Last updated: August 17, 2019
Topic: Food
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PROPOSAL
Due to the harmful effects for man, Marijuana is considered as a forbidden medicine. Cannabis hemp, commonly called Marijuana, is a medicine that has been used by Chinese and Indians 4000 years ago. Up until 1930’s to 1940’s, the drug was a legal medicine available for everyone to treat different kinds of diseases. It was in 1937, particularly in the United States, representative from the American Medical Association contested the “Marijuana Tax Act”, wherein he worried that the drug would not serve its purpose as a beneficial drug treating variety of diseases instead, it would be damaging for man.

 

At present, the general public still holds the same stand about the drug and up to now it is still struggling for its legalization for medical purposes.  People are having their varied opinion about the issue, some would say that marijuana must not be a forbidden drug because it will be use for medicinal purposes only benefiting man; the drug is denied of its purpose due to political reasons. While some still refutes of how this forbidden drug can bring wonder for man. Different people with their different viewpoint ending up in weed war. Federal law identifies marijuana as one of “the most dangerous drugs that have no recognized medical use.” Aside from being forbidden by the Federal law, it poses more health risks for the patient rather than to treat the disease. An individual must be cautious when considering the use of marijuana for medical purposes.

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More issues are being raised against the drug influencing the general public that the drug must be forbidden. Also, the US Drug Center affirmed that there is no scientific evidence proving that Marijuana is a useful medicine. The harmful effects of Marijuana such as posing higher potential of lung cancer and other respiratory tract disease, reduced balance and coordination, increased risk of heart attack, heightened risk of chronic cough and respiratory infections and impairment of thinking, problem-solving and memory.

Despite the risks that it can cause to man, Marijuana contain compounds that has the ability to treat pain, nausea and other uncomfortable side effects of medical treatment and some other disease symptoms. The plant has 60 chemicals called cannabinoids. These cannabinoids are further studied to know if these chemicals are capable of treating other medical conditions. In 1991, a survey found out that 44 percent of cancer doctors had suggested the use of marijuana to cure nausea connected with chemotherapy. Marijuana as medicine rests on individual testimonials. Before marijuana can be accepted as a prescription drug, clinical trials to measure its therapeutic effect on pain are needed.

The issue of Marijuana being a good medical treatment must not be foreclosed. Marijuana, its components and benefits must be further investigated to disclaim that the plant has no medical uses after all and that it is just rightful to consider it forbidden for man. The potential utility of marijuana in various therapeutic areas, more and better studies must be done. Marijuana, its components and benefits must be further investigated to disclaim that the plant has no medical uses after all and that it is just rightful to consider it forbidden for man due to harm it causes. Doctors, researchers, lawyers, lawmakers and most importantly, the general public must not hold biases against the drug due to political and self-reasons.

The references used for this paper focuses on both harmful and beneficial effects of the drug, whether it will be legalized or forbidden.  The expertise of researches and doctors are the basis of the paper as such experiments and trials are tediously done to support the aspect believed in by the particular individual regarding the drug.

ROUGH DRAFT

To further understand this research paper, the writer decide to break down the main topic into parts for the readers to fully the understand the different stands of different sectors.

(Brief description about Marijuana and its components)

Marijuana had existed as a useful drug as early as 4000 years ago. The Indians and Chinese make use of Marijuana to treat sleep disorders, nausea, vomiting and pain. Marijuana had been a good medical treatment for man depending on the testimonials of people who used it to treat the symptoms of their diseases and illness (Voth and Schawartz, 1997).  Marijuana is present in the dried flowers, leaves, stems and seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant. These parts of the plant have components if smoked or ingested can affect the minds of its frequent users (Voth and Schwartz, 1997) Much focused has been given to the impairment that marijuanat can cause. Marijuana have  compounds for beneficial purposes.  At least 60 chemicals termed as cannabinoids are present in Marijuana. The mind-altering effect brought about by Marijuana’s major component, delta-9-tetrahydrocannibol. It also may help treat signs and symptoms such as nausea and vomiting that are associated with a number of medical conditions (Iversen, 1993).

(How marijuana and its component works)

After marijuana has been smoked or ingested by a person, THC and other components get hold of the body’s peak levels within minutes, and the results can take up to an hour and a half. If the plant is eaten with other food, it would entail several hours for THC to attain the peak level of the body wherein the effect is longer. Marijuana if it is ingested or smoked, THC and other cannabinoids affix to two types of cell receptors in the body, affecting the cells once it is affixed to it. In the brain, CB1 receptors are found particularly in sites responsible for vomiting, body movement and memory. Because the THC affixes itself to the brain receptors making it clear why the drug has mind-altering affects and how it can be beneficial in treating pain, nausea and loss of appetite. CB2 is the other kinds of receptor present in tissues of the immune system, such as the spleen and lymph nodes. These receptors act as suppressor of the immune system (Samson, et.al, 2003)

This discovery of the brain receptors supports the proposal for its therapeutic uses. Further studies and evaluation must be done to fully gauge the potential therapeutic effects of marijuana for certain disorders aside from nausea, pain, glaucoma and other diseases.

