the others. Consequently, through the use of Chinglish, many Chinese people are already able to communicate with each other regardless of the ethnic groups they came form. Yes, the usage of the incorporation of English in the traditional language in China has helped so much in the progress of the continent whether internationally or nationally. The aid language too has been able to identify them of their ethnicity in the international connections while being globally competitive when it comes to economic issues.

 

A Brief Overview on the Importance of

Communication in Human Development (A Brief Literature Review)

Communication is indeed one of the oldest procedures of humans in connecting with each other. Within the ancient years, people utilized sounds to be able to connect to each other. Later on, the sounds developed into words, words into phrases and now, people are already capable of expressing themselves through speaking different languages. This fact leads to the proof that one of the most important needs of people is to communicate. It is the particular factor that separates humans from other creations, since they are able to connect to others through the use of words, or body language, they have the means by which they are able to express their innermost thoughts through communicating their minds to others.

However, through the years, the development of the artistic and strategic way of using communication as a link towards other people has been continuously improving. Now, at the brink of globalization, more and more people are having the capability of connecting to others of different races from their own through communication, yet they are lacking the skills of doing so. How then are humans supposed to face this particular challenge of social progress? The book of Rudolph and Kathleen Verderber discusses of the four major ways by which the human society could gain the right skills to communicate.

According to the Verderbers, successful speech communication with others could only be attained through constant practice. This practice through does not only involve one’s own effort of attaining the skills of rightful speech. In a concise discussion within the four chapters of their book, Kathleen and Rudolph gave the four basic steps by which people could gain good and considerably practical communication skills.

(1) Foundations of Communication, the first 100 pages

This section includes some topics such as verbal and nonverbal communication, plus the perception of self and others. The said topic primarily focus on the ability of the person to use all the possible ways to be able to connect with others in the society, making a certain stress on the fact that people do need to communicate with others because it is innate in them to do so. Using this as the main foundation of learning the skills for speech is certainly a fine start for someone wanting to gain the rightful knowledge needed to converse with others.

(2) Interpersonal Communication, the next 110 pages

This part of the book includes several topics ranging from listening and job interviews to communicating in relationships. Most likely, the focus of this part is to show the reader how communication skills are practically applied in real life. The aim of the authors is primarily to encourage the readers to believe the fact that they cannot do away with the fact that communication is a regular part of human living and they could not do away with it.

(3) Group Communication

This particular section tells the reader how to participate in groups as well as to how to apply leadership within groups through the use of fine communicating skills on the part of the one creating the conversation.

(4) Public Speaking

The Final chapter discusses on how to pick a topic, research it, adapting to an audience. It also gives a clear description on the differences between informative vs. persuasive speaking. This part mainly focuses on the capability of the readers to develop their skills in expressing themselves in front of a crowd as they hold their attention through the discussions that they are addressing to them.

Through the discussion of the four major chapters of the book Communicate!, it could be noted that the authors of the book wanted to stress on the importance of an individual’s ability in expressing himself whether personally or publicly. The constant recognition of the fact that people are indeed capable and are responsible of communicating themselves with others have particularly made this reading material a must read. Especially for those who are having problems with the development of their interpersonal and extended relationships with other people in the society because of their lacking capability to communicate their thoughts whether through speech or through writing.

Possible Problems that May Arise in Conversations

Communication is an important part of human relations. In fact, it has been noted as the oldest and the most basic procedure that humans once used and continues to use in order to have strong connection with each other. Through historical reports, it could be noted that humans belonging to different civilizations were following different patterns of communication with each other. Today, there are numerous ways of communication with each other that makes it possible for people to reconnect with everyone else in the society.

However, not everyone is able to establish a fine connection with others through the utilization of communication. There is such a thing as ineffective communication, which instead of creating a fine relationship with others, it creates tension between people who are trying to create connection with their fellowmen. This is where communication roadblocks enter the discussion. These roadblocks are usually encountered because of the differences of each human individual. It could be noted that because of the differences of each person, the receiving and giving of message through words and action between people may not be that common enough to easily understand. Within the paragraphs that follow, the said twelve roadblocks shall be discussed clearly.

