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Marijuana: An Argument For Legalization Essay, Research PaperPresently, drugs remain high on the list of concerns of politicians,and drugs are considered one of the major jobs impacting ourstate. Narratives are on 11:00 intelligence every dark about peoplebeing murdered on the streets because of drugs. Many peoplethink that drugs are merely an inner-city job, but in world, theyimpact all of us ; non-users and users. I believe that the negativeeffects associated with drugs would be reduced greatly if theUnited States adopted a policy towards the entire legalisation ofmarihuana. By this I mean wholly legalising marihuana forrecreational, medicative, and other utilizations.

The current drug policyof our authorities is evidently neglecting. Drugs are rather present inour society, and the United States drug policy has non deferreddrug trafficking to the point where it is good. Drug Torahs havecreated corruptness, force, increased street offense, anddiscourtesy for the condemnable justness system. Besides that, theAmerican people should be allowed to bask what they like to makeresponsibly and jurisprudence enforcement could concentrate their attendings toother more serious offenses.

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Marijuana comes from the hemp works, which can readily be grownon Fieldss across the state and was cultivated to a great extent in thecolonial period. After 130 old ages of being able to turn andconsume marihuana, the possible jobs of marihuanas werebrought into the public oculus in 1932. Harry J. Anslingler, thecommissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, authored thebook Marijuana: Assassin of Youth ( Goldman 88 ) . In his book,Anslinger portrayed images of Mexican and Negro felons, asgood as immature male childs, who became slayers while under the influenceof marihuanas. With this and other added public force per unit area fromAnslinger & # 8217 ; s book, President Franklin Roosevelt signed into jurisprudencethe Marijuana Tax Act of 1937. This jurisprudence made the usage and sale ofmarijuana federal discourtesies, and at this point marihuana vanishedfrom the public oculus.In the mid-1960 & # 8217 ; s marijuana reappeared and the & # 8220 ; Hippy & # 8221 ; emerged.

Flower peoples were viewed as the unnatural people who did non & # 8220 ; fit in & # 8221 ;and were frequently referred to as monsters. Widespread expostulation to theusage of marihuana remained because of the life styles associatedwith flower peoples. Contrary to the belief of the population, the usage ofmarihuana appeared in colleges and among middle-class young persons inthe suburbs. Marijuana became a symbol of a counter-culture,vernal rebellion, and freedom for the non-hippie users. Duringthe following 10 old ages marijuana use escalated to a point that it wasliterally everyplace.

Marijuana could be found in metropoliss, towns,suburbs, the state, and merely approximately anyplace a individual couldthink of. Peoples rooting from all different backgrounds were utilizingit, and accordingly, marihuana was going more recognizedacross the state. For illustration, in 1997 a instructor at Pine ViewSchool for the Gifted in Sarasota, Florida was & # 8220 ; relocated to adifferent school & # 8221 ; because it was found that he was turningmarihuana for personal ingestion.

The users of marihuana, andthe attitudes about the danger of marihuana broke down. In 1970,the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Actreduced the categorization of simple ownership and non-profitdistribution of marihuana from felonies to misdemeanours( Himmelstein 103-104 ) . However, President Richard Nixondeclared a war on drugs in 1973, and over the following 20 old ages, eachwining president continued to intensify the drug war. Thispeculiar & # 8220 ; drug war & # 8221 ; is non merely against marihuanas but besides againstharder drugs that are more unsafe. This policy has evidentlydone nil to halt the recreational usage of marihuana in thisstate ; on the contrary, it is doing great injury. The policy isforestalling many people who could profit from marihuanamedicinally and us bing the taxpayers money with small consequences.It is clip to seek something new.When some people imagine the legalisation of marihuana, theyfright a marijuana brawl with everybody invariably acquiringhigh and the United States Government being burdened bylegalisation.

In fact, the procedure of legalisation would include ajurisprudence passed by Congress leting the authorities to command thecontent, quality, and distribution of marihuana. The Torahs would besimilar to the current Torahs modulating intoxicant and baccy,including Torahs regulating age, bounds for drive, and distribution.A thorough probe of the costs and benefits of legalisationmust be examined before any policy is implemented.

In world,legalisation will merely do legal what many people do everyday.There are a figure of myths associated with the usage of marihuanawhich people who are opposed to the legalisation of marihuanarepeatedly citation. One of these is that Marijuana causes encephalonharm. Peoples who are opposed base their claim on a survey byDr. Robert Heath of the Macaca mulatta monkey in the late 1970 & # 8217 ; s.

