Mary Stuart. Her life and struggle for crown
My favourite topic at school is history, so the history of England is really interesting for me excessively. Elizabeth the First and Mary Stuart are really of import individuals in the history of England. The battle of Queen Elizabeth and the Queen of Scots frequently is told in literature, theatre, and it is really celebrated. This minute was really dramatic and made the hereafter of England.
I have seen a perfromance about Mary Stuart and Elizabeth the First, and it made me funny in this portion of history of England. It seemed to me the most interesting portion in the English history.
I wanted to cognize more about Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, Queen Elizabeth, her challenger ; about those times, in which Mary Stuart lived.
I was interested in: who was Mary Stuart, what was the narrative of her life, why wasn & # 8217 ; t she the Queen of England, what did she battle for ; why was she executed.
Working with this stuffs, I wanted to reply my inquiries and happen new of interesting facts Mary & # 8217 ; s life.
1. The beginning of Elizabeth & # 8217 ; s career
Weary of the atrocities of Bloody Queen Mary & # 8217 ; s reign, the people looked with hope and gladfulness to the new Sovereign. The state seemed to wake up from a atrocious dream.
Queen Elizabeth was twenty- five old ages old when she rode through the streets of London, from the Tower to Westminster Abbey to be crowned.
She was non beautiful, but she was good plenty, and looked all the better for coming after the glooming Mary. She was good educated, clever, but cunning and fallacious, and inherited much of her male parent & # 8217 ; s violent pique. She began her reign with the grate advantage of holding a really vise and careful curate, Sir. William Cecil.
2. Mary & # 8217 ; s appearens and the narrative of the struggle
The one great problem of this reign was Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots. She was the girl of the Queen Regent of Scotland, Mary of Guise. She had been married, when a mere kid to Dauphin, the boy and inheritor of the King of France. The Pope, who pretended that no 1 could truly have on the Crown of England without his gracious permission, was strongly opposed to Elizabeth, as the Roman Church had ne’er recognized the matrimony of Henry the Eight & # 8217 ; s and Ann Boleyn, Elizabeth & # 8217 ; s the First female parent. And as Mary Queen of Scots would hold inherited the English Crown in right of her birth, saying the English Parliament non to hold altered the sequence, the Pope and most of his followings maintained that Mary was the rightful Queen of England, and Elizabeth the unlawful Queen. After her matrimony to Dauphin Mary became closely connected with France, and France was covetous of England, so there was far greater than it would hold been without her confederation with the great power. And after decease of her hubby & # 8217 ; s father Dauphin became Francis the Second, King of France, and the affair grew really serious. The immature royal twosome wanted to be English King and Queen, and the Pope was disposed to assist them.
3. Political state of affairs in Scotland
Now, the reformed faith, under the counsel of a austere and powerful sermonizer, named John Knox, had been doing advancement in Scotland. It was still a half-savage state, where there was a great trade of slaying and rioting continually traveling on, and the Reformers alternatively of reforming this evils as they should hold done, went to work in the fierce old Scots spirit, puting churches and chapels waste, drawing down images and communion tables.
The Scots reformists in secret represented to Elizabeth that, if the reformed faith failed in their state, it would be the same in England. Thus, Elizabeth, though she had a high impression of the rights of Kings and Queens to make anything they liked, sent an ground forces to Scotland to back up the Reformer, who were in weaponries against their crowned head. Mary and her immature hubby renounced their false rubric of King and Queen of England. But this pact they ne’er fulfilled.
4. Struggle entirely
Soon, the immature Gallic King died, populating Mary a immature widow. She was so invited by her old Scots topics
to return place and reign over them. She wasn’t happy in France after her husband’s decease, so she left for Scotland. It happened in 1561. Elizabeth had been Queen for three old ages when Mary Queen of Scots embarked at Calais for her ain state. She was really affectionate of France, and put on the deck, looking back and crying «Farewell France! Farewell France! Is hall ne’er see you once more! »
5. Elizabeth obtained her ain manner
When Mary came to Scotland and settled at the castle of Holyrood in Edinburg, she find herself among aliens and wild imposts, really different from the tribunal of France.John Knox himself frequently lectured her, violently and angrily, and did much to do her life unhappy. All this grounds con-firmed her old fond regard to the Roman faith.
Therefore, from the minute of Mary & # 8217 ; s coming to England she began to be the centre of secret plans and wretchednesss. A rise of the Catholics in the North was the following of these, and it was merely checked by many executings and much bloodshed. It was followed by a great confederacy of the Pope and some Catholics crowned head of Europe to force out Elizabeth, topographic point Mary on the throne, and reconstruct the unreformed faith. At last, one great secret plan was discovered, and it ended the calling of Mary. Her letters were found. Queen Elizabeth had been warned long ago that in keeping Mary alive, she held the & # 171 ; wolf, who would devour her. & # 187 ; The inquiry was: what to make with her? The Earl of Leicester wrote a small note, urging to poison her. His advice was disregarded, and Mary was brought to test at Fotheringey Castle in Northamptonshire, before a court of 40, composed of both faiths. The Queen Elizabeth asked to see some agencies of salvaging Mary & # 8217 ; s life. The Parliament answered: & # 171 ; No & # 187 ; . They supposed that all the problems would be ended by the decease of the Queen of Scots.
Elizabeth wished one thing more than Mary & # 8217 ; s decease, and that was to maintain of incrimination of it.
Merely on the 1 of February, 1587, the Queen signed the warrant for the executing. So, on the 7 of February, the Earls of Kent and Shrewsbery, with the Sheriff of Northamptonshire, came with the warrant to Fotheringey, to state the Queen of Scots to fix for decease.
6. Tragic battle
When the couriers were gone, Mary made a economical supper, read over her will, went to bed, slept for some hours, and so passed the reminder of the dark stating supplications.
While the sentence was being read, Mary sat upon a stool, and, when it was finished, she once more denied her guilt, as she had done earlier.
Some say, her caput was struck off in two blows, some say in three. When it was held up, streaming with blood, the existent hair beneath the false hair she had long worn was seen to be every bit grey as that of a adult female of 70, though she was merely in her 46 old ages.
So, the life of Mary Stuart was really tragic and romantic, full of escapades and immoralities. Her battle for crown cost her life. When I was looking for stuffs, I read books, saw a public presentation, and now I know more about Mary Stuart Queen of Scots and non merely about her. I know more about Queen Elizabeth, her challenger in battle for the Crown of England.
Mary had full rights for Crown of England, she fought for it, and she failed in this battle. This fact is frequently in literature because it is the first minute in history when the individual of royal blood was executed.
We don & # 8217 ; t cognize what could be, if Mary Stuart remain alive and became the Queen of England. Of class, the history would develop in other manner. But the reign of Elizabeth was the glorious one, and is made for of all time memorable. Apart from the great ocean trips, solons and bookmans, whom it produced, the names of Francis Bacon, Spencer, Shakespeare, will be ever remembered in the civilised universe. It was good reign for commercialism, find, and for England in whole.
Name Page Introduction 2. The beginning of Elizabeth & # 8217 ; s career 3. Mary & # 8217 ; s visual aspect and the narrative of the struggle 3. Political state of affairs in Scotland 4.
Struggle entirely 4.
Elizabeth obtained her ain manner 5. Tragic struggle 6. Decision 7.