The Roadblocks of Communication
The roadblocks mentioned earlier could be identified to fall into three major divisions. These include judging, sending solutions, and avoiding other’s concerns. These three divisions are then subdivided into few more 12 subsections. At some point, these destructive procedures of communication at times happen when two persons are in a discussion that is involving problems or personal troubles. Because of the tension that is usually built up due to the problem being talked about, the sense of right reasoning is usually lost because of the lack of understanding that exists due to the tension.

To be able to understand everything, the twelve roadblocks should be discussed herein in a clearer pattern:

·         Judging

o   Criticizing

This is the way by which a person intends to manipulate the thinking of the other person through questioning the attitudes of the other. Not only that, the situation usually aggravates the questioning of the attitude of the other towards the other person. Robert Bolton comments on the matter saying: “Many of us feel we need to be critical, or other people will never improve we make a negative evaluation of the other person, for his or her actions, or attitudes.” (1999)

The attitude of man to even aggravate the situation being faced by the other because of some emotional attachment to the issue makes this particular roadblock an effective way of stopping or heating up a particular conversation.

o   Name-calling

At some point, when people get pissed off because of a heated conversation, they tend to course the other or at times they name-call the others with insulting titles that makes it hard for the other party of communication to understand clearly what is happening. The result then leads to a more aggravated heated conversation. Bolton further adds, “Name calling and labeling usually have negative overtones to both the sender and receiver. Labeling prevents us from getting to know ourselves and other individuals.” (1999)

o   Diagnosing

At some point, when people argue over something, they become too much sensitive with how the other reacts upon a certain situation or how a person intends to talk back to them. The sensitiveness results to diagnosis of the reaction of the other and the way of speech that he or she uses within the conversation. Instead of simply listening to what the person says, reading between the lines becomes another way of decoding the bodily message of the person who is speaking. Another comment from Bolton reads: “We analyze why a person is behaving as he or she is. Playing amateur psychiatrist. Diagnosing is a form of labeling. Instead of listening to the substance of what a person is saying, some people play emotional detective.”

o   Praising Evaluatively

Praising others with the good things that they do is not wrong. However, praising them with hidden motives of insulting them is a major roadblock in communication. Particularly, people tend to do this through disposing the message in double meaning. Whereas the evaluative praising is done to actually connote a wrong attitude of the person being talked to. This procedure of speaking is made through over-praising that is usually based on fraudulent backgrounds.

·         Sending Solutions

Sometimes, when two people are talking to each other, they have the tendency of giving each other an advice, which they think, is necessary for the situation being dealt with by the other. However, it appears that at times, listening is better than giving one’s opinion on the matter at all. It could be observed through this that the importance of listening is really appreciated during times of low emotional situations of other people.

o   Ordering and Threatening

Most likely, when a person gets overwhelmed with a situation whereas another close person is involved with, he tends to create a possibility by which he could fix the situation for the other person.  He intends to order the other to take some steps and later on threaten him with the consequences that might face him if he does not follow the orders given to him. The motive is good indeed but the process of sending the proposed help for the other is wrong making the conversation less refreshing than expected.

o   Moralizing and excessive Questioning

To straighten up the path of the other, one tends to moralize him through giving him advices, which he thinks would help him clean up possible mess that he made. Aside form this; excessive questioning regarding the situation even makes the moralization procedure a bit more irritating as it intends to increase the tension, which is already felt by the other person.

o   Advising

As mentioned earlier, at times, a person simply needs somebody who would be ready to listen to him. Consequently not all who are becoming the confidant of others realize this. Hence, they tend to advice the person of what should be done, when actually it is not that necessary. The confusion then occurs and the disagreement develops. Bolton again says: “We give the other person a solution to their problems. The advice-giving trap is a rather constant temptation to us, and we find we are most apt to give in to it when someone we love talks over a problem with us…Advice is often a basic insult to the intelligence of the other person. It implies a lack of intelligence in the capacity of the person with the problem to understand and cope with their own difficulties…another problem with advice is that the advisor seldom understands the full implications of the problem, the complexities, the feelings, and other factors that lie hidden beneath the surface.” (1999). Yes, sometimes, people already know what to do; they just need somebody to hear them out.

