This website took time to explain the different occurrences in language development in young children. They used a chart to present typical progressions as time goes on. For the most part, most children will not follow the chart completely. They suggest that if a child seems to be quite behind in the chart to consult a physicians regarding the concerns.
A children typically at 6 months will respond to his/her name, respond to human voices without visual cues by turning their head or eyes and respond appropriately to friendly and angry tones. At 12 months, a child will use one or more words with meaning (most times in fragments). They also will understand simple instructions. At 1 ½ years, children will have a vocabulary of about 5-20 words. They mostly know nouns and are able to follow simple commands.
At two years, a child will begin growing more rapidly with language — they can now name a number of objects and are able to use prepositions. They also combine words into short sentences and usually have about a 150-300 word vocabulary. Typically, their fluency and rhythm are poor. When a child turns three years old, he/she will be able to use the pronouns I, you & me correctly. They will begin to use plurals and past tenses and will know at least three prepositions (typically in, on and under). They know most body part words and can handle three word sentences quite easily. Their vocabulary will grow to almost 1,000 words.
As one progresses to 6 yeas, they should be completely intelligible and socially useful in language. They should be able to tell a connected story. At eight years old, he/she will use complex and compound sentences without a second thought. They may have a few mistakes in grammatical structure, but generally do well. They have great control of their rate, pitch and volume and can carry on conversation at an adult level.
TITLE: Speech and Language Development
They explain the idea that language is a code made up of a variety of rules dictating what words mean, how to make them, how to put them together and what combinations are best in specific situations. Speech is the oral form of this language.
The site has many links that are language development based. One of them is accent modification explaining that everyone has some type of accent, which is an unique way of speech that is pronounced by a group of people in specific regions. Accents are natural occurrences, they are not a speech or language disorder. These differences reflect the differences between people. Many people take pride in their accent. One may visit a speech pathologist to work on accent reduction, if so desired.
Another thing included are activities to encourage speech development in one’s children.
From birth to two years, one may encourage their child to make vowel-like and consonant-vowel sounds to shape their speech patterns. They may also teach them to imitate actions such as clapping hands and throwing kisses. Identifying colors and counting items with them will positively affect them as well.
Age 2 to 4 years, parents can repeat what a child says indicating that you understand. You can also make a scrapbook of favorite things and have them repeat the names of the objects. By singing simple songs and reciting nursery rhymes with them, you can also teach your child the correct rhythm and pattern of speech.
TITLE: Delayed speech or language development
They explain the situation is common for children to be behind in language. Before the child is 12 months old, children should be cooing and babbling. As they grow older (to about 9 months), they begin to string sounds together and say words like “mama” and “dada.” Children who are one year old should be attentive to sound. If they watch intently but don’t react, they may have hearing loss.
A little later, they should have a wide range of speech sounds and at least one ‘true’ word not including mama or dada. Right before the infant turns two, they should have a 20 word vocabulary and be able to combine two words as a sentence. At two years, a child should be able to say a few words together that are understandable. As time goes on, the child’s vocabulary should increase and comprehension level should rise as well. Your child should also begin to identify colors and comprehend descriptive concepts (big versus little, for example).
The difference between speech and language is also explained. Speech is the verbal expression, while language is much broader and refers to the entire system of expression. Most speech problems include both concepts. For example, a child with a language problem may pronounce words well but not able to put two words together.
TITLE: Language Development
It explains that language development is a process that occurs early in life. It starts as a remembrance of simple words without meaning and evolves to a way of communication at a deep, intellectual level. As time progresses, sentences are formed as the child begins to construct together words with logical meaning.
Also, children often use their faces and bodies to communicate what they need/want. It is also important to know that people learn at different rates. It should be an effortless task. Many linguists believe that our ability to learn language may have developed through the evolution process. It is very crucial that a child is allow to interact with other who can talk and respond to questions. They learn by example. It is believed that language is acquired through imitation.
TITLE: Speech and Language Developmental Milestones
The site begins with an in-depth explanation of speech and language. They both are tools that we use to communicate thoughts, ideas and emotions. This language is literally a set of rules allowing them to exchange those thoughts, etc. Language can be expressed through writing, sign language or body language. Each language has it’s own set of words for pronunciation.
The first three years of life is the most intense period of speech and language development. This is when the brain is maturing faster than it does at any other time of one’s life. Studies suggest that there are critical periods of development with young children meaning that the brain can be absorb language during this period of time. It will become increasingly more difficult to learn the language if these other developmental periods are passed without development.
The beginning stages of communication begin right after birth when a infant know that a cry will bring something they want: food, comfort, or companionship. The child can better recognize the sounds around his environment and will learn to understand the meaning behind it. They begin to sort out speech sounds and compose words independently. Most research explains that by six months, a children can recognize the basic sounds of their language.
In the first few months of life, a infant has the ability to control their own sounds. For example, with cooing, a quiet, pleasant sound used to express contentment. Babbling usually begins at about 6 months, when the child is mature enough to have the desire to want to talk in greater depth. After babbling, nonsense jargon begins where the child is attempting to make sense, but is not completely successful. Usually, at age 1, a child can begin to say a few simple words, which is reassuring for them to continue to still try to develop this language.
Speech and language development vary with every child. There is a natural timetable chart for mastery of these oral skills. These milestones are specific in what skills would be mastered and a guide for normal development of this. Typically, these skills need to reached before more complex ones can be developed. Parents should be aware of these milestones and follow their child’s progression to ensure ultimate language development. Health professionals can easily determine when a child may need extra help in learning.