Heath & # 8217 ; swork was criticized for its deficient sample size of merely fourmonkeys, its failure to command experimental prejudice, and themisidentification of normal monkey encephalon construction as & # 8220 ; damaged & # 8221 ;( Hager 1 ) . Actual surveies of human populations of marihuana usershold shown no grounds of harm to the encephalon ( Hager 1 ) . In fact,the Journal of the American Medical Association ( JAMA )conducted two surveies in 1977 and they showed no grounds ofencephalon harm in heavy users of marihuana ( Hager 1 ) . Later thatsame twelvemonth the JAMA came out in favour of the legalisation ofmarihuana ( Hager 1 ) . If marihuana did do encephalon harm, wouldthe JAMA be in favour of legalising it?Another myth is that marihuana amendss the generative system.This is based on the work of Dr.

Gabriel Nahas, whoexperimented with tissue cells isolated in petri dishes. The cellswere dosed with close deadly degrees of THC( Delta-9-tetrahydocannabinol ) . The scientific community rejectedNahas & # 8217 ; s connexions between the petri dishes and human existencesbecause the information was invalid. Surveies of existent homopopulations have failed to show that marihuana adverselyaffects the generative system ( Hagar 1 ) . A relentless mythabout marihuana is that it is a gateway drug, which is a softer drugthat leads to the usage of harder drugs.

The Dutch partlylegalized marihuana in the 1970 & # 8217 ; s and since so the usage of diacetylmorphineand cocaine has aggressively decreased. The antonym of this gatewayaffect is besides present the United States. In 1993, a survey by theRand Corporation compared drug usage in provinces that havelessened the punishment for marihuana usage and those that have non.

Itfound that in provinces where marihuana was more available, difficultdrug maltreatment ( as measured by exigency room episodes )decreased. What scientific discipline and existent experience Tells us is thatmarihuana tends to replace for much harder drugs like intoxicant,cocaine, and diacetylmorphine ( Hagar 1 ) .Another common misconception is that marihuana is moreunsafe than intoxicant. Highly high doses of marihuana causedecease.

& # 8220 ; Highly high doses & # 8221 ; is the indispensable phrase. Scientistshold concluded that the ratio of THC,Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol the chemical that produces a high( comparable to a & # 8216 ; buzz & # 8217 ; from intoxicant ) , needed to acquire a individualintoxicated ( stoned ) relation to the sum necessary to kill him is1 to 40,000. That means that to o.d. on marihuana a individualwould necessitate to devour 40,000 times more THC that a individualusually would to go drunk. The ratio of normal intoxicantingestion versus overdose varies between 1 in 4 and 1 in 10.

Over 5000 people die of intoxicant overdoses each twelvemonth, and no 1has of all time died from o.d.ing on marihuana ( Hagar 2 ) . Manywould reason that this fact is because marihuana is illegal, butsee the fact that marihuana is about a $ 46 billiondollar industry ( NORML ) .Health attention, increased offense and societal facets are the threegeneral countries which marijuana is non good. One of thedefinite proved disadvantages of marihuana is the fact that it ismore unsafe than coffin nail smoke. Two marihuanacoffin nails ( articulations ) create more airway damage than do anfull battalion of coffin nail ( Miner 44 ) .

One articulation contains three timesmore pitch than coffin nails do and marijuana is considered fourtimes more unsafe ( Courtwright 54 ) . Marijuana dramaticallyincreases the pulse rate and blood force per unit area during usage. Manypoliticians and some medical professionals undertaking that lungmalignant neoplastic disease instances will increase if marijuana is legalized. ( Miner 44 ) .These are all valid statements, but coffin nail smoke is legal, andthe terminal consequence for many old ages of usage is the same as marihuana ;lung malignant neoplastic disease.

The American Civil Liberties ( ACLU ) advocates the fulllegalisation of the usage, ownership, industry, and distributionof drugs ( ACLU 1 ) . The ACLU believes that marihuana being illegalis unconstitutional. The followers is an extract from their policyon drugs, which was adopted in 1994:& # 8220 ; Criminalizing the usage, ownership, industry, and distributionof drugs violates the rule that the condemnable jurisprudence may non beused to protect persons from the effects of their ainindependent picks or to enforce upon those persons amajoritarian construct of morality and duty.Enforcement of Torahs criminalizing ownership, usage, andindustry of distribution of drugs engender misdemeanors of civilautonomies. Because drug enforcement is aimed at behaviour, whichis inherently difficult to observe and does non affect a complaining& # 8220 ; victim, & # 8221 ; it needfully relies on jurisprudence enforcement techniques.Such techniques include the usage of clandestine operations,arbitrary or invasive testing processs, random or dragnetictuss, and similar steps that raise serious civil autonomiesconcerns. These enforcement techniques lead in pattern towidespread misdemeanors of civil autonomies warrants, includingthose secured by the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Amendments & # 8221 ; ( ACLU1 ) .