·         Avoiding other’s concerns

o   Diverting

Sometimes when people are so eager to share something, they tend to talk and talk and talk. When it is the time of the other to talk, they intend to divert the conversation back to where they started and talk about their own story again. To many, this is quite insulting especially because it denotes that the other is not really that interested in listening to what the other person has to say.

o   Logical Argument

To display intelligence, some tent to be sarcastically logical in evaluating the conversation. Primarily this would insult the other speaker making the conversation less productive. Moreover, these comments are less emotionally concerned. People tend to talk and talk continuously without actually giving concern to what the others are saying.

o   Reassuring

At some point, when someone becomes the confidant of a certain person, he feels the need of being able to be of help with the person and the situation that he is dealing with. He then tends to help the other by reassuring him when actually he fears of the pressure placed upon his responsibility because of the conversation.

These twelve roadblocks to effective conversation certainly make it harder for people to resolve the problems that they are dealing with. Learning all these particular truths about conversation basics points out to the importance of the one particular element of effective element of communication that is listening. TODAY there are all manner of “gaps” between people. There is the “generation gap” between old and young. There are gaps between parents and children, between schoolteachers and their students, between employers and employees and between religious leaders and their flocks. What are the causes of these gaps? No doubt they are varied and many, but quite likely one of the main ones are failure on the part of both parties to communicate. This, in turn, is largely due to each party’s failing to listen to the other. So often persons are thinking of something else while someone is talking to them, instead of paying attention to what is being said. Husbands are prone to do this, especially if they have talkative wives. Mastering the art of listening is particularly important for parents, for schoolteachers, for men with responsibility in business and industry, and for all who would counsel persons with emotional problems. This is especially true when two people from different races converse using a language that may not be that compelling for both sides of the communication. There might be said to be three basic kinds of listening. (1) Listening for information, for facts and figures, for the thought content. (2) Also listening for emotional content, paying attention to the tone of voice and whether the speaker is happy or depressed, pleased or angry, proud or humble. The emotions manifested by the speaker, if noted, will go far toward throwing light on what is said. Empathy is all-important for this kind of listening. And (3) there is also the matter of listening for that, which is not said. (Awake! 1998)

Implications of Learning

From the informations particularly found in this particular study, it could be noticed that the implications of the fine practice of communicating with others could actually be applied within the patterns of procedural approach used in natural therapy. Through the ability of a therapist of when on to start speaking and when to start listening, the counseling therapy that he or she would be able to provide her clients would surely be a source of refreshment to the weary minds seeking assistance from the said professionals. Through the therapists’ constant consideration on what the person asking for their help really want to receive basing from the way they present their issues, they could actually be able to give the ample help that their clients require of. Through this, the existence of fine understanding between the client and the therapist would occur making the situation easier to solve. From the context of this paper, it could be observed that communication exists in two different roads of stop and go. One is listening and one is speaking. There are times when speaking and speaking of what one thinks about is not that helpful in creating a fine a procedure of communicating. There are moments when keeping still and listening to what is being said by the other gives more support than advising or commanding them of what they should and should not do regarding a particular situation.

From this point, it is indeed necessary to do the right thing at the right time. With the twelve roadblocks of communication mentioned earlier, it could be noticed that the capability of a person to understand and being reasonable within a conversation is affected by different influences. Certainly, through the effective use of timing on when to talk and when to listen, a conversation between to people could indeed turn into a more refreshing source of comfort. When people speak, the words they use may correctly identify emotions. But if their words are not expressed with corresponding feeling, those who hear them may doubt their sincerity. On the other hand, if the words are expressed with appropriate feeling, the said speech can take on a beauty that may touch the hearts of others.

The Impact of the Issue on Education Presentation

Multiculturalism among schools is most likely affecting major educational institutions in the United States today. This is primarily because of the fact that the growing effect of globalization around the world influences major sectors of the world especially that of the educational field. As for a fact, surveys pertain to the fact that there are major numbers of students among American schools that come from minor races who are trying to attain education from the said country. As a result, most schools, both elementary and high school cater to at least 55% of the minor race population compared to the number of students who are among the natives of the country. This statistical fact certainly races a challenging situation to the educators of the said scholastic institutions.  This challenge actually raises a changing effect within the existing system of education that is currently used in the United States.