(Marijuana as a forbidden drug)

The argument dealing with marijuana stems from the legalization of the drug for medical use. After hundreds of studies, experiments and reports, there are still no confirmed effects about the drug. If the drug will be considered a legitimate medicine depends on the arguments rage by different sectors. Is marijuana safe for medical use? Scientific data on controversial subjects such as the medical uses of an “illicit drug” are commonly misinterpreted; over interpreted, and misrepresented

Marijuana plants have been used for both herbal medication and intoxication. The current debate over the medical use of marijuana is essentially a debate over the value of its medicinal properties relative to the risk posed by its use. Is there a possibility that the dying may be able to use marijuana as a form of pain relief? The controversy still reigns on within congress and the medical community. In Amsterdam, Holland, where marijuana is legal, crime and hard drug use remains a problem. Marijuana has serious harmful effects on the skills required to drive safely: alertness, the ability to concentrate, coordination, and the ability to react quickly. These effects can last up to 24 hours after smoking marijuana. Marijuana use can make it difficult to judge distances and react to signals and sounds on the road. While not everyone who uses marijuana becomes addicted, when a user begins to seek out and take the drug compulsively, that person is said to be dependent or addicted to the drug. In 1995, 165,000 people entering drug treatment programs reported marijuana as their primary drug of abuse, showing they need help to stop using the drug (Haney, et.al, 2004).

The risks associated with marijuana, specifically smoked marijuana, must be considered not only in terms of immediate adverse effects on the lung, but also long-term effects in patients with chronic diseases. Marijuana use can lead to dependence and abuse (Green, 1998). The frequent and prolong usage of Marijuana can result to clinically significant impairments of immune system function particularly if Marijuana will be tested with patients with compromised immune systems (Travis, 1999). Because of these situations, the drug is restricted to be used and further tested.  Smoking or ingestion of the plant are the most effective means for it to take effect on the body, adhering to the cell receptors present in the brain and other body parts easing pain, nausea and other diseases it can treat. The inhalation and smoking of Marijuana poses higher risk of lung cancer and other respiratory diseases rather than smoking; also, as an individual frequently takes it, the brain and its processes are slowly impaired. The banning of the drug for usage in medical treatments is due to the adverse effects it brought to man. The reports of the effects of chronic high doses of Marijuana on the brain are controversial. Studies of relatively uneducated users show no adverse effects, but some studies claim that there is subtle impairment of higher function among better-educated users (Cajigal, 2006). The drug still needs to undergo clinical trials and researches to verify its use for man. But even the tests and researches for the drug are still in struggle mainly because the Federal policy law prohibits the drug whether it is for medicinal purposes . Policy makers and the state have been rigid in implementing on how the drug and its components must be banned from being used since it does not serve its medicinal purpose but rather it inflicts harm for man destroying the processes occurring in the human brain.

(Marijuana being a good medical treatment)

It was in November 5, 1996, when California and Arizona permitted the use of marijuana for medical reasons. The legalization of marijuana started endless questions for both pros and cons. The issue of legalization of whether it will be of use reached even the courts. According to Barry McCaffrey, America’s drug czar, openly advise doctors to adhere to the federal law; marijuana prescription should not be done continuing the issue wherein a pool of California doctors filed a case against Mr. McCaffrey for trampling on their rights as medical doctors (http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/9702/weed.wars/issues/focus/index.html)California and Arizona were the first states allowing marijuana to be sued for medical purposes followed by Massachusetts. The state’s Department of Public Health has issued new rules that allow people with doctor-certified conditions to avoid state prosecution. But the new rules do not legalize pot or give doctors the authority to prescribe the drug.

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“We’re trying to alleviate suffering and pain,” said Massachusetts Public Health Commissioner David Mulligan. “In no sense are we encouraging marijuana use by the public.” (http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/9702/weed.wars/issues/focus/index.html)It is evident that marijuana had been accepted as capable of treating various illnesses under the supervision of doctors and researches.

In USA, a man named Robert Randall had gone blind 25 years ago due to his glaucoma but the patient was able to avoid blindness, as marijuana was able to treat his condition. The University of Mississippi grows a 7000-square meters of marijuana plant to treat million of blind people around the world who has the highest risk of losing their vision to glaucoma particularly in third world countries.

