Leukemia Causes: Leukemia is a cancer of the blood or bone marrow. Bone marrow create and distribute blood cells. Leukemia often affects the white blood cells. Leukemia can happen when there is a problem with the production of blood cells. It is most common in people over the age of 55 years old and also in youth under 15 years old.Genetics: It does not seem to run in families, a person’s risk is not increased if a family member has the disease. Acute lymphocytic leukemia does not appear to be an inherited disease.
But there are some inherited syndromes with genetic changes that seem to raise the risk of this disease.Treatment: The treatments for ALL are consolidation, and maintenance, induction. ‘Consolidation therapy’ is a stem cell transplant, with drugs that kills any leukemia cells that may be present even if they don’t show up in tests. It often takes around several months to complete. ‘Maintenance therapy’ may be given to people who have a cancer an attempt to prevent a relapse. It stops any remaining leukemia cells from growing.
‘Induction therapy’ is first treatment given for a disease kills leukemia cells in the blood and bone marrow to induce remission. Induction therapy usually lasts a month and is done in a hospital. When there are no signs of leukemia for 5 years, a person is usually considered cured. LupusCauses: Lupus attacks healthy tissues instead of attacking only things like bacteria and viruses. This causes inflammation. Some people have only mild symptoms, others have severe and these symptoms tend to be lifelong. Genetics: Lupus can develop in people with no family history of lupus. No gene or group of genes has been proven to cause lupus.
It can appear in certain families.Treatment: AntiMalarial Drugs Plaquenil is the best way of controlling lupus long term. Some patients may be on Plaquenil for the rest of their lives.
Steroids Synthetic Cortisone usually works quickly to relieve symptoms such as: swelling, warmth, pain, and tenderness affiliated with inflammation.Immunosuppressive Medication were originally used in patients who received organ transplants to help prevent their bodies from rejection. These are medications that help suppress the immune system. These drugs can, however, be used for the treatment of certain other autoimmune diseases.Bipolar DisorderCauses: Hormonal imbalances might trigger or cause bipolar disorder. Abuse, mental stress, a loss or some other traumatic event may contribute to trigger a bipolar disorder.Genetics: Many individuals with bipolar disorder have relatives with other disorders as in major depression or schizophrenia.
Treatments: Treatment includes a combination of at least one mood-stabilizing drug, atypical antipsychotic (producing significantly fewer extrapyramidal symptoms) and psychotherapy. The most widely used drugs for the treatment of bipolar disorder is Depakote or generically as divalproexObsessive-Compulsive Disorder OCD is a mental illness. It’s made up of two parts: obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are unwanted and recurring thoughts, urges, or images that don’t go away. Causes: OCD is thought to have a neurobiological basis, with neuroimaging studies showing that the brain functions differently in people with the disorder. An imbalance in neurotransmitters, is thought to be involved in OCD.Genetics: Research shows that obsessive compulsive disorder runs in families, proving that genetics play a role in its development. People who also have family members around them with this disorder are more likely to develop it as well.
Treatment: Therapy may take place in individual, family or group sessions.(ERP), a type of therapy, involves gradual exposure to a feared object or obsession and helping to teach healthy way to deal with the anxiety. Some Medications can help control the obsessions and compulsions of OCD. Most commonly tested first are antidepressants approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat OCD.Social Anxiety DisorderThe definition for Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is intense fear of embarrassment, being judged or negatively viewed by others.
People with this anxiety disorder tend to stumble their words, turn red, and fidget, often with their fingers, clothing or whatever items they may have in hand. They often avoid social events, especially with large groups of people. It can get in the way of careers and living day to day life, normally. Causes: Social anxiety disorder may be a behavior that they are taught, or that suddenly comes about. Some people may develop the condition after an unpleasant or embarrassing situation in front of others.Genetics: Researchers have found specific chromosomes linked to other anxiety disorders such panic disorder, but they have not found a particular genetic that is linked to SAD.Treatment: Types of therapy used to treat social anxiety disorder are Cognitive-behavioral therapy. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, which helps identify anxieties and the situations that trigger the anxiety.
It is important to continue counseling even if medication to control anxiety is being taken.