The effects of independence in Latin America were counteractive where new societal structures were brought as a change while some native old structures still remaining concrete even in the 19th Century. However, to a greater depth, economic backward still flourished in Latin America even after independence. There was an increasing cost of living with the fiscal policy structures been too adverse to the people. However, there were fundamental disparities across the regions with levels of economic rigidities been different. After a long trailing colonial mercantilism, Latin America came up under performance of new republics with the per capital income relatively increasing shortly after independence. The independence which is credited to been from 1808 – 1825 had various economic implications . According to an economic report from an American Bureau of Standards, many Latin American countries continued to trail in the burden of paying high taxes than the other states. To many historians and the political activists, the tremor experienced by Mexico, Chile and Columbia long after independence is a pure variable allied to the governance rigidness provided by the post colonial impact. (Chasteen, 2001) The consequences were a widened gap between the Latin Americans to that of other developed states in a comparatives analysis of their living standards.
Various sociological evils such as political power fragmentation, societal militarization and war mobilization on societal resources characterized both Mexico and Columbia. With the loosing colonial ties with both the Portugal and the Spain, These states did not embrace a fast healing to the effects of colonization. However, both economic and social structures continued to bear many inadequacies with the system of governance and human relations been contagious. At this point, states were experiencing the caudillos era which was characterized by agitation and economic inadequacies. However, the death of Juaquin Balaguer led to its end. In Colombia, the end of an era characterized the ending of Mil Dias War, where military men had exchanged resolutions over societal rigidities and fighting for the existing resources. Historically, the end of this era can historically be allied to the influence of both Brazil and Uruguay. The Caudillo was used to refer to strong military men who were strong leaders from South America and who started war for independence in both Brazil and Uruguay. Caudillos used to possess their private armies. However, with the achievement of independence by many Latin American States in 19th Century the Caudill came to an end. There was the birth of unity among people within the states. The internal conflict within the fighters of independence was now seizing. To a big extend, caudilo war led to draw back in the postcolonial development in these states.
However, independence was now bringing modernization to the states after the end of Caudillo. Through independence, the states decreased their agricultural dependency which then brought out economic efficiency and development structures in many countries such as Mexico, Uruguay, Chile and Columbia. (Chasteen, 2001)
At the late 19th century Modernization was influential to rapid changes and breakage from ties of colonial inefficiencies. Through modernization, industrialization came up to provide changes in the various socio-economic implications to the people, with great urbanization which provided great incentives for the industrial capital above creating new benchmarks for the societal revolution. Historically, the birth of great industrial and societal revolution can be allied to the effect of the post colonial bondage. Modernization was now providing tools for larger and more advanced technology pursuits for the farming process.
Societal population models radically started changing from localized rural estates to diversity in urban fragmentation. The population was pre-occupied with new and expanded opportunities on their living structures. The societal affairs were now integrating to expanded horizons with greater facilities providing for growth and developments. (Chasteen, 2001)
Summarily, therefore independence in Latin America provided a leeway for both physical and societal changes through the effects of industrialization which was brought by modernization as well as societal draw back through the effects of Caudillos war and economic rigidities.
Chasteen, J, (2001) Born in Blood and Fire: A Consile. History of Latin America.Norton ISBN. 0393050483