Libraries are now virtual and available online in order to cope with new patterns of information provision, technology innovations and emergence of new research practices. This paved way to information services becoming more technologically sophisticated and complex in allocating human and financial resources effectively. Maintaining an appropriate storage environment will contribute to the long term preservation of library books and archives collections in paper-based records and computer mainframe. It is evident that libraries find difficulty keeping pace with the escalating cost and information formats explosions. An expanded networking approach to collection department is highly acceptable. Libraries in print-oriented collections and services must be viewed on different standards with electronic collections and services. The changing profiles of libraries from free access paper-based information to facilitated research and access centers for electronic information requires adjustment in how libraries will be managed.

The library today is called a Media Center.The Old card catalog system has gone online. It now contains books kept in  schools, college libraries, public libraries, and state libraries.

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Full text materials through subject databases are also made available online. Networking from other online libraries is also common, for this expands their inventory and improves their ability to fulfill student requests. Books were provided with online book review form. For school libraries, online forms were created to support, and developed for other library and school related task (Balsano 2005). This helps them facilitate communications between students and librarians as well as teachers on their given assignments.

This system is seen as a constructive means to provide feedback withPage#2faculty. However, librarians are not in the position to decide what is harmful material, like adult website, because they are unable to discriminate websites based on content (Neeley 2000). Many librarians feel that every person has a right to have an unfiltered internet access.Libraries serve to deliver quality information achieved through proper management and updated information control. NYPL lending of books is 24/7, which makes borrowing books convenient, including access to the entire book collection. They include WIFI wireless hot spots networks at no cost for all users. There has also been an emergence of software that will make it possible for users to read materials from their hand held devices for portability (Gnatek 2004). There’s a population of enthusiastic adopters of library technology that must be satisfied with the appropriate technology software.

NYPL lending books also provides tutorial IM tools to help children with their homework.Innovative technologies for library management will continue to source the most effective library automation software and hardware solutions. This will allow library managers to improve their library operations management. Library software and library hardware technologies are meant to be innovative rather than commonplace to meet existing system requirements and enhanced services from existing resources.

One of the features for this enhanced software solution is assisting proactive library management of which technology is higher than NYPL forms communication system. The University of Sunderland uses an issue and return machines for each of its libraries. Borrowing and returning library items is easier and convenient for patrons since these machines are available during self service opening hours (U.

S. 2007). The system is able to resolvePage#3issues of fines and stock circulations.Technology continues to effectively support increased demand of information resources online, including new user interface and new users’ personalization features.

Disaster recovery plans are developed to ensure continuation of the critical system and the service. Its rich functionality understands the demands of delivering services to public patrons. Knowing what to recover and how to recover will constitute an effective recovery plan to the entire process of restoring and relocating any book  collections. This includes designs on navigating various cross searching and linking technologies to integration of key library resources. Collections’ vulnerability to loss can be threatened by theft and vandalism, damage from careless handling, or poor environmental conditions.Some libraries have developed their web sites as gateways to other information resources, such as direct links to e-journals, CD-ROMs, and other quality web resources (Pinfield 2001). However, these offers are largely dependent on the individual subscription.

There are two types of library subscriptions, namely whole library and slot-limited Bookshelf, where display of information depends on assigned subscription. Students are turning to internet search engines for information on various research assignments. Libraries allow availability of these resources as well as prompt removal of outdated information tools if obsolete. One remarkable feature of Jones e-global library is its customized online information which allows a student to affordably aggregate information with their own resources (Jones 2000).Finding ways to manage large collections of electronic resources like e-journals, citation database and full-text aggregations may prove helpful to students who get confusedlinking from website to website. Reference management software like the onesPage#4used by the University of Edinburgh allows the student to store bibliographic details of relevant articles in one place, regardless of where the information was found.

This means easy insertion of citation details in the body of the student’s work and in the bibliography. This also provides pre-formatting from a set of predefined styles (Kelly 2006).The evolving web services opts librarians to offer patrons powerful, straightforward search tools including a wide range of browse and search indexes. Electronics and internet resources may be accessible from a link in the library’s catalog record.  There is an increasing popularity for Development in Artificial Intelligence Document Analysis (AIDA) search techniques. Libraries find their application in data retrieval systems and information management fast, convenient, and efficient. This software could generate summaries of large scale documents to any desired length and assist in the quick retrieval of these documents. This leads to lateral productivity of researchers and students who has access to the software.

Cost can be an obstruction to this technology. Librarians may make use of the other less sophisticated software for their maintenance and operations technology. Technology has forever changed  how librarians serve their patrons and now moves librarians into new roles.;;;;;;;ReferencesBalsano, C. (2005). School libraries go interactive: An Illinois high school library uses onlineforms to stay in contact with the needs and request of students and teachers. The Journal, 33(5), 16+.

Gnatek, T. (2004, December 9). Libraries reach out, online. The New York Times. Retrieved May 1, 2007.Website: http://www.nytimes.

com/2004/12/09/technology/circuits/09libr. html?pagewanted=2;ei=5090       ;en=bc31f3ce53fcf024;ex=1260248400;partner=rssuserlandJones e-global library (2000). E-global library. Retrieved May 2, 2007Website:, S.

(2006). Guide to library resources and services for informatics. Library Online.

Retrieved May 2, 2007, from University of Edinburgh database.Website:

uk/resbysub/info/managingreferences.shtmlNeeley, D. (2000, July). Library internet access policy questioned. Security Management, 44(7), 38.

Pinfield, S. (2001, October 2). Managing electronic library services: Current issues inUK higher education institutions. Ariadne, 29. Retrieved May 2, 2007             Website:http://www. of Sunderland (2007). Borrowing, returning, renewing, and managing your library account.Retrieved May 2, 2007 Website: borrowing-returning-renewing-i       tems-and-managing-your-library-account;