There are many things that cause liver failure, but is only two that interest me most. Acute liver failure and cirrhosis of the liver because they are different but yet the same. I will be delivering the following information about these diseases. The cause the pathology, clinical consequences, evolutions, treatment and prognosis. Acute liver failure is the appearance of the severe complications rapidly after the first signs of liver disease such as jaundice and indications that the liver has severe damage.
There are many causes for this, the most common are overdoses, allergic reaction to medications, hepatitis and more which I will list in my paper. Renal failure is also present in more than fifty percent of acute liver failure patients either due to insult such as paracetamol resulting in acute tubular necroisis or from hyperdynamic circulation leading to hepatorenal syndrome or functional. Because of impaired production of urea, blood urea do not represent degree of renal impairment.
Cirrhosis is most commonly caused by alcoholism or hepatitis B and C and fatty liver disease but it can have many other possible causes. Cirrhosis is when tissues is replaced by fibrous scar tissues and regenerative nodules leading to progressive loss of liver function. Asatesis is the most common complication of cirrhosis and is associated with a poor quality of life, increased risk of infections, and poor long term outcome.
Here are a few signs of complications of cirrhosis many are not specific and may occur and other disease s just because you have the symptoms doesn’t point to cirrhosis. Spider nevi, nail changes, dupuytrens contracture and many others. There are many complications for cirrhosis unlike (ALF) like bruising and bleeding, jaundice and itching. Liver failure is sometimes fatal, but is more fatal without the right treatment.