Mental Illness and Bad Habits People With Mental Illness Are More Likely To Adopt Bad Habits(The National Drug Intelligence Center, 2006) We learn from the National Drug Intelligence Center that, “Chronic drug abuse may occur in conjunction with any mental illness identified in the American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Some common serious mental disorders associated with chronic drug abuse include schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, manic depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, post traumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, and antisocial personality disorder.”Many mental health conditions are present when an individual decides to experiment and then become addicted to illegal drugs. Smoking usually accompanies drug use, along with drinking alcohol.

Individuals use drugs, alcohol and smoking as a means to escape the pain they are feeling because of the mental disorder that they are experiencing. Illegal drugs are used to place the suffering person in a position where they are numbed to the painful effects that their mental illness has inflicted upon them.We learn that, “Many chronic drug abusers -the individuals we commonly regard as addicts-often simultaneously suffer from a serious mental disorder. Drug treatment and medical professionals call this condition a co-occurring disorder or a dual diagnosis.”(Better Health Channel, 2006)Medical professionals can very easily diagnose their patience with various mental  illnesses and can then try to determine if drugs, alcohol and smoking are methods in which the patient uses, in order to survive the depression and mania that very often accompanies mental illness. It is evident that mental illness goes hand in hand with drugs, alcohol and smoking and it is obvious that these patients need to be sent to therapy, rehab, and to their local churches, in order for the patient to have a means of communicating his feelings to a resource who can offer them the help that they so desperately need.

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“Co-occurring disorders are very common. In 2002, an estimated 4.0 million adults met the criteria for both serious mental illness and substance dependence or abuse in the past year.

”The existence of drugs and other harmful forms of self-medication are often seen being used by patients who suffer from mental disorders. Self-medicating offers the patient a form of escape, where they can relieve themselves from the disastrous symptoms that the mental illness has put upon them. Smoking is a means to ease nervousness and tension that is associated with mental illness, while drinking offers a numbing effect.

Drugs often make the mental illness patient feel a huge escape pattern and they may easily be addicted to each of these bad habits.Which occurs first-chronic drug abuse or serious mental illness? We learn that, “It depends. In some cases, people suffering from serious mental disorders (often undiagnosed ones) take drugs to alleviate their symptoms-a practice knows as self-medicating.

According the American Psychiatric Association, individuals with schizophrenia (Sheehan, 1983) sometimes use substances such as marijuana to mitigate the disorder’s negative symptoms (depression, apathy, and social withdrawal) to combat auditory hallucinations and paranoid delusions, or to lessen the adverse effects of their medication, which can include depression and restlessness.”Many individuals use marijuana as a medication which calms them when they experience episodes that often come with mental illness. Smoking marijuana often eases the symptoms that the patient is suffering from, therefore, the addiction is easily taken on, in order for the patient to gain some relief from their serious symptoms.How does alcohol affect mental health? (Center for Mental Health Services) “Research suggests a close relationship between alcohol problems and mental health. People with mental health problems face an increased risk for alcohol problems and visa versa. Studies show that the overall prevalence of alcohol dependence is almost twice as high among people with mental disorders than in the general population.”It has been noted that alcohol and mental health disorders are usually both present in patients, along with smoking and drinking patterns.Drugs, alcohol and smoking are very often associated with individuals who are depressed.

This mental health condition is experience my many people who utilize bad habits to alleviated their symptoms.We learn from a World News & Report agency that, (U.S.

News, 2007) “A major depression interferes with the ability to work, study, sleep, eat and enjoy once pleasurable activities.”Depression is a condition caused my mental illness that seriously affects people who very often don’t know where to find help, so often they turn to smoking, drugs and alcohol for relief.Often we find that patience who are diagnosed with bipolar disorder are huge users of drugs, alcohol and smoking.Mental Health Info, (Mental Health Info. 2007) We learn that, “Bipolar Disorder is a mood disorder characterized by extreme emotional “highs and lows”. Also, known as manic depression, bipolar disorder can cause a person to be irritable, overly excited, withdrawn, or suicidal at any given time.”We must learn to determine when a person may be suffering from this condition, and we can see displays of bad habits, very often from these suffering individuals, like illegal drug usage.

We understand that “Anxiety disorder is characterized by constant episodes of uneasiness and discomfort over an anticipated situation.”Drugs are often used to treat patience who suffer from this order, but illegal drugs should never play a part in the patients recovery.Anxiety is a mental illness that is usually closely connected to smoking, drinking and illegal drug use. “People who experience anxiety in stressful situations are more likely to turn to alcohol to relieve their anxiety symptoms, according to research at Dalhousie University.

” (Buddy, 2007)“Those who experience symptoms such as “butterflies,” rapid breathing, or an increased heart rate in the face of a stressful situation are described as having high anxiety sensitivity (AS), according to the study, and they are more likely to “sooth” their anxiety by drinking.”Many people who drink alcohol have experienced high levels of anxiety. This type of mental disorder can cause the individual to feel a sense of disassociation from reality and the person who is suffering will often turn to alcoholism as a form of escape from this mental disorder.“Anxiety sensitive individuals are people who have fear of anxiety, basically,” said Robert O.

Pihl, (Phil, 2006) professor of psychology and psychiatry at McGill University. “It’s kind of an anticipatory type response. This study helps us understand why these individuals are highly likely to become alcohol abusers. Furthermore, the literature tells us that the abuse is not just about alcohol. It can involve anything that reduces that anticipatory anxiety.”The fear of anxiety is a serious condition that is sometimes and very often soothed by alcohol. Smoking is usually closely linked to this condition, that is coupled with the use of alcohol.

Pihl adds that, “We can’t look at these individuals as one kind of ubiquitous mass When someone talks about alcoholism, that doesn’t really explain anything. That doesn’t tell you why. There are multiple reasons why things happen, and its important to understand the reasons why before you get into any kind of treatment. Treatment should be specific to the why.”(Whitaker, 2003) ‘Mental illness should be closely watched and the person in question who is experiencing patterns of mental illness should remain under constant care.”We must learn to diagnose mental illness disorders and provide a medical treatment plan to ensure that the patient doesn’t resort to illegal drugs, smoking and alcohol for their mental relief.(Mental Health Foundation, 2006) Alcoholism, illegal drugs and smoking are all bad habits which are closely associated with many forms of mental illness.  Reference Page Better Health Channel.

(2006) “Dual Diagnosis” Health Insite.Buddy, T. (2007) “Anxiety Sensitivity and Drinking Alcohol. Alcoholism and Substance           Abuse.

Dalhousie University.Center for Mental Health Disorders. (2005) “How Does Alcohol Affect Mental Health?            SAMHSA’S.Mental Health Foundation. (2006) “Cheers?: Understanding the Relationship Between Alcohol and Mental Health. London.

The National Drug Intelligence Center. (2006)U.S. News & World Report. (2007) “Depression”. Brain and Behavior Center.Mental Health Info.

(2007) “Bipolar Disorder“.YourMentalHealthInfo.comPihl, Robert O,. (2006) “Soothed by Alcohol”.

McGill University.Sheehan, Susan. (1983) “Is There No Place For Me?” Anchor.

Whitaker, Robert. (2003) “Mad in America, Bad Science, Bad Medicine, and the           Enduring Mistreatment of the Mentally Ill”.