In a survey that has been performed among young students who are directly affected by the situation mentioned above, the results were radically affecting and changing with regards the learning and teaching systems within the American regions. In this particular survey, it could be noted that there are certain considerations to take notice of to be able to meet the needs of the new students who are under the multicultural educational system. The results of the said survey as well as how they particularly affect the educational approach in teaching and learning within the American territories shall be discussed within the paragraphs that follow.

Children who were studying in the first grade in Beverly Martin Elementary School in Ithaca, New York, responded to the survey based from what they actually wanted to receive from their educators as young learners belonging to a culturally diverse environment of educational divisions. Based from their response, it could be noted that there are tat least three major requirements among educators that are primarily expected from them by their students. The said expectations include (a) Being personally involved with the students’ procedures of learning; (b) Being constantly recognized for excellent response to the teaching procedures used towards them by the teachers; (c) giving lessons through modern procedures that are much better that the usual.

These three major expectations draw the line of the fact that the students actually need their teachers to treat them fairly in schools even though they are obviously belonging from different races around the world. It could be observed that the ideal teaching that these young learners expect is based on personal concern of their teachers focused upon the learning progress that they are particularly dealing with in school. Of course, dealing with children from other races may not be that easy for the said early learners of the actual scene that is eminent in the human society today. However, through the assistance of their teachers in school, even children as young as first graders would be able to understand the ideal way of dealing with people from other races through the pattern of teaching and treatment that they first observe from their educators.

It should always be considered that young children are very observant. It could not be denied that through the acts that the older people portray which they particularly observe everyday, they begin to gain the most important parts of learning that they need to face in life. For this particular reason, teachers who are challenged in dealing with multicultural education patterns should realize that young children have the need of being personally cared for. The psychological impact of the idea that people around them are concerned on how they are growing actually motivates children to o good in school and later on do better with their lives.

Children from different countries may appear differently in terms of their physical attributes. However, young as they are, they are actually following the same pattern of growth and personality development that should be considered by their school educators. In dealing with children from different cultures, it should then be noted that the need for emphasizing concern for their personal growth and acknowledging their good deeds and excellent educational progress is an essential key to gaining the best results from the learning procedures of the said children. Hence, this particular suggestion leads to a certain conclusion that children, regardless of the color of the skin or the origin of their culture all need the same level of attention and concern when it comes to learning and education.

 

Conclusion

Certainly, through the facts presented in this paper, it could be recognized that language does play a large role in identifying a certain society’s ethnical identity while becoming globally competitive in the world market. The incorporation of the Internationally accepted language, which is English, does not only lead a country in becoming globally known but it would also help in reuniting the said country through language.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Feagin, Joe. (1996). Racial and Ethnic Relations. Prentice Hal. New Jersey.

William B. Gudykunst. (2000). Asian American Ethnicity and Communication. Sage Publications, Inc.

Carmen Fought. (2006). Language and Ethnicity (Key Topics in Sociolinguistics). Cambridge University Press; 1st edition.

Joshua A. Fishman. (1985). The Rise and Fall of the Ethnic Revival: Perspectives on Language and Ethnicity (Contributions to the Sociology of Language). Walter de Gruyter.

Richard H. Thompson. (2000). Theories of Ethnicity: A Critical Appraisal (Contributions in Sociology). Greenwood Press.

Nazli Kibria. (2003). Becoming Asian American: Second-Generation Chinese and Korean American Identities. The Johns Hopkins University Press; New Ed edition.

Rudolph F. Verderber and Kathleen S. Verderber. (2007). Communicate!. Wadsworth Publishing; 12 edition.

Kevin Hogan. (2000). Can’t Get Through: 8 Barriers to Communication. Pelican Publishing Company.

Evelyn B. Dandy. (1991). Black Communications: Breaking Down the Barriers. African American Images; 1st ed edition.

John O. Burtis. (2005). Group Communication Pitfalls: Overcoming Barriers to an Effective Group Experience. Sage Publications, Inc.

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