In Tokyo, Japan, the weed is cultivated and grown at the Medicinal Plant garden to further study its components in relation to treating multiple sclerosis. Maeda points to the valuable role marijuana can play in the treatment of MS. “There aren’t many effective medicines for MS. No other medicine compares with marijuana and its positive effects. There is a lot of information emerging about the positive effects of marijuana in managing MS. It’s not going to cure MS but it is one in an array of things that can help with it.” Referring to the public perception of marijuana, “A lot of people think that it is a dangerous drug, that it is addictive. Not at all. There is no particular addictive effect.” (http://www.taima.org/en/iryotaima.htm)

FINAL DRAFT

Marijuana had existed as a useful drug as early as 4000 years ago. The Indians and Chinese based from their written accounts had been using Marijuana to treat sleep disorders, nausea, vomiting and pain. Marijuana being a good medical treatment for man depends on individual testimonials of people who used it to treat the symptoms of their diseases and illness (Voth and Schawartz, 1997).  From these accounts, it supports that marijuana had been beneficial to man. The altering-effects of the plant was not given importance at that time, people were focused with its benefits and further, how they can use the plant for their own advantage. After marijuana has been smoked or ingested by an individual, THC and other components get hold of the body’s peak levels within minutes, and the results can take up to an hour and a half. If the plant is eaten with other food, it would entail several hours for THC to attain the peal level of the body wherein the effects can take hold of for several hours. Marijuana if it is ingested or smoked, THC and other cannabinoids affix to two types of cell receptors in the body, affecting the cells once it is affixed to it. In the brain, CB1 receptors are found particularly in sites responsible for vomiting, body movement and memory. Because the THC affixes itself to the brain receptors making it clear why the drug has mind-altering affects and how it can be beneficial in treating pain, nausea and loss of appetite. CB2 is the other kinds of receptor present in tissues of the immune system, such as the spleen and lymph nodes. These receptors act as suppressor of the immune system (Samson, et.al, 2003) .

This discovery of the receptors particularly in the brain supports a recommendation for its therapeutic uses. Further studies and evaluation must be done to fully assess the potential therapeutic effects of marijuana for certain disorders aside from nausea, pain, glaucoma and other diseases(www.marijuanaaddiction.info). All evaluation dealing with the usefulness of medical intervention is based on the advantages and disadvantages brought about by the drug, and marijuana must also undergo the same process as with the other plant medicine, to prove that despite the harmful effects it poses for man’s health, there are still many beneficial effects it can offer for man. The general public had been one-sided regarding the issue of Marijuana being a good medical treatment, probably due to the influence of the law classifying it as one of the most forbidden and harmful drug. Further, emphasis is given on how Marijuana has devastated million lives particularly pertaining to the compounds bringing about mind-altering effects that can impair the processes occurring in the brain. The drug had been known to be harmful and forbidden since then.

After being beneficial to man, why is it suddenly considered as a forbidden drug?  Unendless debates are held for the legalization of usage of the drugs and despite the benefits that it was able to prove in the past, are now at par. The risks associated with marijuana, specifically smoked marijuana, must be considered not only in terms of immediate adverse effects on the lung, but also long-term effects in patients with chronic diseases. Marijuana use can lead to dependence and abuse. Marijuana was the second most common illicit drug responsible for drug treatment admissions in 2002-outdistancing crack cocaine, the next most prevalent cause (Green, 1998). The frequent and prolong usage of Marijuana can result to clinically significant impairments of immune system function particularly if Marijuana will be tested with patients with compromised immune systems (Travis, 1999). Marijuana use can make it difficult to judge distances and react to signals and sounds on the road. While not everyone who uses marijuana becomes addicted, when a user begins to seek out and take the drug compulsively, that person is said to be dependent or addicted to the drug. In 1995, 165,000 people entering drug treatment programs reported marijuana as their primary drug of abuse, showing they need help to stop using the drug (Haney, et.al, 2004).

The reports of the effects of chronic high doses of Marijuana on the brain are controversial. Studies of relatively uneducated users show no adverse effects, but some studies claim that there is subtle impairment of higher function among better-educated users (Cajigal, 2006). The drug still needs to undergo clinical trials and researches to verify its use for man. But even the tests and researches for the drug are still in struggle mainly because the Federal policy law prohibits the drug whether it is for medicinal purposes.