The enforcement of the drug Torahs criminalizes the ownership,usage, industry, and distribution of marihuana and this is what isdoing the violent offense. If a & # 8220 ; marijuana black market & # 8221 ; did nonexist there would non be any ground for illegal activity to beassociated with marihuana. Allen St. Pierre, Assistant NationalDirector of the National Organization for the Reformation ofMarijuana Laws ( NORML ) , says that legalisation will pass over out thealready 60-billion dollar black market by puting marihuana in theunfastened market. ( NORML information battalion 3 ) .

This war on drugs isblowing the money, every bit good as the lives of American people. Thewidely recognized sentiment shaper William F. Buckley, Jr. writes:& # 8220 ; & # 8230 ; The clip devoted to tracking down, collaring and so seekingmarihuana users and so seeking marihuana users is possibly thegreatest exercising in lost clip in modern-day activity.

In the lasttwo old ages, about 750,000 apprehensions were made in our mad,romantic attempt to stomp out marihuana. What this adds up to is1000000s of constabulary hours spent on bootless missions, 1000000s ofhours of tribunal clip wasted, and 1000000s of months in gaol, utilizing upinfinite sorely needed to incorporate people who can & # 8217 ; t wait to acquire outin order to restart mugging and slaying & # 8221 ;( Politics-Commentaries ) .The drug jurisprudence imprisons a battalion of otherwise law-abidingpeople for non-violent Acts of the Apostless that are directed at no 1 butthemselves ( ACLU 1 ) . Most nickel-and-dime drug wrongdoers wereturning marihuana for personal ingestion or were presentingmarihuana for personal ingestion.

There were non drivingintoxicated of enforcing a menace on anyone. Alternatively of extinguishingdrugs, the prohibition of them simply fosters an illegal industryable to blow up monetary values. This is hauntingly familiar to the prohibitionepoch of mobsters when intoxicant was illegal in the 1920 & # 8217 ; s. The blackmarket is evidently the lone topographic point where drugs in general can besold and because of this fact force is created, along withdeceases due to no quality ordinance, and diseases are spread fromsharing illegal drug gears ( ACLU 1 ) .The protagonists of legalisation believe that it will profit societyin three ways, including gross sweetening, medical benefits,and hemp production.

The largest and most appealing statementfor marijuana legalisation is gross sweetening for the UnitedStates Government. Much of the money usually spent of jurisprudenceenforcement, tribunal clip, and the cost of imprisoning captiveswould be saved and used towards something more good( Schmoek 3 ) . The United States spent approximately one billion dollarson marihuana enforcement last twelvemonth and the DEA has proposed a400 % addition in anti-pot disbursement within the following 10 old ages, yetdomestic marihuana production has merely been reduced by 10 % .Furthermore, in 1989, 314,552 apprehensions were made for simpleownership ( NORML 2 ) . That & # 8217 ; s 314,552 people that taxpayers paidto keep in gaol, for merely holding marihuanas or marihuanas gearsin their ownership. America & # 8217 ; s one-year marihuana crop wasdeserving $ 50.7 billion in 1989 and $ 41.4 billion in 1988.

In comparingto maize, a $ 31.4 billion crop, marihuana 144s $ 28 billion moreand has the possible to go prima agricultural merchandise inthe United States ( NORML 2 ) . With trade ordinances, industryordinances, and ingestion revenue enhancements on marihuana, NORML hasestimated that legalisation would bring forth over $ 40 billion innonexempt gross ( NORML 3 ) .Legalization offers Congress a declaration to the national debtbecause marijuana sale could supply the needful financess to assistour economic system and cut down our debt. In add-on, marihuana couldaid America & # 8217 ; s medical patients. Advocates of legalisationinvariably tout the medicative benefits of marihuana. For malignant neoplastic diseasepatients, marijuana reduces sickness and increases the appetency( Cauchon 4A ) .

Marijuana besides reduces epileptic ictuss andreduces nerve upsets in multiple induration patients ( NORML3 ) . I believe that if marijuana offers enduring patients excess qualityclip from their life so attempts to legalise it needs support.Legalizing marihuana for medicative intents, as California did in1996 with Proposition 15, could perchance supply remedies fordiseases, allow patients to experience alleviation, and let research to beconducted for future intents.One country that does non garner excessively much promotion in thelegalisation issue is hemp production. Marijuana comes from thetop foliages and flowers of the female hemp works. The fibre fromthe top is used to do vesture, paper, rope, and methyl alcohol fuel.