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Despite it all, the drug is still beneficial for man particularly in treating nausea, pain, glaucoma and multiple sclerosis. Cannabinoids, which are highly present in marijuana, attaches to the receptor cells in the body and the effect of the drug would take effect, as it was able to reach body’s peak treating symptoms and illnesses. California and Arizona were the first states that permitted the use of marijuana for medical reasons that had been followed by Massachusetts. The legalization of marijuana started endless questions for both pros and cons. The issue of legalization of whether it will be of use reached even the courts. According to Barry McCaffrey, America’s drug czar, openly advise doctors to adhere to the federal law; marijuana prescription should not be done continuing the issue wherein a pool of California doctors filed a case against Mr. McCaffrey for trampling on their rights as medical doctors (http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/9702/weed.wars/issues/focus/index.html).

;

“We’re trying to alleviate suffering and pain,” said Massachusetts Public Health Commissioner David Mulligan. “In no sense are we encouraging marijuana use by the public.” (http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/9702/weed.wars/issues/focus/index.html)It is evident that marijuana had been accepted as capable of treating various illnesses under the supervision of doctors and researches.

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Some people tend to overlook the good reasons behind the drug; they tend to focus on their own interests. The law bans the drug for the mere purpose of addiction as such that medical purposes are overthrown. With regards to prohibiting the drug, test and researches on its capability to treat other illnesses are stopped and importantly, both doctors and patients are discouraged in using it as prescription.

In USA, a man named Robert Randall had gone blind 25 years ago due to his glaucoma but the patient was able to avoid blindness, as marijuana was able to treat his condition. The University of Mississippi grows a 7000-square meters of marijuana plant to treat million of blind people around the world who has the highest risk of losing their vision to glaucoma particularly in third world countries (www.CNN.com).

In Tokyo, Japan, the weed is cultivated and grown at the Medicinal Plant garden to further study its components in relation to treating multiple sclerosis. Maeda points to the valuable role marijuana can play in the treatment of MS. “There aren’t many effective medicines for MS. No other medicine compares with marijuana and its positive effects. There is a lot of information emerging about the positive effects of marijuana in managing MS. It’s not going to cure MS but it is one in an array of things that can help with it.” Referring to the public perception of marijuana, “A lot of people think that it is a dangerous drug, that it is addictive. There is no particular addictive effect.” according to Maeda (Nendick, 2000)

The drug is a good medical treatment despite the debates and the Federal law banning it from being used. The components present in it aside from being capable to treat illnesses and symptoms that even formulated capsule containing cannabidols cannot take the same action as what the drug is doing. The fear of addiction deceives us on what the drug can do for us and it is because of this fear that many people have gone blind and worse, death due to the fear that the medical purpose of the drug would not be served instead it would just cause harm for man.  The drug and its uniqueness must be further examined as to find out that aside from the diseases it can treat, it could be the long-awaited answer to treat incurable illnesses such as AIDS.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

 

Cajigal, S. (2006). Marijuana as medicine despite dismissal from FDA, The

debate continues.  Neurology Today. 6(14), 8-9.

 

Green, K. (1998). Marijuana Smoking vs Cannabinoids for Glaucoma Therapy.
Archives of  Ophthalmology, 116(11), 1433 – 1437.

 

Haney,M. Hart,C. Vosburg,S.K. Nasser,J., Bennett,A., Zubaran,C., and Richard W Foltin

(2004). Marijuana Withdrawal in Humans: Effects of Oral THC or Divalproex.

Neuropsychopharmacology. 29, 158-170.

 

Iversen, L. (1993). Medical Uses of Marijuana?. Nature, 365, 12-13.

 

Nendick, M. (2000). Group Campaigns to make Marijuana a Legal Medicine (Electronic

version)  New Observer. Retrieved February 11, 2007.

http://www.taima.org/en/iryotaima.htm

 

Samson, M.T. ,Small-Howard,A. Shimoda, L.M.N., Koblan-Huberson, M., Stokes,A.J.

and H. Turner (2003). Differential Roles of CB1 and CB2 Cannabinoid Receptors in

Mast Cells. Journal of  Immunology. 170(10), 4953 – 4962.

 

Travis, J. (1999). Marijuana reveals brain role. (tetrahydrocannabinol combines to same

brain receptors as lipid molecule anandamide). Science News 155(14), 215.

 

Voth, E.A and Schwartz, R.H.(1997).   Medicinal Applications of Delta-9-

Tetrahydrocannabinol and Marijuana. Annals of Internal medicine, 126, 791-798.

Electronic Reference Format Recommended by Narconon Southern California. http://www.marijuanaaddiction.info/harmful-effects-of-marijuana.htm

 

Electronic Reference Format Recommended by CNN Interactive http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/9702/weed.wars/issues/focus/index.html