Methanol is a liquid intoxicant fuel that burns much like gasolene. Itis widely used in the industry of windscreen washer fluid,gasolene fuel additives, methanal and other chemicals, andmethyl alcohol has promise as a transit fuel. ( Methanol Fuel 1 )( Some guesss is that the energy companies that hold astrong say-so are against legalisation because of the fuel that canbe derived from hemp ) Hemp is besides a versatile works because itgrows in hapless dirt, therefore non taking up any valuable agriculturalland ( NORML 4 ) . Male hemp workss ( does non incorporate THC ) nowgrow in the U.S.

because of its heavy production in the 18th and19th centuries. Seventy-five to Ninety per centum of all paper usedbefore 1883 was hemp paper, including the first two bill of exchanges of theDeclaration of Independence ( Young 25 ) . Hemp is besides safer forthe environment.

Hemp requires 40 % fewer chemicals to bring forthpaper and over a clip span of 20 old ages, one acre of hemp canbring forth four times every bit much mush versus an acre of trees ( NORML4 ) . Therefore, the production of hemp would salvage trees, andsalvaging trees promotes cleaner air, and fabrication marihuanaworkss creates more occupations for people.The push for legalisation of marihuana is doing intelligence acrossAmerica merely as it did in the 1960 & # 8217 ; s. Marijuana is the lone illegalsubstance that people can speak about, sing about, do filmsapproximately, wear apparels that display the well-know marihuana foliage, andfundamentally state the universe & # 8220 ; I smoke marijuana. & # 8221 ; If a constabulary officer asksa individual if they are intoxicated and a individual says, & # 8220 ; yes I smokedmarihuana, & # 8221 ; and that individual is non driving a vehicle the worst thathappens is the individual spends a dark in gaol. Everyone knowsmarihuana & # 8217 ; s presence and it is wholly accepted but if a individual iscaught turning it, devouring it, or possessing it ; it is merely soillegal.

Marijuana usage is glorified in films like Dazed andConfused and Half Baked and by music groups like Cypress Hilland Busta Rhymes.Increasing public support and media attending will easy coerce thelegalisation issue into the head of the political sphere. If thewidespread credence and ingestion continues among thepowerful new vote block, college pupils, the policy towardsmarihuana could alter in the close hereafter.

Weighing both thecosts and the benefits, the legalisation of marihuana seemsinevitable. Many of the purported myths about its harmful effectshave been proven false. The current war on drugs is clearlyweakness, and bing excessively many lives and excessively much money. There aremany benefits to be gained from the Cannabis works: increased revenue enhancementgross, safety due to governmental ordinance, decreased offenseand usage of difficult drugs, and the environmental benefits of hemp toname a few. With all these grounds taken into consideration thelegalisation of marihuana seems like the best thought for America.messageboardThe Legalization of MarijuanaCauchon, Dennis. & # 8220 ; Marijuana: Medical Enigma.

& # 8221 ; USA Today 1 Oct.1996, national erectile dysfunction. : 4A.

Courtwright David T. & # 8220 ; NO! & # 8221 ; American Heritage Feb. & # 8211 ; March1995: 43, 50-56.Goldman, Albert. Grass Roots. New York: Harper & A ; Row 1979.Hager, Paul.

& # 8220 ; Marijuana Myths. & # 8221 ; ICLU drug undertaking force literature.Internet.hypertext transfer protocol: //www.parinoia.com/drugs/mariijuana/facts/marijuana-myths.

( 22 Jan. 99 )Himmelstein, Jerome L. The Strange Career of Marijuana.Westport Connecticut: Greenwood Pres, 1983.Miner, Brad. & # 8221 ; How Sweet is Mary Jane? & # 8221 ; National Review 25 June1996: 44.

National Association for the Reformation of Marijuana Laws( NORML ) .& # 8220 ; Marijuana: Facts and Figures. & # 8221 ; Information Pack.Washington, DC: NORML, N.D.

National Association for the Reformation of Marijuana Laws( NORML ) . Internet. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.norml.org. Copyright 1998, ( 15Feb. 99, 24 Mar. 99 )Natural Resources Canada.

& # 8220 ; Methanol Fuel. & # 8221 ; EngergyPublications ( n.d. ) .

Online.hypertext transfer protocol: //energy-publications.nrcan.gc.

ca/pub/atf/methanol.cfm ( 6 Apr.99 ) .

& # 8220 ; Politics-Commentaries by Others. & # 8221 ; Online. ( Author Unknown )hypertext transfer protocol: //members.iquest.

net/ bummer/comments.html ( 5 Mar. 99 ) .Rosenfield, Jim.

ACLU Drug Policy adopted April 1994:& # 8220 ; Decriminalization of Drugs. & # 8221 ; [ Board Minutes, April 8-9, 1994 ]Internet. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.primenet.com/ % 7Eslackk/wosd/aclu0001.

txt.( 25 Jan 99 )Young, Jim. & # 8220 ; It & # 8217 ; s Time to Reconsider Hemp. & # 8221 ; Pulp and Paper( 1994 ) : 25.